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Marine Ecological Processes - Ivan Valiela

Marine Ecological Processes


Published: 28th February 2015
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The oceans represent a vast, complex and poorly understood ecosystem. Marine Ecological Processes is a modern review and synthesis of marine ecology that provides the reader with a lucid introduction to the intellectual concepts, approaches, and methods of this evolving discipline. Comprehensive in its coverage, this book focuses on the processes controlling marine ecosystems, communities, and populations and demonstrates how general ecological principles--derived from terrestrial and freshwater systems as well--apply to marine ecosystems.

Global warming and increased eutrophication and wetland destruction in recent years has made the study of ecological processes even more important for the preservation of marine environments. This thoroughly updated and expanded edition will provide students of marine ecology, marine biology, and oceanography with numerous illustrations, examples, and references which clearly impart to the reader the current state of research in this field: its achievements as well as unresolved controversies.

Contents Preface to the Third Edition Preface to the Second Edition Preface to the First Edition Part I Primary production in marine environments Chapter 1 Primary producers in the sea 1.1 Phytoplankton 1.2 Benthic producers Chapter 2 Production: the formation of organic matter 2.1 Photosynthesis 2.2 Chemosynthesis 2.3 Measurement of producer biomass and primary production 2.4 Contributions by different marine primary producers Chapter 3 Factors affecting primary production 2.1 Light 2.2 The Uptake and Availability of Nutrients 2.3 Temperature and Interactions with Other Factors 2.4 Distribution of Phytoplankton Production Over the World Ocean Part II Consumers in Marine Environments Chapter 3 Dynamics of Populations of Consumers 3.1 Elements of the Mathematical Description of Growth of Populations 3.2 Survival Life Tables 3.3 Fecundity Life Tables 3.4 Some Properties of Life Table Variables 3.5 Reproductive Tactics Chapter 4 Competition for Resources Among Consumers 4.1 Population Growth in Environments with Finite Resources 4.2 The Nature of Competition 4.3 Density-Dependent Control of Abundance 4.4 Density-Dependent Versus Density-Independent Effects on Abundance 4.5 Resource Partitioning 4.6 Niche Breadth and Species Packing Chapter 5 Feeding and Responses to Food Abundance 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Functional Response to Prey Density < 5.3 Numerical Responses by the Predator to Density of Prey 5.4 Developmental Response to Prey Density Chapter 6 Food Selection by Consumers 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Behavioral Mechanisms Involved in Finding and Choosing Food 6.3 Factors Affecting Food Selection by Consumers 6.4 Examples of Feeding Mechanisms at Work: Suspension Feeding 6.5 Optimization in Food Selection by Consumers 6.6 Vulnerability and Accessibility of Food Items 6.7 The Importance of Alternate Prey 6.8 Interaction of Mechanisms of Predation 6.9 Predation and Stability of Prey Populations Chapter 7 Processing of Consumed Energy 7.1 Flow of Energy Through Consumers 7.2 Assimilation 7.3 Respiration 7.4 Growth 7.5 Production 7.6 Energy Budgets for Populations Part III Structure and Dynamics of Marine Communities Chapter 8 Trophic Structure 1: Controls in Benthic Food Webs 8.1 Defining Food Webs 8.2 Controls of Community Structure 8.3 Control Mechanisms in Benthic Communities Chapter 9 Trophic Structure 2: Components and Controls in Water Column Food Webs 9.1 Food Webs in Marine Water Columns 9.2 Microbial Food Webs 9.3 The Classic Microplankton Food Web 9.4 Speculations as to Control of Prey Populations by Larger Predators in the Marine Water Column Chapter 10 Taxonomic Structure: Species Diversity 10.1 Introduction 10.2 Measurement of Diversity 10.3 Factors Affecting Diversity 10.4 Integration of Factors Affecting Diversity and Some Consequences Chapter 11 Spatial Structure: Patchiness 11.1 Scales of Patchiness 11.2 Description of Spatial Distributions 11.3 Sources of Patchiness 11.4 Ecological Consequences of Patchiness 11.5 The Problem of Upscaling Chapter 12 Development of Structure in Marine Communities: Colonization and Succession 12.1 Introduction 12.2 Colonization Processes 12.3 Case Histories of Colonization and Succession 12.4 Interaction Among Communities at Different Stages of Succession 12.5 Generalized Properties of Succession in Marine Environments Part IV Functioning of Marine Ecosystems Chapter 13 The Carbon Cycle: Production and Transformations of Organic Matter 13.1 Inorganic Carbon 13.2 The Carbon Cycle in Aerobic Environments 13.3 The Carbon Cycle in Anoxic Environments Chapter 14 Nutrient Cycles and Ecosystem Stoichiometry 14.1 Phosphorus 14.2 Nitrogen 14.3 Sulfur 14.4 Ecosystem Energetics and Stoichiometry Chapter 15 Seasonal Changes in Marine Ecosystems 15.1 Introduction 15.2 Water Column Seasonal Cycles 15.3 Benthic Seasonal Cycles 15.4 Control of Seasonal Cycles Chapter 16 Long-Term and Large-Scale Change in Marine Ecosystems 16.1 Introduction 16.2 Large-Scale Effects of Long-Term Atmospheric Changes 16.3 Depletion of Fishery Stocks 16.4 Eutrophication 16.5 Toxic Contamination 16.6 Spread of Exotic Species 16.7 Harmful Algal Blooms 16.8 Interception of Freshwater Inputs and Sediment Loads 16.9 Multiple Factors in Concert: The Case of Black Sea 16.10 Implications of Long-Term, Large-Scale Changes References Index

ISBN: 9780387790688
ISBN-10: 0387790683
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 702
Published: 28th February 2015
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.4 x 15.9  x 3.4
Weight (kg): 1.14
Edition Number: 3
Edition Type: Revised