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Managing Children in Disasters : Planning for Their Unique Needs - Jane A. Bullock

Managing Children in Disasters

Planning for Their Unique Needs

Hardcover Published: 3rd December 2010
ISBN: 9781439837665
Number Of Pages: 378

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"'¦ is a welcome addition to the growing body of literature in an area that has sorely needed it.ã The authors cite the latest studies and best practices on the subject, referencing the current list of resources available from leading children advocacy organizations.ã The result offers an invaluable resource on the challenges of providing for the needs of children during crises and natural hazard events."--Mark K. Shriver, Chairman of the National Commission on Children in Disasters and Senior Vice President of Save the Children's U.S. ProgramsEach year, disasters such as house fires, car accidents, tsunamis, earthquakes, and hurricanes impact hundreds of thousands of children. Child victims can suffer disproportionately and the physical and psychological damage sustained can far outweigh the same effects in adults, often requiring years of therapy. Sadly, emergency planners to date have largely failed to adequately recognize and accommodate the particular requirements of children in times of disaster.Highlighting the infrastructure that supports children in a safe and secure community, Managing Children in Disasters begins by identifying the special needs of children, including physical security, emotional stability, family unity, and ongoing education. It looks at how hazard mitigation actions can reduce the long term impact of a disaster on this infrastructure, and outlines the many steps that can be taken by parents, emergency managers, school officials, and child care providers to prepare for a future incident.The book reviews what agencies and organizations can do to ensure that children are protected and families remain intact. It examines evacuation plans and processes, emergency shelters, and the recovery and rebuilding process. The final chapter provides a list of resources in emergency planning, psychosocial recovery, training and education courses, technical assistance, and other organizations and examples of existing programs, reports, sample plans, and guides written for children.Providing guidance for the family and community, this book discusses the types of efforts that can be undertaken in all phases of emergency management including preparation, immediate response, and recovery.

Managing Children in Disasters is a welcome addition to the growing body of literature in an area that has sorely needed it. The authors cite the latest studies and best practices on the subject, referencing the current list of resources available from leading children advocacy organizations. The result offers an invaluable resource on the challenges of providing for the needs of children during crises and natural hazard events. -- Mark K. Shriver, Chairman of the National Commission on Children in Disasters and Senior Vice President of Save the Children's U.S. Programs

Introductionp. xi
About the Authorsp. xv
Unique Needs of Children in Disastersp. 1
Introductionp. 1
Children as a Special Populationp. 4
Physical and Physiological Vulnerabilitiesp. 8
Developmental and Social Vulnerabilitiesp. 11
Psychological Vulnerabilitiesp. 14
Safety and Security Vulnerabilitiesp. 17
What Are the Special Emergency Response Needs of Children?p. 18
Family Unityp. 29
Conclusionp. 37
Referencesp. 38
Child Infrastructurep. 41
Introductionp. 41
Familiesp. 42
Schoolsp. 46
Child Care Providers and Caregiversp. 56
Critical Infrastructurep. 62
Health and Hospital Infrastructurep. 63
Social Servicesp. 65
Conclusionp. 68
Referencesp. 68
Mitigationp. 71
Introductionp. 71
Community Infrastructure and Childrenp. .72
Mitigating Community Infrastructure for Childrenp. 73
Hazards Identification and Planningp. 73
Design, Construction, and Retrofitp. 77
Land Use Planningp. 82
Financial Incentivesp. 89
Structural Controlsp. 93
Mitigating the Homep. 94
Hazard Mitigation Resourcesp. 98
Conclusionp. 99
Referencesp. 100
Preparednessp. 101
Introductionp. 101
Learning Objectivesp. 103
Preparedness Actionsp. 103
Area 1: Child Safety and Securityp. 104
Area 2: Nutritionp. 105
Area 3: Clothing and Shelterp. 106
Area 4: Hygienep. 107
Area 5: Evacuation and Transportationp. 107
Area 6: Health and Hospital Carep. 108
Area 7: Emergency Medical Care and Emergency Responsep. 109
Area 8: Supervision, Day Care, and Educational Facilitiesp. 111
Area 9: Educationp. 112
Area 10: Psychological Carep. 112
Area 11: Emergency Management Education for Children, Parents, and Caregiversp. 113
Area 12: Other Needsp. 114
Emergency Operations Plansp. 114
Local Emergency Managersp. 122
Children's Issues Coordinator (EOC)p. 123
Transportationp. 124
Mass Carep. 124
Human Servicesp. 125
Firep. 126
Emergency Medical Servicesp. 126
Hospitalsp. 127
Public Healthp. 128
Mental Healthp. 129
Social Servicesp. 130
Legal Systemp. 131
Law Enforcementp. 131
Public Informationp. 132
Community Zoning Officialsp. 132
Public Works and Utilitiesp. 132
All Responding Agenciesp. 132
School Preparednessp. 133
Child Care Facilitiesp. 141
Emergency Sheltersp. 147
Building Resiliencyp. 149
American Red Cross: Children and Disastersp. 151
Children and Their Response to Disasterp. 151
Advice to Parents: Prepare for Disasterp. 152
After the Disaster: Time for Recoveryp. 153
Talking to Children about Disastersp. 154
Conclusionp. 159
Referencesp. 159
Responsep. 161
Introductionp. 161
Learning Objectivesp. 161
Developing a Functional Annex for Children to the Community Emergency Operations Planp. 162
Area 1: Child Safety and Securityp. 163
Area 2: Nutritionp. 163
Area 3: Clothing and Shelterp. 164
Area 4: Hygienep. 165
Area 5: Evacuation and Transportationp. 165
Area 6: Health and Hospital Carep. 166
Area 7: Emergency Medical Care and Emergency Responsep. 167
Area 8: Supervision, Day Care, and Educational Facilitiesp. 168
Area 9: Educationp. 168
Area 10: Psychological Carep. 169
Area 11: Emergency Management Education for Children, Parents, and Caregiversp. 169
Area 12: Other Needsp. 170
Notificationp. 170
Evacuationp. 172
Sheltersp. 176
Voluntary Organizations Involved with Children in Disastersp. 177
Separation from Familyp. 186
Conclusionp. 195
Referencesp. 195
Recoveryp. 197
Introductionp. 197
The Recovery Needs of Children Are Recognizedp. 198
Providing and Restoring the Infrastructure That Supports Children in a Community, Including Temporary Housing, Schools, and Child Care Facilitiesp. 202
Providing Mental Health Support and Servicesp. 217
National Disaster Recovery Frameworkp. 230
Conclusionp. 235
Referencesp. 236
Emergency Management Resources Focused on Children's Needsp. 239
Emergency Planningp. 240
Sample Plansp. 243
Psychosocial Recoveryp. 244
Training and Education Courses and Materialsp. 251
Technical Assistancep. 256
Reportsp. 261
Organizationsp. 264
Web Linksp. 266
p. 271
p. 285
p. 291
p. 293
p. 297
p. 307
p. 311
Indexp. 353
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781439837665
ISBN-10: 143983766X
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 378
Published: 3rd December 2010
Publisher: CRC PR INC
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.11 x 15.49  x 2.79
Weight (kg): 0.66
Edition Number: 1