The greatest challenge facing mankind today is the immense disparity in the levels of income among people in different parts of the globe. The growth rate of income of the poor countries is consistantiy far below the rate of the advanced, industrialized nations. Due to low income and a high propensity to consume, there is very little left in these countries for investment. A major portion of the resources available is devoted to military expenditures. This continual decline in the standard of living, coupled with poverty and unemployment, will lead to social and political upheaval in these countries, which affects developed countries. Because of high capacity and low population growth, the market of the developed countries is already saturated. To maintain the high standard of living in the developed countries it is necessary to have a strong and stable developing world. It is gratifying to see that both groups of countries see the need for peaceful economic growth; however, the amount of cooperation between countries and the material help from the developed countries are far from satisfactory.
The economic and social scientists have investigated the best way to achieve the transformation from a poverty-ridden condition to a decent existence. Their studies have proceeded in two different directions. One is a more descriptive, historical analysis and the other is theoretical model- building. Although these studies have achieved a relatively high level of perfection, one significant factor is sometimes missing.
1 The Problem and the Setting.- Regional Science as a Discipline.- Techniques of Regional Science.- Objective of the Book.- References.- 2 Analysis and Projection of Population and Income.- Definition of a Region.- Demographic Indexes.- Life Tables.- Makeham's and Gompertz's Formula for Smoothing Mortality Rates.- Population Forecasting.- Spatial Regularity and Population Modeling.- Estimation of Migration.- Estimation of Regional Income.- References.- 3 Regional Activity Analysis.- Location and Measurement of Economic Activity.- Projecting Economic Activity: Use of Economic Models.- Some Examples of Regional Econometric Modeling.- References.- 4 Regional and Interregional Input-Output and Programming Models.- Economic Base Theory.- Input-Output Analysis.- Interindustry Linkage and Pollution in Belgium.- Responsibility for Cleaning Pollution: Use of Bleached Input-Output Model.- Industrial Complex Analysis and Programming Techniques.- Linear Programming Technique.- Pollution Abatement and Regional Welfare: A Control Theory Approach.- References.- 5 Providing Infrastructure for Regional Development.- Requirements for Urban-Regional Growth in the Developing Countries.- Municipal Income and Expenditure: An Analytical Stury.- Energy-Econometric Modeling.- Energy in Urban-Regional Development.- References.- 6 Political Dimensions of Regional Economis Development.- Military Expenditure and Economic Development.- Military Expenditure on the Indian Subcontinent: An Example.- A Suggested Cooperation Procedure.- Internal Political Stability and Economic Development.- Political Ideology and Economic Development.- References.- 7 Management of Regional Planning.- Role of Management Science in Development.- Application of the Gravity Model for the Indian Federation.- Participation Potential.- Centralization and Decentralization: Decision Matrix.- Regional and Interregional Growth and Allocation Theory.- Regional Science as a Discipline.- References.- 8 Retrospect and Respect.- The Future of Regional Science.- Regional Science and Other Disciplines.- Future Directions for Regional Science.- Modified Formulation of a Regional Allocation Model.- References.- Author Index.
Series: Studies in Applied Regional Science
Number Of Pages: 260
Published: 30th November 1982
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.4 x 15.6
Weight (kg): 1.25