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Making the Political : Founding and Action in the Political Theory of Zhang Shizhao - Leigh Kathryn Jenco

Making the Political

Founding and Action in the Political Theory of Zhang Shizhao

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Published: 12th July 2010
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"The account of political founding in Making the Political is of great significance today: Zhang shizhao's insights speak to the dilemmas of those faced with collapsing or unstable polities, and lessons from his work challenge fundamental themes in political theory. Equally important, jenco's method - careful scholarship based on the Chinese sources combined with a dynamic use of contemporary theory to interrogate and amplify Zhang's arguments - makes the book a model for future, globally informed theorizing." Stephen C. Angle, wesleyan University

"This is an original and important piece of work that addresses a range of debates in political theory today relating to political agency, democratization, and the construction of political community. Leigh Jenco brings distinctive perspective to these questions and fruitfully models the practice of comparative political theory, In both its substance and its methods, the book breaks new ground." Sharon R. Krause, Brown University

Democratic political theory often sees collective action as the basis for non-coercive social change, assuming that its terms and practices are always self-evident and accessible. But what if we find ourselves in situations where collective action is not immediately available, or even widely intelligible? This book examines one of the most intellectually substantive and influential Chinese thinkers of the early twentieth century, Zhang Shizhao (1881-1973), who insisted that it is individuals who must "make the political" before social movements or self-aware political communities have materialized. Zhang draws from British liberalism, democratic theory, and late imperial Confucianism to formulate new roles for effective individual action on personal, social, and institutional registers, in the process, he offers a vision of community thatturns not on spontaneous consent or convergence on a shared goal, but on ongoing acts of exemplariness that inaugurate new, unpredictable contexts for effective personal action.

'The account of political founding in Making the Political is of great significance today: Zhang Shizhao's insights speak to the dilemmas of those faced with collapsing or unstable polities, and lessons from his work challenge fundamental themes in political theory. Equally important, Jenco's method - careful scholarship based on the Chinese sources combined with a dynamic use of contemporary theory to interrogate and amplify Zhang's arguments - make the book a model for future, globally informed theorizing.' Stephen C. Angle, Wesleyan University, Connecticut 'This is an original and important piece of work that addresses a range of debates in political theory today relating to political agency, democratization, and the construction of political community. Leigh K. Jenco brings distinctive perspective to these questions and fruitfully models the practice of comparative political theory. In both its substance and its methods, the book breaks new ground.' Sharon R. Krause, Brown University, Rhode Island

Prefacep. ix
Notes on the textp. xiv
Introduction
Making the politicalp. 3
Thinking from the early Republic: some methodological considerations on "comparative political theory"p. 6
Founding and paradoxp. 12
Chapter summaryp. 15
Zhang's "democracy"p. 22
Zhang Shizhao and his worldp. 29
China at the turn of the twentieth centuryp. 29
Zhang's life and thoughtp. 34
The Tigerp. 38
The turn to "political theory"p. 41
Founding
The founding paradoxp. 45
The first paradox: mass versus elitep. 48
The second paradox: constituting authorityp. 50
A Chinese founding narrative: the social contractp. 53
Another Chinese founding narrative: "making the political lies in people"p. 58
The nexus of efficacy and legitimacyp. 65
Conclusionp. 69
"Rule by man" and "rule by law"p. 72
"Rule by man" ideals in early Republican Chinap. 76
Liang Qichao and "the cause of society"p. 83
Zhang Shizhao's "rule by law" argumentsp. 89
Conclusionp. 98
Public, private, and the politicalp. 103
Gong and sip. 104
Public action as political actionp. 111
The problem of feasibilityp. 116
Making the personal politicalp. 125
A return to foundingp. 130
Conclusionp. 133
Action
Self-awarenessp. 137
The T of The Tigerp. 139
The problem of the theoristp. 144
The literatus posturep. 147
Self-awareness as political actionp. 154
Conclusionp. 159
The self-use of talentp. 162
Using talentp. 164
Talent and virtuep. 171
Federalismp. 176
Talent and democracyp. 185
Conclusionp. 190
Accommodationp. 193
Sameness and differencep. 195
The practice of difference: revisiting the "public way"p. 206
The public and its problemsp. 215
A balancing democracyp. 221
Conclusionp. 223
Conclusion: A return to beginningsp. 226
An inner-outer axis of actionp. 227
Toward the development of (a) Chinese political theoryp. 233
notes on translated termsp. 237
Fazhi, "rule by law"p. 237
Gongdao, "the public way"p. 239
Guo, "polity"p. 240
Liguo, "founding" or "polity-founding"p. 241
Ren, "persons" or "individuals"p. 241
Renzhi, "rule by man"p. 242
Tiaohe, "accommodation"p. 243
Wei zheng, "to make the political"p. 246
Zijue, "self-awareness"p. 247
Character listp. 248
Bibliographyp. 258
Indexp. 277
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521760607
ISBN-10: 0521760607
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 296
Published: 12th July 2010
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.61