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Making the Grade : A Self-Worth Perspective on Motivation and School Reform - Martin V. Covington

Making the Grade

A Self-Worth Perspective on Motivation and School Reform

Hardcover Published: 24th April 1992
ISBN: 9780521342612
Number Of Pages: 364

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Achievement behavior in schools can be understood best in terms of students' attempts to maintain a positive self-image. For many students, expending effort is frightening because a combination of effort and failure implies low ability. They have a variety of techniques for avoiding failure, ranging from cheating to setting goals that are so easily achieved that no risk is involved. Although teachers usually reward achievement and punish lack of effort, for many students risking the sense of defeat that comes from trying hard and not succeeding is too daunting. In Making the Grade, Martin Covington extracts powerful educational implications from self-worth theory and other contemporary views that will be useful for educators, parents, and all people concerned with the educational dilemmas we face.

Industry Reviews

'This is a worthy book which revivifies one of the most tired topics in educational psychology. On its first page, Peter Drucker is quoted thus: 'We know nothing about motivation. All we do is write books about it.' On reaching its final page this has been totally contradicted: by reading this book you will know a good deal about motivation particularly as an antidote for learners in cynical modern educational contexts. With Covington motivation is always a fresh topic.' Tom Phillips, Vocational Aspect of Education 'The book is very readable, insightful, and sensible. It offers a framework for curriculum planning, raises questions concerning what should be the goals of education, and suggests some meaningful ways schools can prepare students for the future.' Educational Researcher 'An extensive and thoughtful conversation about achievement behaviour (motivation). It is a book that is hard to put down if one is seriously inquiring into the topic.' Choice

The Future and its Discontents: Prospects for building the future
The failure to learn: A motivational analysis
A moral tale
Motives as Emotions: Need achievement
The model: B = M x P x I
Analysis and critique
Further educational implications
Motives as thoughts: Cognitions versus emotions
Analysis and critique
Educational implications
Self-Worth and the Fear of Failure: Self-worth theory of achievement motivation
An arsenal of excuses
Motivated cognitions and coping
Achievement Anxiety: A brief history
Reducing anxiety
The Competitive Learning Game: The structure of learning
Scarcity of rewards
Competition and minorities
Motivational Equity and the Will to Learn: The problem
Global gambit
Strategic Thinking and the Will to Learn: What is thinking?
The evidence
Strategic problems
Problem discovery
The transfer of knowledge
Analysis and conclusions
An Immodest Proposal: Serious games
Playing school
Schools and jobs
Prospects and conclusions
Obstacles to Change: The myths of competition
If not competition, then what?
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521342612
ISBN-10: 0521342619
Series: Making the Grade
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 364
Published: 24th April 1992
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.8 x 15.2  x 2.4
Weight (kg): 0.7