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Making Democracy Work : Civic Traditions in Modern Italy - Robert D. Putnam

Making Democracy Work

Civic Traditions in Modern Italy

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Published: 27th May 1994
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Why do some democratic governments succeed and others fail? In a book that has received attention from policymakers and civic activists in America and around the world, Robert Putnam and his collaborators offer empirical evidence for the importance of "civic community" in developing successful institutions. Their focus is on a unique experiment begun in 1970 when Italy created new governments for each of its regions. After spending two decades analyzing the efficacy of these governments in such fields as agriculture, housing, and health services, they reveal patterns of associationism, trust, and cooperation that facilitate good governance and economic prosperity.

Winner of the 1994 Charles H. Levine Memorial Book Prize Winner of the 1994 Gregory Luebbert Award Winner of the 1993 Louis Brownlow Book Award, National Academy of Public Administration Honorable Mention for the 1993 Award for Best Professional/Scholarly Book in Government and Political Science, Association of American Publishers "Seminal, epochal, path-breaking: All those overworked words apply to a book that, to make the point brazenly, is a Democracy in America for our times."--David L. Kirp, The Nation "A great work of social science, worthy to rank alongside de Tocqueville, Pareto, and Weber... If [Putnam's] claims about the essential conditions of successful democracy are correct (and they almost certainly are), then politicians and political scientists alike will have to think again about democracy's prospects in Asia, Latin America, and Eastern Europe."--The Economist "A remarkable study of 'civic traditions.'"--Steven Lukes, The Times Literary Supplement "It is rare that one comes across a classic in political science, yet in Robert D. Putnam's Making Democracy Work we undoubtedly have one... Mr. Putnam's seminal work addresses in a rigorously empirical way the central question of democratic theory: What makes democratic institutions stable and effective? ... [His] findings strikingly corroborate the political theory of civic humanism, according to which strong and free government depends on a virtuous and public-spirited citizenry--on an undergirding civic community... One crucial implication of Making Democracy Work is that feeble and corrupt government, operating against the background of a weak and uncivic society, tends not to foster the creation of wealth, but rather to renew poverty. Overmighty government may stifle economic initiative. But enfeebled government and unrepresentative government kills it, or diverts it into corruption and criminality... This may not, perhaps, be a universal truth; but it is directly relevant to the prospects of democracy in the United States today."--The New York Times Book Review

List of Figures
List of Tables
Preface
Introduction: Studying Institutional Performancep. 3
A Voyage of Inquiryp. 3
Charting the Voyagep. 7
Methods of Inquiryp. 12
Changing the Rules: Two Decades of Institutional Developmentp. 17
Creating Regional Governmentp. 18
The Regional Political Elite: "A New Way of Doing Politics"p. 26
The Deepening of Regional Autonomyp. 38
Putting Down Roots: The Region and its Constituentsp. 47
Measuring Institutional Performancep. 63
Twelve Indicators of Institutional Performancep. 65
Coherence and Reliability of the Index of Institutional Performancep. 73
Institutional Performance and Constituency Evaluationsp. 76
Explaining Institutional Performancep. 83
Socioeconomic Modernityp. 83
The Civic Community: Some Theoretical Speculationsp. 86
The Civic Community: Testing the Theoryp. 91
Social and Political Life in the Civic Communityp. 99
Other Explanations for Institutional Success?p. 116
Tracing the Roots of the Civic Communityp. 121
The Civic Legacies of Medieval Italyp. 121
Civic Traditions After Unificationp. 137
Measuring the Durability of Civic Traditionsp. 148
Economic Development and Civic Traditionsp. 152
Social Capital and Institutional Successp. 163
Dilemmas of Collective Actionp. 163
Social Capital, Trust, and Rotating Credit Associationsp. 167
Norms of Reciprocity and Networks of Civic Engagementp. 171
History and Institutional Performance: Two Social Equilibriap. 177
Lessons from the Italian Regional Experimentp. 181
Appendix A: Research Methodsp. 187
Appendix B: Statistical Evidence on Attitude Change among Regional Councilorsp. 193
Appendix C: Institutional Performance (1978-1985)p. 198
Appendix D: Regional Abbreviations Used in Scattergramsp. 200
Appendix E: Local Government Performance (1982-1986) and Regional Government Performance (1978-1985)p. 201
Appendix F: Traditions of Civic Involvement (1860-1920)p. 205
Notesp. 207
Indexp. 249
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780691037387
ISBN-10: 0691037388
Series: Princeton Paperbacks
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 280
Published: 27th May 1994
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.4 x 15.6  x 1.6
Weight (kg): 0.41