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Making Comparisons Count : Studies in Ethics - Ruth Chang

Making Comparisons Count

Studies in Ethics

Hardcover Published: 7th February 2002
ISBN: 9780815337829
Number Of Pages: 214

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The central aim of this book is to answer two questions: Are the alternatives for choice ever incomparable? And, in what ways can items be compared? The arguments offered suggest that alternatives for choice no matter how different are never incomparable, and that the ways in which items can be compared are richer and more varied than commonly supposed. Investigation of comparability and incomparability is of critical importance because, as argued, there can be no justified choice among incomparable alternatives. The existence of widespread incomparability, then, undermines the possibility of leading lives of reason. The arguments against incomparability in the work and for a broad conception of comparability serve to vindicate the incomparability, value and practical reason

Preface to the Routledge Edition
Incomparability and Comparisons
Incomparability: The Basic Notionp. 1
The Structure of Values and Comparisons of Bearersp. 10
Numerical Representation: The Standard Modelp. 25
The Normativity of Comparisons
What Justifies Choice?p. 41
Setting the Stage for Comparativismp. 43
Optimizingp. 46
Alternatives to Optimizingp. 48
Comparisons and Justifying Forcep. 55
A Challenge to Comparativism: Brute Desiresp. 61
Is There Incomparability?
The Diversity of Valuesp. 71
Bidirectionalityp. 75
Calculationp. 75
Rational Irresolvability of Conflictp. 76
The Incomparability of Valuesp. 78
The Lack of a Common Valuep. 84
Against Constitutive Incomparability
Constitutive Incomparabilityp. 95
Mere Market Goodsp. 96
Razp. 97
Critiquep. 101
Andersonp. 108
Emphatic Comparisons: A Sketchp. 113
The Possibility of Parity
The Small Improvement Argument: Particular Versionp. 123
The Small Improvement Argument: Abstract Versionp. 127
Against Incomparability: The Pareto Argumentp. 129
The Small Improvement and Pareto Arguments Revisited: Is Parity Vagueness?p. 136
Parityp. 141
Vagueness, Incomparability, and Parity
Incomparability as Vaguenessp. 155
Determinate and Indeterminate Failure Revisitedp. 157
Multiple Rankings and Parityp. 168
Bibliographyp. 177
Indexp. 185
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780815337829
ISBN-10: 0815337825
Series: Studies in Ethics
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 214
Published: 7th February 2002
Publisher: GARLAND PUB
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.52 x 15.6  x 1.78
Weight (kg): 0.44
Edition Number: 1

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