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Majnun : The Madman in Medieval Islamic Society - Michael W. Dols


The Madman in Medieval Islamic Society

Hardcover Published: 1st October 1992
ISBN: 9780198202219
Number Of Pages: 560

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This is a study of madness in the medieval Islamic world. Using a wide variety of sources--historical, literary, and art--the late Michael Dols explores beliefs about madness in Islamic society and examines attitudes towards individuals afflicted by mental illness or disability. The book demonstrates the links between Christian and Muslim medical beliefs and practices, and traces the influence of certain Christian beliefs, such as miracle-working, on Islamic practices. It breaks new ground in analyzing the notions of the romantic fool, the wise fool, and the holy fool in medieval Islam within the framework of perceptions of mental illness. It shows that the madman was not regarded as a pariah, an outcast, or a scapegoat. This is a comprehensive and original work, with insights into magic, medicine, and religion that combine to broaden our understanding of medieval Islamic society.

he has left an enduring legacy in his study of madness in medieval Islam ... His book will without doubt be the standard work on the subject for years to come. Encyclopaedic in scope, ranging from Galenic medicine to popular beliefs, from prophetic medicine to holy healing, from literary madmen to the cult of saints, it incorporates a wealth of materials from a wide variety of sources ... his book is a pioneering contribution, and its value should not be underestimated ... the book should be compulsory reading for anyone interested in this fascinating and complex subject. * Julie Scott Meisami, Oriental Institute, Oxford, Journal of Islamic Studies, Vol. 7, 1, Jan '96 * A work of great erudition. * Aziz Al-Azmeh, History Workshop Journal, Vol. 41, '96 * anyone who is interested in anthropological, historical or legal aspects of mental illness or deviant behaviour will find the contents extremely interesting. No one with an interest in transcultural psychiatry or Islamic society can find it less than totally fascinating. * British Journal of Medical Psychology * no one has done a comprehensive study. At long last, Michael Dols has done exactly that and created a magnificent piece of scholarship...this is a major contribution not only to the field of Middle Eastern studies, but also to the field of medical and psychiatric history. It is essential reading for anyone interested in medical or intellectual history. * International Journal of Middle East Studies * 'The most striking feature of this book is the deep interest of the author to know his unusual subject without passing any judgements himself. The meticulously researched details only serve to make this book a more fascinating read.' Maryam Jameelah, Muslim World Book Review, 15, no. 2, 1995 'impressively wide-ranging monograph ... The range and thoroughness of Dols's Majnun means that his book has permanent value as a chrestomathy.' Times Literary Supplement `Michael Dols' majestic survey of the place of madness and the madman in Islamic society is a tour de force ... Dols has undertaken a breathtakingly extensive journey through obscure as well as well-known texts in diverse fields.' Newsline, October 1993

List of Illustrations
Introductionp. 1
Healing, Natural and Supernatural: Medicine, Religion, and Magic
Galen and Mental Illnessp. 17
Galen into Arabicp. 38
The Reformulation of Greek Medicinep. 48
Medical Madnessp. 62
al-Majusip. 62
Ishaq ibn Imranp. 70
Ibn Sinap. 73
Pathologyp. 91
Syndromesp. 92
Treatmentp. 102
Other Causes of Insanityp. 104
The Treatment of the Insanep. 112
Hospital Carep. 112
Familial Carep. 135
Psychotherapyp. 157
Religious Healing: The Judaeo-Christian Backgroundp. 174
Religious Healing in Islamp. 211
Muhammad and the Demonsp. 211
Holy Healingp. 223
Prophetic Healingp. 243
The Theory of Magic in Healingp. 261
The Practice of Magic in Healingp. 274
Perception: Profane and Sacred
The Romantic Foolp. 313
Majnun and Laylap. 320
Zulaykha and Josephp. 340
Kamar az-Zaman and Budurp. 345
The Wise Foolp. 349
The Holy Foolp. 366
The Fool for Christ's Sakep. 366
The Fool for God's Sakep. 374
Ascetic Aesthetesp. 375
Feigned and Cultivated Madnessp. 379
Mystical Madnessp. 388
Latter-day Saintsp. 410
Unreason: Privilege and Deprivation
Insanity in Islamic Lawp. 425
Backgroundp. 425
Islamic Lawp. 434
The State and the Insanep. 456
Conclusionsp. 475
Appendices: Translations
Sarabiyun ibn Ibrahim, al-Fusul al-muhimmah, Bodl. Hunt. MS 461, ch. 9, fos. 39b-40a: Three Cases of Melancholia by Rufus of Ephesusp. 479
Ibn Sina, al-Qanun, Bulaq edn., vol. ii, pp. 63-5: On Mania and Rabiesp. 481
Ibn Sina, al-Qanun, Bulaq edn., vol. ii, pp. 71-3: Lovesicknessp. 484
Bibliographyp. 486
Indicesp. 517
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780198202219
ISBN-10: 0198202210
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 560
Published: 1st October 1992
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.7 x 16.2  x 3.8
Weight (kg): 1.08