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Low-Voltage CMOS RF Frequency Synthesizers - Howard Cam Luong

Low-Voltage CMOS RF Frequency Synthesizers

Hardcover

Published: 1st August 2004
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A frequency synthesizer is one of the most critical building blocks in any wireless transceiver system. Its design is getting more and more challenging as the demand for low-voltage low-power high-frequency wireless systems continuously grows. As the supply voltage is decreased, many existing design techniques are no longer applicable. This book provides the reader with architectures and design techniques to enable CMOS frequency synthesizers to operate at low supply voltage at high frequency with good phase noise and low power consumption. In addition to updating the reader on many of these techniques in depth, this book will also introduce useful guidelines and step-by-step procedure on behaviour simulations of frequency synthesizers. Finally, three successfully demonstrated CMOS synthesizer prototypes with detailed design consideration and description will be elaborated to illustrate potential applications of the architectures and design techniques described. For engineers, managers and researchers working in radio-frequency integrated-circuit design for wireless applications.

'... as is usual with this series of books, it is well written and produced with a judicious mix of equations and text ... This title is essential reading for all engineers in such fields as mobile telephony and wireless data transfer, as well as for students.' IEE Communications Engineer '... is intended to supplement the very few books published on the subject with more comprehensive and in-depth description of building blocks and synthesizer systems ... will be of interest to engineers, managers, and researchers working in radio-frequency integrated-circuit design for wireless applications.' Iasi Polytechnic Magazine

List of figuresp. vii
List of tablesp. xiii
Prefacep. xv
Acknowledgementsp. xvii
Introductionp. 1
Motivationp. 1
Book organizationp. 3
Synthesizer fundamentalsp. 5
Introductionp. 5
Timing jitterp. 6
Phase noisep. 7
Phase-locked loopp. 10
Synthesizer architecturep. 20
Design of building blocksp. 28
Voltage-controlled oscillators (VCOs)p. 28
Dividersp. 44
Prescalerp. 49
Phase-frequency detectors (PFDs)p. 55
Charge pumpp. 59
Loop filterp. 63
Inductor designp. 66
Varactor designp. 74
Switched-capacitor array (SCA)p. 78
Low-voltage design considerations and techniquesp. 80
Introductionp. 80
System considerationsp. 80
Voltage-controlled oscillatorsp. 81
Divide-by-2 circuitp. 82
High-speed clock bufferp. 84
Prescaler designp. 85
Charge pumpp. 85
Behavioral simulationp. 88
Introductionp. 88
Linear modelp. 88
Mathematical modelp. 91
Behavioral model using AC analysisp. 95
Behavioral model using transient analysisp. 97
A 2 V 900 MHz monolithic CMOS dual-loop frequency synthesizer for GSM receiversp. 100
Design specificationp. 100
Circuit implementationp. 104
Experimental resultsp. 116
A 1.5 V 900 MHz monolithic CMOS fast-switching frequency synthesizer for wireless applicationsp. 126
Introductionp. 126
Proposed synthesizer architecturep. 127
System specification and considerationp. 129
Circuit implementationp. 133
Layout considerationp. 141
Experimental resultsp. 145
Performance summary and evaluationp. 148
A 1 V 5.2 GHz fully integrated CMOS synthesizer for WLAN IEEE 802.11ap. 152
WLAN overviewp. 152
Design specificationp. 153
Synthesizer architecturep. 154
Quadrature phase generationp. 156
Behavioral simulationp. 157
Circuit implementationp. 157
Experimental resultsp. 167
Referencesp. 173
Indexp. 179
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521837774
ISBN-10: 0521837774
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 198
Published: 1st August 2004
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 25.5 x 18.0  x 1.6
Weight (kg): 0.58