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Love in America : Gender and Self-Development - Francesca M. Cancian

Love in America

Gender and Self-Development

Paperback Published: 31st December 1990
ISBN: 9780521396912
Number Of Pages: 224

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In the last twenty-five years, Americans have gained considerable freedom in thier personal lives. Relationships are now more flexible, and self-development has become a primary goal for both men and women. Most scholars have criticized this trend to greater freedom, arguing that it undermines family bonds and promotes selfishness and extreme independence, Francesca Cancian is more optimistic. In this book she shows that many American couples succeed in combining self-development with commitment, and that interdependence, not independence, is their ideal. In interdependent relationships, love and self-development do not conflict, but reinforce each other. Love in America compares 'traditional' forms of marriage with these newer forms of close relationships. Starting with the nineteenth century, Cancian shows how gender roles became polarized, with love, which was identified with emotional expression, no practical help, being the responsibility of women, while self-development was regarded as a masculine concern. These traditional images of love and relationships are still held by many Americans today, even though, as Cancian points out, this can lead to marital conflict and individual stress and illness. By contrast, new images of love, emphasizing self-development for men and women and flexible, androgynous roles, began to emerge around 1900, accelerating in the 1960s. She concludes that this trend to self-development and androgyny will continue, but that whether it will lead to more interdependent relationships, or to more independence and isolation, depends partly on economic and political changes in the wider society. The evidence for Cancian's argument comes from sociological, historical, and psychological sources. Her book will interest readers in these disciplines, as well s appeal to a wide general audience.

"Amid the plethora of scholarly and popular books on the current state of love, marriage, and community life in the United States, Francesca Cancian's Love in America stands out as a welcome and needed contribution. Drawing on survey findings, in-depth interviews, and content analysis of popular magazines, it offers an original account of the range of love relationships that has emerged in recent decades as women and men 'have gained considerable freedom in their personal lives'. The book also provides a well-reasoned and convincing rebuttal to the prevalent view that modern structural and cultural arrangements produce the disintegration of close, enduring personal bonds." American Journal of Sociology

List of figures and tablesp. vii
Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Introduction
Love vs. self-developmentp. 3
The History Of Love
The feminization of love in the nineteenth centuryp. 15
From role to self: the emergence of androgynous love in the twentieth centuryp. 30
The history of love: theories and debatesp. 49
Feminized Love And Its Costs
Feminine and masculine lovep. 69
Illness and split gender rolesp. 81
Marital conflict over intimacyp. 91
Androgynous Love
Self-development through androgynous lovep. 105
Androgynous love in marriagep. 122
Friends and relativesp. 134
Conclusion
Current trends and future possibilitiesp. 149
Study of close relationships in southern Californiap. 157
Trends in magazine articles on marriagep. 163
The rise and fall of women's movementsp. 164
Biology and genderp. 165
Notesp. 168
Referencesp. 188
Indexp. 206
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521396912
ISBN-10: 0521396913
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 224
Published: 31st December 1990
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.8 x 15.2  x 1.3
Weight (kg): 0.34