PART I THE CRITIQUE OF REASON CONTINUED: FROM LOGOS TO ANTI-LOGOS 1. THE NEW CRITIQUE OF REASON A new critique of reason is the crucial task imposed on the philosophy of our times as we emerge more and more from so-called "modernism" into a historical phase which will have to take its own paths and find its own determination. It may be considered that the main developmental line of modern times in its philosophy as well as in its culture at large was traced by the Cartesian cogito. The unfolding of Occidental philos ophy has culminated in reason or intellect's being awarded the central place. This is its specific trait. We can see a direct line of progression from the cogito to Kant's Critique. It is no wonder that this work is the landmark of modern philosophy. Kant's Critique was concerned with the foundation of the sciences. Edmund-Husserllaunched a second major, renewed, critique of reason, one which addresses not only the critical situation of the sciences but extends the critique even to the situation of Occidental culture as its malaise is diagnosed by this great thinker. Edmund Husserl voiced, in fact, the conviction that Occidental humanity has reached in our age the peak of its unfolding. His identify ing this peak with the formulation of phenomenological philosophy strikes at the point in which the significant and novel developments of Occidental culture and philosophy (phenomenology, that is) coincide.
Foreground.- I / Toward the Extended Phenomenology of The Soul: The Soul as the "Soil" of Life's Forces and the Transmitter of Life's Constructive Progress from the Primeval Logos of Life to Its Annihilation in the Anti-Logos of Man's "Transnatural Telos".- Section 1. The Husserlian Conception of the Human "Soul".- (a) Edmund Husserl brought the notion of the "soul" into particular prominence.- (b) Roman Ingarden proceeds in a similar vein.- Section 2. The Reversing of Direction: The Soul Within the Life-Context.- (a) The human soul in its own unique right breaks through the creative orchestration.- (b) The Soul within the life-context.- Section 3. The New Perspective: The Soul as the "Subliminal Soil" of Individualized Life.- Section 4. The Open-Ended Vibrating Nature of the Subliminal Soul.- Section 5. The "Three Movements of the Soul".- Section 6. A Perusal of the Phenomenological Approaches to the Study of Religion.- Section 7. The Phenomenology of "Inward Sacredness" in the Human Condition.- II / In Which the Principles of a New Phenomenological Explication of Spiritual Interiority, as Well as an Outline of its Philosophical Interpretation, are Proposed.- Section 1. The Spiritual "Phenomenon" and the Constituted World.- Section 2. The Spiritual Act versus the Constitutive Act of Human Consciousness.- Section 3. The Origin of the Autonomous Spiritual Act as Conjectured from Its Manifest Features.- Section 4. The Genesis of the Spiritual Act and Its Criteria for Validity as They Appear in the Perspective of the Objectivity of Life.- Section 5. The Double Telos of the Spiritual Act and the Attainment of the Fullness of a Transcending Act.- Section 6. Is there a Spiritual "Phenomenon"?.- Section 7. The "Spiritual Phenomenon".- Section 8. The Radical Phenomenological Precept: Fidelity to Pure Intuition.- One The First Movement of The Soul: Radical Examination.- I / "Radical Examination" and the Current of Man's Life.- Section 1. Two Modes of Systematic Examination in the Natural Current of Man's Life.- Section 2. The Common Coordinates of These Two Methods of Examination: The Irreversibility of Formative Advancement.- Section 3. The Counter-Current of Reflection on the Past, and the Perspectives of Interpretation.- Section 4. Some Interpretations, and the Identity of the Self.- Section 5. The First Movement of the Soul: Radical Examination.- II / The Second Movement of the Soul: Exalted Existence. The Discovery of the Finiteness of Life (Does the Soul Have Its Very Own Resources and Hidden Means for Passing beyond This Finitude ?).- Section 1. "Exalted Existence" and the Finiteness of Life.- Section 2. The "Sacred River".- Section 3. Understanding in Spiritual Life.- Section 4. The Laborious Origin of Intuition.- III / The Third Movement of the Soul: Toward Transcending.- Section 1. The Inauguration of the Spiritual Life.- Section 2. Intuitive Aspiration in Search of a "Passing Beyond" Finitude.- Section 3. Specific Resources: Continuity and the Work of the "Moment".- Section 4. The Quest for the Absolute.- Two Progress in the Life of the Soul as the Logos of Life Declines.- I / Inward "Communication".- Section 1. The Ways and Modes of Personal Communication.- Section 2. The Accent on Passive Opening and the Lived Results: Illusory "Communication" with Our Cosmic Origins (Cosmic Spirituality).- Section 3. The Accent on Dynamic Cooperation with the Work of Creation: Communication with Other People.- Section 4. The Death and Birth of Values in the Heart of Others.- Section 5. Pessimism Vanquished in the Creative and Heroic Effort of Existence: The Roots of the Soul in Vital Spontaneities.- Section 6. Love and Transcendence in the Work of Dostoyevsky.- II / "Personal Truth" and the Essential Point of Communiscation.- Section 1. Unilateral Confrontation.- Section 2. Communication in the Creative Effort.- Section 3. One Can also Point to "Metaphysical" Communication.- Section 4. Communication: The Impulse to Transcend the Contingent Boundaries Which Man Has Himself Created within and without.- Section 5. Man's Self-Ciphering Through Communication in the Sacred.- Three The Secret Architecture of the Soul.- I / The Establishment of the "Inward Sacredness" of the Soul's Quest.- Section 1. The "Vertebral Column".- Section 2. Discovery or Invention?.- Section 3. Creative Activity in the Pursuit of Spiritual Destiny.- Section 4. "Diem vivere": The Expansion of Ecstatic States; The "High Tonality" of the Soul.- Section 5. Criticism of Reason and the Discovery of the Complete Resources of Nature.- Section 6. The Motif.- (a) Motif and retribution.- (b) The motif and heroic existence.- (c) Loving Providence: The Unique Witness ("Divine Love" in the soul).- (d) The arch-motif of the transcending.- Section 7. Time and Eternity.- II / The Dianoiac Thread of the Logos Running Through Our Polyphonic Exploration of the Pursuit of Destiny: Creative Self-Interpretation between the Self and the Other.- Section 1. A Reprise of the Critique of Reason and a Reproach to Inadequate Critiques: Creativity in the Ciphering of Inward Sacredness.- Section 2. Closure of the Critique of Reason / The Phenomenology of the Creative Act of Man as the Key to the Unity of Reason within Life's Constructive Spread.- (a) A Copernican Revolution at the Heart of Phenomenology.- (b) The Archimedean Point of the Unity of Reason within Life's Constructive Spread.- Notes.- Index of Names.- of Book 1.
Series: Analecta Husserliana: The Yearbook of Phenomenological Research : Book 2
Number Of Pages: 220
Published: 31st October 1988
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6
Weight (kg): 0.37