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Locke on Essence and Identity : Philosophical Studies Series - Christopher Hughes Conn

Locke on Essence and Identity

Philosophical Studies Series

Hardcover Published: 1st October 2003
ISBN: 9781402016707
Number Of Pages: 212

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This book is a study of John Locke's metaphysics of organisms and persons, with particular emphasis on his theory of identity through time and his conventionalism with respect to kinds and essences. After presenting three arguments for thinking that the organisms and persons in Locke's ontology have both spatial and temporal extent, the author argues that on a four-dimensional ontology there is no contradiction between Locke's theory of identity and his rejection of essentialism.

Prefacep. ix
Introductionp. 1
Substances, Essences, and Kindsp. 1
Substances and the Spatiotemporal Worldp. 1
Substances and their propertiesp. 8
Essential properties and natural kindsp. 10
Identity and Persistencep. 12
Identityp. 12
Persistencep. 20
Identity, persistence, and Lockean anti-essentialismp. 22
A brief look aheadp. 24
Locke's Critique of Essentialismp. 25
Locke on the Accident al/Essential Property Distinctionp. 26
The sortal relativity of essential propertiesp. 26
Unsorted particulars and accidental propertiesp. 28
Real essences of sorted and unsorted particularsp. 30
Locke on the Nature and Existence of Natural Kindsp. 32
The "second opinion" regarding natural kindsp. 33
The "first opinion" regarding natural kindsp. 36
Locke's epistemological and semantic arguments against real kindsp. 40
Locke's appeal to monsters and changelingsp. 44
Locke on the Classification of Corporeal Substancesp. 47
Sorting particulars into kindsp. 47
Forming sortal conceptsp. 49
Locke on Kinds and Particularsp. 53
Locke's Theory of Identityp. 55
Locke's Concept of Identityp. 56
The psychological origin of this conceptp. 56
Diachronic and synchronic identity-statementsp. 57
Locke's Principle of Individuationp. 62
Locke's argument for the principium individuationisp. 63
Three objectionsp. 71
Identity and the Ideas of Thingsp. 74
General ideas and persistence conditionsp. 75
Locke and the relative identity thesisp. 83
Does Locke have a Consistent Theory of Identity?p. 92
Two accounts of persistencep. 93
A metaphysical dilemmap. 96
Locke on the Persistence of Organisms and Personsp. 101
Organisms and their Material Partsp. 102
Atoms and massesp. 102
Organisms, Masses, and Livesp. 103
Locke's Organismic Theory of Personal Identityp. 113
Persons, consciousness, and the nature of thinking substancesp. 113
Consciousness as the "life" of personsp. 123
What consciousness might dop. 126
The temporal extent of Lockean organismsp. 133
The temporal extent of human personsp. 135
Organisms, persons, and their temporal stagesp. 136
Locke's Thought Experiments and Problem Casesp. 139
Cases involving lapses of memoryp. 140
Cases involving two persons and one manp. 141
Cases involving one person and two menp. 142
The case of the conscious, severed fingerp. 143
Conclusionp. 144
Objections and Repliesp. 147
The Charge of Anachronismp. 148
Initial responsep. 148
Some historical counterexamples to the charge of anachronismp. 150
Locke's views on space and timep. 155
Four-dimensional Bodies and the Corpuscularian Hypothesisp. 161
The temporal extent of Lockean atoms and massesp. 161
Locke and Newton on the creation of material corpusclesp. 163
The temporal extent of Newtonian bodiesp. 168
The mobility of temporally extended bodiesp. 170
Conclusionp. 173
Relativistic Anti-essentialism and a Four-dimensional Lockean Ontologyp. 175
The Anti-essentialist Implications of a Four-dimensional Lockean Ontologyp. 176
The sortal relativity of four-dimensional persistence conditionsp. 176
Four-dimensional persistence conditions and the relative identity thesisp. 177
Four-dimensional persistence conditions and Lockean anti-essentialismp. 178
Two Objectionsp. 181
A three-dimensionalist alternativep. 182
An alleged essentialist implication of four-dimensionalismp. 184
Conclusionp. 190
Bibliograpyp. 193
Indexp. 205
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781402016707
ISBN-10: 1402016700
Series: Philosophical Studies Series
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 212
Published: 1st October 2003
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 1.42
Weight (kg): 0.5