This book examines the evolution of intergovernmental relations in postwar Japan. These relations are shown to be both complex and dynamic, and the Japanese model is revealed as one in which aspects of both central control and local autonomy have co-existed with the balance shifting gradually over time towards the latter. The Japanese system has helped to maintain broad-based economic growth since it has at its core a strongly egalitarian fiscal transfer mechanism.
At the same time, it has proved to be consistent, to a much greater extent than previously recognized, with political development, or progress in the attainment of such political values as liberty (personal rights) and equality (broad participation in public affairs) for individuals and communities.
This is because the national government has proved flexible enough to accommodate, although not always with grace or alacrity, citizen concerns about the quality of life. The Japanese approach to intergovernmental relationships has also been successful in solving coordination problems which often arise between local and central government units and in building capacity to support greater and effective decentralization. Coordination problems have been handled through a variety of mechanisms
including the practice of agency delegated functions, while local capacity issues have been addressed through such practices as the exchange of personnel across different levels of government and the use of attractive compensation and training packages to recruit and retain local staff. The Japanese
experience thus provides an example of gradual and guided decentralization based on shared responsibilities between local and central governments for mobilizing, managing, and spending public resources in the pursuit of sustainable development.
... for those who see merit in administrative effectiveness as well as narrowly defined efficiency, there is much to consider here. * Political Studies Review *
1: Michio Muramatsu and Farrukh Iqbal: Understanding Japanese Central-Local Government Relations: Perspectives, Models, and Salient Characteristics
2: Terry MacDougall: Towards Political Inclusiveness: The Changing Role of Local Government
3: Kengo Akizuki: Partnership in Controlled Decentralization: Local Governments and the Ministry of Home Affairs
4: Nobuki Mochida: Local Taxes and Intergovernmental Transfers in Japan's Local Public Finances
5: Steven R. Reed: Impersonal Mechanisms and Personal Networks in the Distribution of Central Grants to Local Governments in Japan
6: Takenori Inoki: An Analysis of Staff Loans and Transfers Among Central and Local Governments in Japan
7: Hiroaki Inatsugu: Personnel Pay Systems and Organizations of Local Governments
8: Masaru Mabuchi: Municipal Amalgamation in Japan
9: Ikuo Kume: The Agency-Delegated Function and its Implications
10: Toshiya Kitayama: Local Policy Initiatives in Integrated Central-Local Relations
11: Michio Muramatsu, Ikuo Kume, Farrukh Iqbal: Local Government Development: Some Lessons of Experience from Japan
Number Of Pages: 272
Published: 1st January 2002
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.3 x 16.2
Weight (kg): 0.52