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'Living archaeology,' says Richard Gould, 'is ethnoarchaeology in the active voice'. Using as case studies his own observations of Australian Aborigines, and those of others, the author presents a unified theory of ethnoarchaeology. He demonstrates a reliable way to infer adaptive behavior in prehistoric communities by studying adaptive behavior in a contemporary society and noting the evidence of this behavior in material discards. Gould examines and dismisses the argument by analogy, long accepted as fundamental in earlier archaeological studies of this kind, and, as an alternative, he proposes the argument by anomaly. The book starts by recording a day in the life of a traditional Australian Desert Aborigine camp. the author identifies many social, verbal, and ideational interactions that would be difficult, if not impossible, to infer directly from the typical 'archaeological' remains of this non-material behavior. The book examines differences between actual as opposed to anticipated human behavior and suggests that understanding the reasons for these contrasts is what characterizes ethnoarchaeology at its best.
Introduction: archaeology and the totality of human behavior
Behavior and adaptation
Other adaptive models in Aboriginal Australia
The anthropology of human residues
The materialist approach in living archaeology
The importance of being different
Explaining the differences
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ISBN: 9780521299596 ISBN-10: 0521299594 Series: New Studies in Archaeology Audience:
Tertiary; University or College
Number Of Pages: 288 Published: 4th August 1980 Publisher: CAMBRIDGE UNIV PR Country of Publication: GB Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24
Weight (kg): 0.43