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Linking Research and Marketing Opportunities for Pulses in the 21st Century : Proceedings of the Third International Food Legumes Research Conference - R. Knight

Linking Research and Marketing Opportunities for Pulses in the 21st Century

Proceedings of the Third International Food Legumes Research Conference

By: R. Knight (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 31st January 2000
ISBN: 9780792355656
Number Of Pages: 707

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Food legumes (pulses) playa role in human nutrition and more recently as animal feed, in the developing world. They contain minerals and vitamins essential for a balanced diet in humans. In many developing countries food legumes provide the necessary protein and amino acids (in predominantly vegetarian India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Myanmar and Sri Lanka) and supplement the protein diet of people in other countries. Since 1980-82 per capita consumption has declined by 6 % in developing countries where relative pulse prices have gone up and consumption of animal protein (eg milk) has increased. The importance of legumes as animal feed is increasing. The compound growth rate for feed use during 1980-95 was 7. 97% compared to 1. 5% growth for food use during the same period (Kelly et aI. , 1997). As an integral part of farming systems, food legumes, in rotation with cereals and tuber crops, assist in maintaining soil fertility and the sustainability of production systems (Rego et aI. , 1996). Owing to higher prices in comparison with cereals, food legumes are increasingly being grown to supplement farmers' incomes. The major food legumes grown in developing countries are: dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris), faba bean (Vicia faba), dry pea (Pisum sativum), chickpea (Cicer arietinum), lentil (Lens culinaris), mung bean (Vigna radiata), black gram (Vigna mungo) pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) and Lathyrns ( Lathyrus sativus). Oil crops such as groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) and soybean (Glycine max) are food legumes but are not discussed in this paper.

About the Conference
Continuation of the IFLRC
Editorial Notes
The Pulse Economy in the Mid 1990s: A Review of Global and Regional Developmentsp. 1
Agricultural system intensification and diversification through food legumes: technological and policy optionsp. 31
Trends in support for research and development of cool season food legumes in the developing countriesp. 47
Trends in support for research and development of cool season food legumes in the developed countriesp. 59
Region 1: North Americap. 67
Region 2: South Americap. 71
Production and uses of grain legumes in the European Unionp. 79
Region 4: Sub-Sahara Africap. 99
Region 5: Near Eastp. 107
Region 6: Asia-Pacific: Meeting the Challengep. 115
Regional Review. The Australian scenep. 131
World and regional trade: quantity versus qualityp. 143
Processing and grain quality to meet market demandsp. 155
Produce quality: bulk and niche market opportunities for food and feedp. 167
Produce quality of food legumes: genotype (G), environment (E) and (GxE) considerationsp. 173
Breeding for yield; the direct approachp. 183
Breeding for increased biomass and persistent crop residues in cool-season food legumesp. 191
Direct and indirect influences of morphological variations on diseases, yield and qualityp. 199
Market Demands and Research Opportunities: addressing the supply/demand gap for pulsesp. 221
The impact of production from the Indian sub-continent on world trade in pulsesp. 235
Impact of Turkish marketing policies on world trade in pulsesp. 237
Trends in pulse crop diversification in western Canada and effects on world tradep. 243
Relations between demand and production of edible pulses for food and feed in Chinap. 251
Opportunities for improved adaptation via further domesticationp. 257
Using models to assess the value of traits of food legumes from a cropping systems perspectivep. 265
Autumn sowing of lentil in the Mediterranean highlands: Lessons for chickpeap. 279
Adaptation of chickpea and faba bean to Australiap. 289
Innovations in processing and marketing: lessons from the vertical integration of the U.S. soyabean industryp. 305
Opportunities for pulses in foods and non-food industrial processes by fractionationp. 311
The role of legumes in sustainable cereal production in rainfed areasp. 323
Nitrogen nutrition of legume crops and interactions with waterp. 335
Effects of reduced tillage on food legume productivityp. 347
Towards the more efficient use of water and nutrients in food legume croppingp. 355
Lathyrus sativus: a crop for harsh environmentsp. 369
When and where will vetches have an impact as grain legumes?p. 375
Impact of biotechnological interventions on productivity and product qualityp. 385
Gene technology for improved weed, insect, and disease control and for seed protein qualityp. 389
How similar are the genomes of the cool season food legumes?p. 397
Wide crossing: opportunities and progressp. 411
Marker technology for plant breedingp. 421
Tissue culture and protoplast fusion of cool-season pulses: pea (Pisum savitum L) and chickpea (Cicer arietinum L)p. 429
Foliar Diseases of Cool Season Food Legumes and Their Controlp. 437
Soilborne diseases and their controlp. 457
Opportunities for integrated management of insect pests of grain legumesp. 467
Integrated weed management for food legumes and lupinsp. 481
Integrated control of nematodes of cool season food legumesp. 491
Potential for Pulses in Aquaculture Systemsp. 507
Potential and challenges in the marketing of lupins for food and feedp. 517
The use of pulses in Japanp. 521
The use of pulses for feed in Australiap. 525
The role of pulses in the Asian livestock industryp. 531
Lupin breeding in Australiap. 541
Development of lupins as a crop in Australiap. 549
Lupinus albus as a European cropp. 561
The potential of Lupinus mutabilis as a cropp. 569
Research that overcame the impediments to production and marketing of lupins in Western Australiap. 575
Are our germplasm collections museum items?p. 589
Cicer spp: Conserved resources, priorities for collection and future prospectsp. 603
Lens spp: Conserved resources, priorities for collection and future prospectsp. 613
Lens spp: Conserved resources in Indiap. 621
Vicia spp: Conserved resources, priorities for collection and future prospectsp. 623
Lupinus spp: conserved resources priorities for collection and future prospectsp. 635
Lathyrus spp: Conserved resources, priorities for collection and future prospectsp. 645
Food legumes in human nutritionp. 655
Chemical and physical factors influencing the nutritional value and subsequent utilisation of food legumes by livestockp. 661
Towards the elimination of anti-nutritional factors in grain legumesp. 671
New technologies for toxin analyses in food legumesp. 685
Evidence of gains in nutritional quality in Lathyrus sativusp. 693
Conference summariesp. 699
Conference summariesp. 703
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792355656
ISBN-10: 0792355652
Series: Current Plant Science and Biotechnology in Agriculture
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 707
Published: 31st January 2000
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 3.96
Weight (kg): 1.19