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Linguistic Purism in Action : How Auxiliary Tun Was Stigmatized in Early New High German :  How Auxiliary Tun Was Stigmatized in Early New High German - Nils Langer

Linguistic Purism in Action : How Auxiliary Tun Was Stigmatized in Early New High German

How Auxiliary Tun Was Stigmatized in Early New High German

Hardcover Published: 2001
ISBN: 9783110170245
Number Of Pages: 322
For Ages: 22+ years old

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The auxiliary do (tun) is one of the most-discussed constructions in West Germanic. In German, there is a striking opposition between modern standard German, where the construction is virtually ungrammatical and considered to be "sub-standard" by most speakers, whilst, as this book shows, the construction is attested in all modern dialects as well as historic stages since 1350. In answering why auxiliary tun is ungrammatical in modern standard German, it is shown that the stigmatization of tun was caused by prescriptive grammarians in the 16th-18th century. Furthermore it is shown that the stigmatization of tun as "bad" German occurred in clearly discernible stages, from bad poetry (1550-1680), to bad written German (1680-1740) and finally to "bad" German in general (after 1740), thus providing evidence that the history of the standardization of German needs to take into account direct metalinguistic comments from prescriptive grammarians. The effectiveness of linguistic purism is also shown by evidence from two other constructions, namely polynegation and double perfect.

Acknowledgementsp. IX
Abbreviationsp. XI
Introductionp. 1
The Problemp. 1
Grammariansp. 4
Tun in Standard Germanp. 6
Thesisp. 8
Methodp. 9
Part I: The Distribution of Auxiliary Tunp. 12
Auxiliary Tun in Other Languagesp. 12
The Origin of Tunp. 12
Tun in Frisianp. 14
Tun in Dutchp. 14
Tun in Earlier Stages of Dutchp. 14
Tun in Modern Dutchp. 18
Tun in Englishp. 22
Tun in Earlier Stages of Englishp. 23
Tun in Contemporary Englishp. 28
Tun in Low Germanp. 30
Tun in Earlier Stages of Low Germanp. 31
Tun in Modern Low Germanp. 34
Tun in Older Stages of Germanp. 37
Lexical Tunp. 37
Causative Tunp. 38
Periphrastic Tunp. 41
Tun in Early New High Germanp. 44
Causative Tunp. 45
Regional Variationp. 46
Text Type Specific Variationp. 46
Functional Variationp. 47
Tun in Modern German Dialectsp. 50
Regional Variationp. 50
Problems of Analysisp. 51
Optionality and Polyfunctionalityp. 52
Major Functions of Tunp. 54
Tun in ENHG - a New Analysisp. 63
The Distribution of Tunp. 63
On the Functions of Tunp. 71
Conclusion of Part Ip. 97
Part II: The Stigmatization of Auxiliary Tunp. 99
The Emergence of Standard German - Early Approaches and Current Thinkingp. 99
Early Approachesp. 99
The Standard Language up to 1600p. 102
The Standard Language up to 1800p. 105
The Emergence of Standard German and the Influence of Grammariansp. 107
The Sixteenth Centuryp. 111
The Seventeenth Centuryp. 114
The Eighteenth Centuryp. 119
Polynegation and Double Perfectp. 123
Polynegationp. 124
Double Perfectp. 131
Syntactic Stigmatization by Prescriptive Grammariansp. 134
The Stigmatization of Polynegation and Double Perfectp. 150
Introduction and Overviewp. 150
Polynegationp. 160
Double Perfectp. 172
Prescriptive Grammarians and the Stigmatization of Auxiliary Tunp. 176
Stage 1 (until 1640)p. 177
Stage 2 (until 1680)p. 188
Stage 3 (1680-1740)p. 195
Stage 4 (after 1740)p. 203
Conclusion of Part IIp. 214
Conclusionp. 219
Appendix: Data and Bibliographiesp. 224
Primary Datap. 225
Corpus 1: Instances of Tunp. 225
Corpus 2: Evidence from Modern Dialect Dictionariesp. 263
Bibliographiesp. 276
Corpus 1: The Primary Sources of Tun in ENHGp. 276
Corpus 2: The Primary Metalinguistic Sourcesp. 289
Corpus 3: The Dialect Dictionariesp. 299
Secondary Literaturep. 301
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9783110170245
ISBN-10: 3110170248
Series: Studia Linguistica Germanica
Audience: Professional
For Ages: 22+ years old
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 322
Published: 2001
Publisher: De Gruyter
Country of Publication: DE
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.88  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.6