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Linguistic Meaning, Truth Conditions and Relevance : Palgrave Studies in Pragmatics, Language and Cognition - Corinne Iten

Linguistic Meaning, Truth Conditions and Relevance

Palgrave Studies in Pragmatics, Language and Cognition

By: Corinne Iten, Richard Breheny (Editor), Kent Bach (Editor), Anne Bezuidenhout (Editor), Sam Glucksberg (Editor)

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Published: 1st July 2005
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Many linguists and philosophers of language explain linguistic meaning in terms of truth conditions. This book focuses on the meanings of expressions that escape such truth-conditional treatment, in particular the concessives: "but," "even if," and "although." Corinne Iten proposes semantic analyses of these expressions based on the cognitive framework of relevance theory. A thoroughly cognitive approach to linguistic meaning is presented in which linguistic forms are seen as mapping onto mental entities, rather than individuals and properties in the real world. Researchers and advanced students in pragmatics will find this account lucid, clear and accessible.

Acknowledgementsp. xi
Linguistic Meaning and Truth Conditionsp. 1
Language and the worldp. 1
Truth-based approaches to linguistic meaningp. 4
The challenge of linguistic underdeterminacyp. 6
'Non-truth-conditional' linguistic meaningp. 15
'Non-truth-conditional' linguistic expressionsp. 17
Indexicalsp. 17
Mood indicatorsp. 17
Illocutionary and attitudinal adverbialsp. 18
Illocutionary and attitudinal particles and interjectionsp. 20
'Presuppositional' expressionsp. 21
Focus particlesp. 23
Connectivesp. 24
A semantic class of 'non-truth-conditional' linguistic expressions?p. 25
Approaches to 'Non-Truth-Conditional' Meaningp. 28
'Non-truth-conditional' meaning in truth-conditional frameworksp. 28
Frege: sense, reference, tone and forcep. 29
Kaplan: semantics of meaning and semantics of usep. 35
Presuppositional approachesp. 39
Speech Act Theoryp. 43
Introductionp. 43
Austin and Searle: the locutionary and the illocutionaryp. 44
Grice: saying and conventionally implicatingp. 51
Bach: against 'conventional implicature'p. 56
Conclusionp. 61
Relevance Theory and 'Non-Truth-Conditional' Meaningp. 62
Introductionp. 62
Relevance and (ostensive) communicationp. 63
The cognitive principle of relevancep. 63
Ostensive communicationp. 64
The communicative principle of relevancep. 68
Conceptual and procedural informationp. 69
Representation and computationp. 69
Conceptual and procedural encodingp. 71
Tests for distinguishing conceptual and procedural aspects of meaningp. 75
Explicit and implicit communicationp. 79
Drawing the explicit/implicit distinctionp. 79
The relevance-theoretic explicit/implicit distinctionp. 83
Distinguishing explicatures from implicaturesp. 85
Relevance Theory and truth conditionsp. 88
Varieties of 'non-truth-conditional' meaningp. 93
Preliminary remarksp. 93
Indexicalsp. 93
Mood indicatorsp. 95
Illocutionary and attitudinal adverbialsp. 98
Illocutionary and attitudinal particles and interjectionsp. 99
'Presuppositional' expressionsp. 101
Focus particlesp. 103
Conclusionp. 104
Denial, Contrast and Correction: The Meaning of butp. 106
Concessivity and its expressionp. 106
Interpretations of P but Qp. 108
An ambiguity accountp. 116
Anscombre and Ducrot's two maisp. 116
Mais[subscript SN]p. 117
Mais[subscript PA]p. 120
How many buts?p. 122
Ambiguity or no ambiguity?p. 122
The case for ambiguityp. 123
The case against ambiguityp. 125
But the Gricean wayp. 129
Concept or procedure?p. 131
Functional monosemy views of butp. 133
But as a cancellation markerp. 133
Denying expectationsp. 137
Towards a relevance-theoretic accountp. 140
Denial and contrast: Blakemorep. 140
What is denied: communicated assumptions, manifest assumptions or accessible assumptions?p. 143
Denial of a manifest assumptionp. 147
Accounting for the examplesp. 147
A challenge to the proposed analysisp. 152
Conclusionp. 156
Concession and Denial: The Meaning of althoughp. 158
Differences between but and althoughp. 158
Interpretations of Q although P/Although P, Qp. 160
When can Q although P/Although P, Q and P but Q receive the same interpretation?p. 160
Although in three domainsp. 162
Traditional approaches to the meaning of althoughp. 165
Winter and Rimon, and Sidiropouloup. 165
A duality accountp. 167
A relevance-theoretic accountp. 172
Concept or procedure?p. 172
The proposition(s) expressedp. 174
What procedure does although encode?p. 179
Q although P vs. Although P, Qp. 183
But vs. although revisitedp. 186
Even and even ifp. 189
Concessive conditionalsp. 189
A starting point: Bennett's (1982) analysisp. 192
Points of agreement and points of contentionp. 194
Universal accountsp. 195
Lycan's first accountp. 195
Counter-examples to Lycan's first accountp. 198
Lycan's revised accountp. 199
Advantages of Lycan's accountp. 203
Barker's universal accountp. 205
An existential alternative: Francescotti (1995)p. 209
Taking stockp. 214
Scalar accounts of evenp. 217
Pragmatic probability scales: Fauconnier (1975)p. 217
Informativeness scales: Kay (1990)p. 220
A procedural scalar account of evenp. 223
Inferred scales of implicationp. 223
Distinguishing among scalar accountsp. 229
Potential counter-examplesp. 230
Concessivity revisitedp. 231
Conclusionp. 234
Semantic innocence, compositionality and cognitionp. 234
Procedural meaningp. 236
Notesp. 239
Referencesp. 252
Indexp. 261
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780333995730
ISBN-10: 0333995732
Series: Palgrave Studies in Pragmatics, Language and Cognition
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 266
Published: 1st July 2005
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.24  x 3.18
Weight (kg): 0.46
Edition Number: 1