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Lignin : Historical, Biological, and Materials Perspectives - Wolfgang G. Glasser

Lignin

Historical, Biological, and Materials Perspectives

Hardcover

Published: 20th December 2000
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Lignin forms the woody cell walls of plants and the cement material between the plant walls, and after cellulose, it is the second most abundant biopolymer in the world. This book examines the biochemistry of lignin formation, lignin modification and utilization as a polymer, lignin in pulping and bleaching, chemical and physical properties of lignin, and lignin biodegradation.

"The 27 papers, from a symposium in Dallas for which no date is mentioned, consider the second most abundant organic substance on earth, which is removed from wood during the paper-making process and sold widely for uses ranging from road dust binder to a polymer component in printed circuit boards. Scientists from throughout the world explore some of the aspects still not fully understood, among them the history of the chemistry, technology and utilization; the impact of genetic engineering of popular lignins on kraft pulping performances; classifying lignin according to chemical and molecular structure; blends of biodegradable thermoplastics with lignin esters; and the interplay between oxygen-derived radical species in the delignification during oxygen and hydrogen peroxide bleaching."--SciTech Book News"These selections were developed from an ACS symposium sponsored by the Cellulose, Paper, and Textile Division in honor of the 1997 Anselme Payen Award recipient, Joseph L. McCarthy. Five sections (History and Structure; Biochemistry; Analysis; Modification and Utilization; and Utilization, Pulping, and Bleaching) cover the gamut of current knowledge concerning this second-most-abundant organic substance on earth. Chemical pulping, one of the 10 largest industrial activities in North America, removes lignin from wood. Issues concerning lowering costs, improving environmental safety, and enhancing product quality are thus major considerations." -- Today's Chemist at Work, May 2000 "The 27 papers, from a symposium in Dallas for which no date is mentioned, consider the second most abundant organic substance on earth, which is removed from wood during the paper-making process and sold widely for uses ranging from road dust binder to a polymer component in printed circuit boards. Scientists from throughout the world explore some of the aspects still not fully understood, among them the history of the chemistry, technology and utilization; the impact of genetic engineering of popular lignins on kraft pulping performances; classifying lignin according to chemical and molecular structure; blends of biodegradable thermoplastics with lignin esters; and the interplay between oxygen-derived radical species in the delignification during oxygen and hydrogen peroxide bleaching."--SciTech Book News"These selections were developed from an ACS symposium sponsored by the Cellulose, Paper, and Textile Division in honor of the 1997 Anselme Payen Award recipient, Joseph L. McCarthy. Five sections (History and Structure; Biochemistry; Analysis; Modification and Utilization; and Utilization, Pulping, and Bleaching) cover the gamut of current knowledge concerning this second-most-abundant organic substance on earth. Chemical pulping, one of the 10 largest industrial activities in North America, removes lignin from wood. Issues concerning lowering costs, improving environmental safety, and enhancing product quality are thus major considerations." -- Today's Chemist at Work, May 2000 "The 27 papers, from a symposium in Dallas for which no date is mentioned, consider the second most abundant organic substance on earth, which is removed from wood during the paper-making process and sold widely for uses ranging from road dust binder to a polymer component in printed circuit boards. Scientists from throughout the world explore some of the aspects still not fully understood, among them the history of the chemistry, technology and utilization; the impact of genetic engineering of popular lignins on kraft pulping performances; classifying lignin according to chemical and molecular structure; blends of biodegradable thermoplastics with lignin esters; and the interplay between oxygen-derived radical species in the delignification during oxygen and hydrogen peroxide bleaching."--SciTech Book News "These selections were developed from an ACS symposium sponsored by the Cellulose, Paper, and Textile Division in honor of the 1997 Anselme Payen Award recipient, Joseph L. McCarthy. Five sections (History and Structure; Biochemistry; Analysis; Modification and Utilization; and Utilization, Pulping, and Bleaching) cover the gamut of current knowledge concerning this second-most-abundant organic substance on earth. Chemical pulping, one of the 10 largest industrial activities in North America, removes lignin from wood. Issues concerning lowering costs, improving environmental safety, and enhancing product quality are thus major considerations." -- Today's Chemist at Work, May 2000 "The 27 papers, from a symposium in Dallas for which no date is mentioned, consider the second most abundant organic substance on earth, which is removed from wood during the paper-making process and sold widely for uses ranging from road dust binder to a polymer component in printed circuit boards. Scientists from throughout the world explore some of the aspects still not fully understood, among them the history of the chemistry, technology and utilization; the impact of genetic engineering of popular lignins on kraft pulping performances; classifying lignin according to chemical and molecular structure; blends of biodegradable thermoplastics with lignin esters; and the interplay between oxygen-derived radical species in the delignification during oxygen and hydrogen peroxide bleaching."--SciTech Book News "These selections were developed from an ACS symposium sponsored by the Cellulose, Paper, and Textile Division in honor of the 1997 Anselme Payen Award recipient, Joseph L. McCarthy. Five sections (History and Structure; Biochemistry; Analysis; Modification and Utilization; and Utilization, Pulping, and Bleaching) cover the gamut of current knowledge concerning this second-most-abundant organic substance on earth. Chemical pulping, one of the 10 largest industrial activities in North America, removes lignin from wood. Issues concerning lowering costs, improving environmental safety, and enhancing product quality are thus major considerations." -- Today's Chemist at Work, May 2000 "The 27 papers, from a symposium in Dallas for which no date is mentioned, consider the second most abundant organic substance on earth, which is removed from wood during the paper-making process and sold widely for uses ranging from road dust binder to a polymer component in printed circuit boards.Scientists from throughout the world explore some of the aspects still not fully understood, among them the history of the chemistry, technology and utilization; the impact of genetic engineering of popular lignins on kraft pulping performances; classifying lignin according to chemical and molecularstructure; blends of biodegradable thermoplastics with lignin esters; and the interplay between oxygen-derived radical species in the delignification during oxygen and hydrogen peroxide bleaching."--SciTech Book News"These selections were developed from an ACS symposium sponsored by the Cellulose, Paper, and Textile Division in honor of the 1997 Anselme Payen Award recipient, Joseph L. McCarthy. Five sections (History and Structure; Biochemistry; Analysis; Modification and Utilization; and Utilization, Pulping, and Bleaching) cover the gamut of current knowledge concerning this second-most-abundant organic substance on earth. Chemical pulping, one of the 10 largest industrial activities in North America, removes lignin from wood. Issues concerning lowering costs, improving environmental safety, andenhancing product quality are thus major considerations." -- Today's Chemist at Work, May 2000

Prefacep. xiii
History and Structure
Lignin Chemistry, Technology, and Utilization: A Brief Historyp. 2
The Nature of Lignin: A Different Viewp. 100
Biochemistry
Monolignol Compositional Determinants in Loblolly Pine: Aromatic Amino Acid Metabolism and Associated Rate-Limiting Stepsp. 118
Genetic Engineering of Poplar Lignins: Impact of Lignin Alternation on Kraft Pulping Performancesp. 145
Lignin-Polysaccharide Interactions in Woody Plantsp. 161
Structural Heterogeneity of Hardwood Lignin: Characteristics of End-Wise Lignin Fractionp. 172
Molecular Orbital Calculations on the Interaction of Veratryl Alcohol with the Lignin Peroxidase Active Sitep. 186
Lignin Influence on Angiosperm Sapwood Susceptibility to White-Rot Fungal Colonization: A Hypothesisp. 205
Analysis
Classification of Lignin According to Chemical and Molecular Structurep. 216
An Overview of Chemical Degradation Methods for Determining Lignin Condensed Unitsp. 239
Using Raman Spectroscopy to Identify Chromophores in Lignin-Lignocellulosicsp. 250
Limiting Molecular Weight of Lignin from Autocatalyzed Organosolv Pulping of Hardwoodp. 265
Structural Investigation of Dehydrogenation Polymer (models of lignin) Films at the Air-Water Interface by Neutron Reflectivityp. 278
Comparative Analysis of the Lignins of Cork from Quercus suber L. and Wood from Eucalyptus globulus L. by Dry Hydrogen Iodide Cleavagep. 291
Modification and Utilization
Commercial Use of Lignin-Based Materialsp. 304
Synthesis of [superscript 14]C-Labelled 1-Ethenylbenzene Using Wittig Reaction and Synthesis of Graft Copolymer of Lignin and [superscript 14]C-Labelled 1-Ethenylbenzenep. 321
Blends of Biodegradable Thermoplastics with Lignin Estersp. 331
Thermoplastics with Very High Lignin Contentsp. 351
Plasma Modification of Ligninp. 367
Pulping and Bleaching
Chemistry of Pulping: Lignin Reactionsp. 392
The Interplay between Oxygen-Derived Radical Species in the Delignification during Oxygen and Hydrogen Peroxide Bleachingp. 422
A Comparison of the Structural Changes Occurring in Lignin during Alcell and Kraft Pulping of Hardwoods and Softwoodsp. 447
A Room-Temperature [beta]-O-4 to [alpha]-O-4 Rearrangementp. 465
Peracids in Kraft Pulp Bleaching: Past, Present, and Futurep. 471
Chemical Modification of Lignin-Rich Paper: Light-Induced Changes of Softwood and Hardwood Chemithermomechanical Pulps: The Effect of Irradiation Sourcep. 490
Investigation of ortho- and para-Quinone Chromophores in Alkaline Extraction Stage Residual Ligninsp. 505
Chemical Characteristics of Lignins Extracted from Softwood TMP after O[subscript 3] and CIO[subscript 2] Treatmentp. 520
Author Indexp. 533
Subject Indexp. 534
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780841236110
ISBN-10: 0841236119
Series: ACS Symposium Series
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 464
Published: 20th December 2000
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.6 x 15.7  x 3.2
Weight (kg): 0.91