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Light Scattering by Nonspherical Particles : Theory, Measurements, and Applications - Michael I. Mishchenko

Light Scattering by Nonspherical Particles

Theory, Measurements, and Applications

By: Michael I. Mishchenko (Editor), Joachim W. Hovenier (Editor), Larry D. Travis (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 24th September 1999
ISBN: 9780124986602
Number Of Pages: 690

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There is hardly a field of science or engineering that does not have some interest in light scattering by small particles. For example, this subject is important to climatology because the energy budget for the Earth's atmosphere is strongly affected by scattering of solar radiation by cloud and aerosol particles, and the whole discipline of remote sensing relies largely on analyzing the parameters of radiation scattered by aerosols, clouds, and precipitation. The scattering of light by spherical particles can be easily computed using the conventional Mie theory. However, most small solid particles encountered in natural and laboratory conditions have nonspherical shapes. Examples are soot and mineral aerosols, cirrus cloud particles, snow and frost crystals, ocean hydrosols, interplanetary and cometary dust grains, and microorganisms. It is now well known that scattering properties of nonspherical particles can differ dramatically from those of "equivalent" (e.g., equal-volume or equal-surface-area) spheres. Therefore, the ability to accurately compute or measure light scattering by nonspherical particles in order to clearly understand the effects of particle nonsphericity on light scattering is very important.
The rapid improvement of computers and experimental techniques over the past 20 years and the development of efficient numerical approaches have resulted in major advances in this field which have not been systematically summarized. Because of the universal importance of electromagnetic scattering by nonspherical particles, papers on different aspects of this subject are scattered over dozens of diverse research and engineering journals. Often experts in one discipline (e.g., biology) are unaware of potentially useful results obtained in another discipline (e.g., antennas and propagation). This leads to an inefficient use of the accumulated knowledge and unnecessary redundancy in research activities.
This book offers the first systematic and unified discussion of light scattering by nonspherical particles and its practical applications and represents the state-of-the-art of this important
research field. Individual chapters are written by leading experts in respective areas and cover three major disciplines: theoretical and numerical techniques, laboratory measurements, and practical applications. An overview chapter provides a concise general introduction to the subject of nonspherical scattering and should be especially useful to beginners and those interested in fast practical applications. The audience for this book will include graduate students, scientists, and engineers working on specific aspects of electromagnetic scattering by small particles and its applications in remote sensing, geophysics, astrophysics, biomedical optics, and optical engineering.

* The first systematic and comprehensive treatment of electromagnetic scattering by nonspherical particles and its applications
* Individual chapters are written by leading experts in respective areas
* Includes a survey of all the relevant literature scattered over dozens of basic and applied research journals
* Consistent use of unified definitions and notation makes the book a coherent volume
* An overview chapter provides a concise general introduction to the subject of light scattering by nonspherical particles
* Theoretical chapters describe specific easy-to-use computer codes publicly available on the World Wide Web
* Extensively illustrated with over 200 figures, 4 in color

Industry Reviews

"Rapid advances have been made in our knowledge of electromagnetic scattering by nonspherical particles, and the aim of this book is to 'provide a systematic state-of-the-art summary of the field.' Thirty-one authors contributed 20 papers (each a chapter), using a consistent notation and general outline, and there is a 71-page collective reference list at the end. The book will be of interest to a wide variety of geophysicists (and astronomers) working with scattering problems." --BULLETIN OF THE AMERICAN METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY, May 2000 "An excellent survey that will enormously benefit novice and non-specialist researchers and constitute a useful reference source for experienced specialist researchers." --Optik 112, No. 3 (2001)

Preface
Hints from History: A Foreword
Introduction
Concepts, Terms, Notation
Overview of Scattering by Nonspherical Particles
Basic Relationships for Matrices Describing Scattering by Small Particles
Theoretical and Numerical Techniques
Separation of Variables for Electromagnetic Scattering by Spheroidal Particles
The Discrete Dipole Approximation for Light Scattering by Irregular Targets
T-Matrix Method and its Applications
Finite-Difference Time Domain Method for Light Scattering by Nonspherical and Inhomogeneous Particles
Compounded Scattering by Compounded Spherical Particles
Electromagnetic Scattering by Compounded Spherical Particles
Effective Medium Approximations for Heterogeneous Particles
Monte Carlo Calculations of Light Scattering by Large Particles with Multiple Internal Inclusions
Light Scattering by Stochastically Shaped Particles. Laboratory Measurements
Measuring Scattering Matrices of Small Particles at Optical Wavelengths
Microwave Analog to Light Scattering Measurements
Applications
Lidar Backscatter Depolarization Technique for Cloud and Aerosol Research
Light Scattering and Radiative Transfer in Ice Crystal Clouds: Applications to Climate Research
Centimeter and Millimeter Wave Scattering from Nonspherical Hydrometeors
Microwave Scattering by Precipitation
Polarized Light Scattering in the Marine Environment
Scattering Properties of Interplanetary Dust Particles
Biomedical and Biophysical Applications of Nonspherical Scattering
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780124986602
ISBN-10: 0124986609
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 690
Published: 24th September 1999
Publisher: ACADEMIC PR INC
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.13 x 15.88  x 3.81
Weight (kg): 1.09

Earn 801 Qantas Points
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