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Life in Ancient Ice : Princeton Legacy Library - John D. Castello

Life in Ancient Ice

Princeton Legacy Library

By: John D. Castello (Editor), Scott O. Rogers (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 10th April 2005
ISBN: 9780691074757
Number Of Pages: 328

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"Life in Ancient Ice" presents an unparalleled overview of current research into microbial life in ancient glacial ice and permafrost. Particulates of fungi, bacteria, pollen grains, protists, and viruses are carried by wind around the globe. When they fall to Earth in polar regions they may be trapped in ice for hundreds of millennia. Some of the many implications sound like science fiction--for example, might melting glaciers release ancient pathogens that yield modern-day pandemics? But rigorous, coordinated research is nascent. This book points the way forward. Based on a National Science Foundation-sponsored symposium organized by the editors in 2001, it comprises twenty chapters by internationally renowned scientists, including Russian experts whose decades of work has been rarely available in English.

The book begins by setting forth many protocols that have been used to study microorganisms trapped in ice, discussing their potential sources and presenting evidence for microbial metabolic activity at temperatures below freezing. This is followed by nine chapters describing the fungi, bacteria, and viruses that have been found in permafrost and glacial ice. Later chapters include a look at Antarctica's subglacial Lake Vostok, at a robot that can be lowered into ice to detect microbes, and at the use of icy environments on Earth as model systems for studying similar environments on planets and moons. The editors conclude by reviewing key discoveries and outlining important areas for future research.

"This book ... reports the unexpected finding that all the ice realms, polar, glacial, and permafrost, are part of the biosphere... As the new field of study of life in extreme conditions continues to expand, this book will be a constant reference. Someday it will be seen to have been seminal."--Jack Harris, Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research "The arrival of this volume is very timely and helpful. It is clear from its materials that Russian scientists have made and are making a significant contribution to life exploration in ancient ice. Until now, their works had seldom appeared in English-language editions. This is one of the reasons why overseas specialists were generally weakly acquainted with the works by our researchers. This gap has now been bridged."--V.A. Melnik, Microbiology

List of Figuresp. ix
List of Tablesp. xiii
Contributorsp. xv
Acknowledgmentsp. xix
Introductionp. 1
Recommendations for Elimination of Contaminants and Authentication of Isolates in Ancient Ice Coresp. 5
Perennial Antarctic Lake Ice: A Refuge for Cyanobacteria in an Extreme Environmentp. 22
The Growth of Prokaryotes in Antarctic Sea Ice: Implications for Ancient Ice Communitiesp. 50
Frozen in Time: The Diatom Record in Ice Cores from Remote Drilling Sites on the Antarctic Ice Sheetsp. 69
The Nature and Likely Sources of Biogenic Particles Found in Ancient Ice from Antarcticap. 94
Microbial Life below the Freezing Point within Permafrostp. 106
Yeasts Isolated from Ancient Permafrostp. 118
Fungi in Ancient Permafrost Sediments of the Arctic and Antarctic Regionsp. 127
Viable Phototrophs: Cyanobacteria and Green Algae from the Permafrost Darknessp. 140
The Significance and Implications of the Discovery of Filamentous Fungi in Glacial Icep. 159
Yeasts in the Genus Rhodotorula Recovered from the Greenland Ice Sheetp. 181
Plant and Bacterial Viruses in the Greenland Ice Sheetp. 196
Viral Pathogens of Humans Likely to Be Preserved in Natural Icep. 208
Classification of Bacteria from Polar and Nonpolar Glacial Icep. 227
Common Features of Microorganisms in Ancient Layers of the Antarctic Ice Sheetp. 240
Comparative Biological Analyses of Accretion Ice from Subglacial Lake Vostokp. 251
Search for Microbes and Biogenic Compounds in Polar Ice Using Fluorescencep. 268
Living Cells in Permafrost as Models for Astrobiology Researchp. 277
A Synopsis of the Past, an Evaluation of the Current, and a Glance toward the Futurep. 289
Indexp. 301
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780691074757
ISBN-10: 0691074755
Series: Princeton Legacy Library
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 328
Published: 10th April 2005
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.2  x 2.79
Weight (kg): 0.6