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Liberal Professions and Illiberal Politics : Hungary from the Habsburgs to the Holocaust - Mária M. Kovács

Liberal Professions and Illiberal Politics

Hungary from the Habsburgs to the Holocaust

Hardcover

Published: 1st December 1994
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In this important new historical survey of social and intellectual history, Maria Kovacs examines the struggle between liberal and anti-Semitic policies in professional groups - doctors, lawyers, engineers - in Hungary up to 1945. Kovacs's main emphasis is on the interwar period when unemployment, expansion of the welfare system, and competition for state jobs during the Great Depression, combined with crass anti-Semitism on the part of engineers, and medical associations, radically altered previously liberal policies of open entry and equal educational opportunity.
Liberal Professions and Illiberal Politics uses extensive archival records to assess to what extent these new policies were dictated by authoritarian governments from above and to what extent they originated within the professions themselves. The story ends with the Holocaust, which sealed the fate of those professionals who had become victims of persecution under the German occupation of Hungary. This fascinating analysis, a copublication with the Woodrow Wilson Center Press, will be of interest not only to scholars and students of Jewish history but also to the general reader interested in a case study of ethnic segregation within the learned professions.

"This book helps us to understand, more than most other studies, the reasons behind the current resurrection of East European xenophobia, nationalism, and anti-semitism."--Istváv Deák, Institute on East Central Europe, Columbia University "...impressive and convincing new study."--Austrian History Yearbook "This book helps us to understand, more than most other studies, the reasons behind the current resurrection of East European xenophobia, nationalism, and anti-semitism."--Istváv Deák, Institute on East Central Europe, Columbia University "...impressive and convincing new study."--Austrian History Yearbook

Tablesp. xiii
Glossary: Abbreviationsp. xv
Introductionp. xvii
Liberalism and Professionalization in the Nineteenth Centuryp. 3
Two Paths of Professionalism: The Central European and the Anglo-American Patternsp. 4
Professional Associations in Liberal Hungaryp. 6
The Medical Professionp. 8
The Engineering Professionp. 11
The Legal Professionp. 14
Ethnic Tensions in the Professionsp. 15
The Dilemma: Preserving Equal Accessp. 22
From Professional to Political Ideology, 1900-1919p. 26
The Neoconservative Criticism of the Liberal Professionsp. 28
The Illiberal Avant-garde at the Turn of the Centuryp. 31
Radicalism in the Science-based Professions: The Sourcesp. 35
The Doctors' Avant-garde in the Revolution of the Leftp. 38
Technocrats and the Leftp. 43
The Legal Profession Disbandedp. 46
The Restrictive Reform of the Professions, 1920-1928p. 49
Numerus Clausus in Europe and Hungaryp. 52
The Numerus Clausus of 1920p. 54
Ethnic Division in the Professions: The Birth of Racist Associationsp. 62
Doctors and the Radical Rightp. 65
Ethnic Division of Medical Servicesp. 69
Engineers and the Radical Rightp. 70
Lawyers and Traditionp. 75
The Professions during the Depressionp. 82
Corporatist Reform in Medicinep. 84
Technocracy in New Colorsp. 90
Lawyers under Corporatist Pressurep. 97
Professions and Discrimination, 1938-1944p. 101
Opposition to Discrimination: The Lawyersp. 106
The Middle Course: The Engineersp. 112
The Extremes of Discrimination: The Physiciansp. 116
The Government of the Right against the Radicals of the Rightp. 122
Epiloguep. 128
Notesp. 133
Selected Bibliographyp. 145
Indexp. 163
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780195085976
ISBN-10: 0195085973
Series: Woodrow Wilson Press Co-Publication
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 192
Published: 1st December 1994
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.62 x 16.2  x 1.78
Weight (kg): 0.4