Professor John Dewey (1859-1952) was an American philosopher, psychologist, and educational reformer, whose thoughts and ideas have been greatly influential in the United States and around the world. He, along with Charles Sanders Peirce and William James, is recognized as one of the founders of the philosophical school of Pragmatism. He is also known as the father of functional psychology; he was a leading representative of the progressive movement in U. S. schooling during the first half of the 20th century. Along with the historian Charles Beard, economists Thorstein Veblen and James Harvey Robinson, Dewey is one of the founders of The New School for Social Research. Dewey's most significant writings were The Reflex Arc Concept in Psychology (1896), a study of the role of habit in human behaviour; The Public and its Problems (1927). Alice Chipman Dewey (1859-1927) was John Dewey's wife. She graduated from Fenton High School in 1875 or '76 and took a year's worth of music courses at Fenton's Baptist Seminary. Chipman graduated in philosophy in 1886. In fall 1885, John Dewey and Alice Chipman became founding members of the Samovar Club. They married in 1886.