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Leibniz : Determinist, Theist, Idealist - Robert Merrihew Adams

Leibniz

Determinist, Theist, Idealist

Paperback Published: 1st October 1998
ISBN: 9780195126495
Number Of Pages: 448

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Legendary since his own time as a universal genius, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716) contributed significantly to almost every branch of learning, from mathematics to ecumenical theology. But the part of his work that is most studied today is probably his writings in metaphysics, which have been the focus of particularly lively philosophical discussion in the last twenty years or so.
Leibniz's writings in metaphysics contain one of the great classic systems of modern philosophy, but the system must be pieced together from a vast and miscellaneous array of manuscripts, letters, articles, and books, in a way that makes especially strenuous demands on scholarship. This book presents an in-depth interpretation of three important parts of Leibniz's metaphysics, thoroughly grounded in the texts as well as in philosophical analysis and critique. The three areas discussed are the metaphysical part of Leibniz's philosophy of logic, his essentially theological treatment of the central issues of ontology, and his theory of substance (the theory of monads).

Industry Reviews

"A thorough and well-researched book that deserves to be placed in every library, next to Russell's classic Leibniz text."--Choice "Professor Adams has produced a finely detailed and elaborately worked-out apology for the German metaphysician....This is an austere and often daunting work which makes few concessions to those who are not already closely interested in Leibniz's philosophy. Its range is impressive....On any showing, it must be counted a formidable scholarly achievement."--The Times Literary Supplement "Leibniz could not have hoped for a more thoughtful and penetrating, more careful, sensitive, and positive, examination of his ideas than this....Given the evident `love of truth' exhibited in Adam's book, he surely would have welcomed it."--The Times Higher Education Supplement "...Adams has produced a work on Leibniz of outstanding significance. Adams deftly handles the massive historical resources now available to Leibniz scholars, producing a major philosophical work which is a joy to read."--The Review of Metaphysics "A thorough and well-researched book that deserves to be placed in every library, next to Russell's classic Leibniz text."--Choice "Professor Adams has produced a finely detailed and elaborately worked-out apology for the German metaphysician.... Its range is impressive....On any showing, it must be counted a formidable scholarly achievement....a monumental study--The Times Literary Supplement "Leibniz could not have hoped for a more thoughtful and penetrating, more careful, sensitive, and positive, examination of his ideas than this....Given the evident `love of truth' exhibited in Adam's book, he surely would have welcomed it."--The Times Higher Education Supplement "...Adams has produced a work on Leibniz of outstanding significance. Adams deftly handles the massive historical resources now available to Leibniz scholars, producing a major philosophical work which is a joy to read."--The Review of Metaphysics "Robert Merrihew Adams' new book, Leibniz: Determinist, Theist, Idealist, is an extraordinary accomplishment. I am enormously impressed by the depth of Adams' scholarship, by his encyclopedic knowledge of Leibniz's philosophy, by the subtlety of his interpretations, and the sure eye he has for unraveling a philosophical argument. The fruit of many years of reading and careful reflection, it combines originality and imagination with a knowledge of the texts and manuscripts that is astonishing. It is a classic which will be read and discussed for many years to come."-- Daniel Garber, Leibniz Society Review "Leibniz: Determinist, Theist, Idealist is a masterpiece, and quite simply the best book in the field. Closely argued, sweeping in scope, gracefully written and intelligently composed, it will be the standard against which subsequent studies are measured as well as the focus of dispute for a long time."--Australasian Journal of Philosophy

Introductionp. 3
Determinism: Contingency and Identity
Leibniz's Theories of Contingencyp. 9
Leibniz's First Main Solutionp. 10
Leibniz's Second Main Solutionp. 22
Leibniz and Possible Worlds Semanticsp. 46
On Leibniz's Sincerityp. 50
The Logic of Counterfactual Non-identityp. 53
Problems of Transworld Identityp. 53
The Conceptual Containment Theory of Truthp. 57
Actuality in the Conceptual Containment Theoryp. 63
An Anti-Semantical Theory of Truthp. 65
Why Did Leibniz Hold the Conceptual Containment Theory?p. 67
Conceptual Containment and Transworld Identityp. 71
The Metaphysics of Counterfactual Nonidentityp. 75
Substance and Lawp. 77
Substance and Miraclep. 81
Perception and Relationsp. 102
Conclusionsp. 106
A Priori and A Posteriorip. 109
Theism: God and Being
The Ens Perfectissimump. 113
Absolute Qualities as "Requirements" of Thingsp. 115
Sensible Qualities, Knowledge, and Perfectionp. 119
Is Leibniz's Conception of God Spinozistic?p. 123
The Ontological Argumentp. 135
The Incomplete Proofp. 136
Proof of Possibilityp. 141
Existence and Essencep. 157
Is Existence an Essential Quality of God?p. 158
Defining Existencep. 164
Existence Irreduciblep. 170
The Root of Possibilityp. 177
The Proof of the Existence of God from the Reality of Eternal Truthsp. 177
Leibniz's Theory Examinedp. 184
Presumption of Possibilityp. 192
Jurisprudence and Pragmatism in Theologyp. 194
Jurisprudence and the Logic of Probabilityp. 198
A Proof for the Presumption of Possibilityp. 202
Presuming the Possibility of Beings as Suchp. 206
Objections Consideredp. 209
Idealism: Monads and Bodies
Leibniz's Phenomenalismp. 217
Phenomenap. 219
Esse Is Percipip. 235
Aggregatesp. 241
The Reality of Phenomenap. 255
Corporeal Substancep. 262
Bodies and Corporeal Substancesp. 262
The Structure of a Corporeal Substance: Alternative Interpretationsp. 265
The Structure of a Corporeal Substance: Some Textsp. 274
Monadic Dominationp. 285
Principles of Unityp. 291
Form and Matter in Leibniz's Middle Yearsp. 308
Formp. 309
Matterp. 324
Realismp. 338
Primary Matterp. 341
Three Senses of "Matter" in a Letter to Arnauldp. 341
Matter and the Eucharistp. 349
Bernoulli's Questionsp. 361
The Debate about Thinking Matterp. 364
Conclusionsp. 375
Primitive and Derivative Forcesp. 378
The "Mixed" Character of Derivative Forcesp. 378
Primary Matter and Quantityp. 393
Bibliographyp. 401
Index of Leibniz Texts Citedp. 411
General Indexp. 423
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780195126495
ISBN-10: 0195126491
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 448
Published: 1st October 1998
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.19 x 15.49  x 2.59
Weight (kg): 0.62
Edition Number: 195

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