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Leibniz : Routledge Philosophers - Nicholas Jolley


Routledge Philosophers

Hardcover Published: 19th May 2005
ISBN: 9780415283373
Number Of Pages: 260

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Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716) was hailed by Bertrand Russell as 'one of the supreme intellects of all time'. A towering figure in seventeenth-century philosophy, his complex thought has been championed and satirized in equal measure, most famously in Voltaire's Candide.
In this outstanding introduction to his philosophy, Nicholas Jolley introduces and assesses the whole of Leibniz's philosophy. Beginning with an introduction to Leibniz's life and work, he carefully introduces the core elements of Leibniz's metaphysics: his theories of substance, identity and individuation; monads and space and time; and his important debate over the nature of space and time with Newton's champion, Samuel Clarke.
He then introduces Leibniz's theories of mind, knowledge, and innate ideas, showing how Leibniz anticipated the distinction between conscious and unconscious states, before examining his theory of free will and the problem of evil. An important feature of the book is its introduction to Leibniz's moral and political philosophy, an overlooked aspect of his work.
The final chapter assesses legacy and the impact of his philosophy on philosophy as a whole, particularly on the work of Immanuel Kant. Throughout, Nicholas Jolley places Leibniz in relation to some of the other great philosophers, such as Descartes, Spinoza and Locke, and discusses Leibniz's key works, such as the Monadology and Discourse on Metaphysics.

Industry Reviews

'Nicholas Jolley's Leibniz is an excellent volume in the new Routledge Philosophers series. High marks are in order for its clarity, accessibility and acumen, as well as for the pace and style of its prose...a serious, freestanding study of the philosopher for the non-specialist and a stimulating, enjoyable read for the specialist--in a word, recommended reading. And highly recommended at that.' - Samuel Levey, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews '...full, thoughtful, lucid and interesting, and it can be recommended without hesitation both to those who are new to Leibniz's philosophy and to those who are well acquainted with it. ' G.H.R Parkinson, British Journal for the History of Philosophy 'Jolley has done a fabulous job, and the result is perfectly suited for its intended purpose and audience. The work is very clearly written; the organization is excellent; and the coverage comprehensive. The needs of students and beginners are indeed well-served here, but the result is not bland.' - Vere Chappell, University of Massachusetts 'The best introduction available.' - Glenn Hartz, Ohio State University 'Reading this gave me great pleasure - it is interesting, illuminating, systematic, thorough and above all pleasantly, smoothly and accessibly written. A splendid book.' - Roger Woolhouse, University of York, UK 'An excellent work. It will clearly establish itself as the best introduction to the thought of Leibniz, and I would recommend it to students wrestling with this difficult philosopher for the first time.' - Brandon C. Look, University of Kentucky

Acknowledgementsp. viii
List of Abbreviationsp. ix
Chronologyp. xi
Introductionp. 1
Mirrors of Godp. 2
The Project of Synthesisp. 6
A Systematic Philosopher?p. 9
Summaryp. 11
Leibniz: Life and Worksp. 14
Early Yearsp. 15
Hanover: Position and Dutiesp. 18
Discourse on Metaphysics and Correspondence with Arnauldp. 19
The 'New System'p. 21
Leibniz, Locke, and the New Essays on Human Understandingp. 23
The Essays in Theodicyp. 25
The Monadology and Related Writingsp. 28
The Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence: the Quarrel with the Newtoniansp. 29
Conclusionp. 31
Summaryp. 33
The Metaphysics of Substances: Unity and Activityp. 36
Unity: the Critique of Descartesp. 37
Activity: the Critique of Occasionalismp. 41
The Logicist Strategyp. 46
Causality and Creationp. 55
The Problem of Ontologyp. 58
Summaryp. 63
The Theory of Monadsp. 66
The Properties of Monadsp. 67
Leibniz, Spinoza, and Monadsp. 71
The Status of Bodiesp. 74
Corporeal Substance and the Vinculum Substantialep. 81
Space, Time, and Monadsp. 84
Summaryp. 90
Mind, Knowledge, and Ideasp. 93
The Immaterial Mindp. 93
Mind, Body, and the Pre-established Harmonyp. 99
The Case for Nativism (1): Innate Ideasp. 103
The Case for Nativism (2): Innate Knowledgep. 109
Dispositions and the Defence of Nativismp. 112
The Case for Unconscious Perceptionsp. 118
Summaryp. 121
Human and Divine Freedomp. 125
Background: Descartes and Spinozap. 127
Freedom: the General Analysisp. 129
Contingency and Human Freedomp. 133
Contingency and Divine Freedomp. 142
Laws, Explanations, and Final Causesp. 147
Summaryp. 152
The Problem of Evilp. 155
'Epicurus's Old Questions' in a New Settingp. 156
The Best of All Possible Worldsp. 159
The Criteria of Valuep. 161
The Kinds of Evilsp. 166
Summaryp. 173
Ethics and Politicsp. 176
Moral Psychologyp. 177
The City of Godp. 181
Justicep. 187
The Political Communityp. 189
Leibniz's Critique of Hobbesp. 194
Summaryp. 198
Legacy and Influencep. 201
The Reactions of Leibniz's Contemporaries: France and Englandp. 202
The Reaction Against Systemsp. 205
Voltaire, Optimism, and Theodicyp. 209
Leibniz, Kant, and German Idealismp. 211
The Rediscovery of Leibnizp. 214
Summaryp. 219
Glossaryp. 223
Notesp. 231
Bibliographyp. 235
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780415283373
ISBN-10: 041528337X
Series: Routledge Philosophers
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 260
Published: 19th May 2005
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.56 x 14.02  x 2.49
Weight (kg): 0.46
Edition Number: 1

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