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Legal Responses to Trafficking in Women for Sexual Exploitation in the European Union : Modern Studies in European Law - Heli Askola

Legal Responses to Trafficking in Women for Sexual Exploitation in the European Union

Modern Studies in European Law

Hardcover

Published: 1st March 2007
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The phenomenon of trafficking in women for sexual exploitation, which in the last decade has changed from a marginal 'non-issue' to a legitimate concern in many parts of the world, has become familiar through newspaper coverage. Now, finally, legislators and law enforcement agencies have begun to act. In Europe, many EU Member States now have, or are developing, at least some sort of anti-trafficking policies, with some of States in the forefront of global anti-trafficking efforts. Moreover, the EU itself has become markedly more active with regard to curbing trafficking in human beings as part of its migration control and police and judicial co-operation functions under the current Third Pillar. However, even coordinated efforts, such as those being worked on by the EU, tend to produce only short-term cures to a problem that is in truth global and structural in nature and which cannot be eradicated, or necessarily even significantly reduced, through policing and migration control measures alone. Too often there is little debate on broader measures which might be targeted to address the root causes of trafficking, such as poverty, under-development, general lack of economic and migration opportunities, and above all, gender inequality. Against this background, this book deals with present efforts to control trafficking in women for sexual exploitation. In doing so it examines claims that what is needed to effectively prevent and tackle trafficking is a comprehensive approach, and, at the very least, one that is far more wide-ranging and coherent than what exists today. The book also questions the assertion that destination countries, and more specifically Member States of the EU, could, and perhaps should, take more action against trafficking through regional co-operation, particularly in the framework of the EU, rather than as individual Member States. The book will be of interest to a wide range of scholars in EU law, human rights, comparative law, sociology, feminist theory, and politics, as well as policy-makers, practitioners, and NGO activists in various European countries.

The book offers impressive and careful coverage of this challenging and fast-moving subject matter... It covers an extensive amount of ground, displays a commendable grasp of the recent legal developments and combines this with a measured and careful examination of the broader ideological and political paradigms that construct and constrain both the EU's anti-trafficking competency and its ultimate response...Askola's book in a number of ways, makes an important contribution to sex trafficking debates and plays a valuable role in situating the peculiarly modern manifestation of this phenomenon in its social, economic, political and sexual context. Vanessa E. Munro International Journal of Law in Context Volume 4/3 2008 I think that this academic exploration into trafficking of women for prostitution is a welcome addition to the list of scarce writings on the subject and will add to the debate. Sally Ramage Internet Law Book Reviews May 2007 This book will be of interest to public authority lawyers...It will also be valuable for many national practitioners, like judges, prosecutors, defence lawyers, police officers and NGOs. And, certainly, the book is also of great value from the academic's point of view. Joanna Banach-Gutierrez International Journal of Refugee Law An engaging volume that demands the attention of practitioners and academics alike, Askola succeeds in teasing out the complexities between trafficking of women for sexual exploitation and diverse policy areas such as free movement, migration, criminal justice and development. Meng-Hsuan Chou Journal of Common Market Studies Vol 46, No 2, 2008 As studies of human trafficking increase, so should the quality of research, which LEGAL RESPONSES demonstrates through a reasoned policy critique and response that broadly diagnoses trafficking...those who would best benefit from reading LEGAL RESPONSES, are comparative, human rights, socio-legal and EU law scholars, feminist theorists, lawyers and policy makers concerned with human trafficking, as well as NGO practitioners. Andrew Kowalsky Law and Politics Book Review Vol. 18 No.4 (April 2008) This book by Askola provides an insight into how the European Union and some Member States have dealt with trafficking of women for sexual exploitation...It therefore serves as an important contribution to the study of human trafficking particularly within the context of the European Union, and will benefit students, scholars as well as those working in the field. Tomoya Obokata Common Market Law Review Vol 45 Issue 4 Askola's book offers useful insights into the complex matter of trafficking for sexual exploitation...The fact that she approaches the issue from a feminist point of view is very refreshing and necessary to counterbalance the EU's criminal law approach. For EU legislators and policy makers her book should be an eye-opener as she makes it convincingly clear that the EU's legislation and attitudes are part of the problem rather than the solution. Ingrid Westendorp Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law Vol 15, No 3, 2008 ...it offers a highly informed, coherent and insightful analysis. A unique feature of the book is the way in which it brings together an expert account of longstanding feminist debates on trafficking and prostitution and an equally fluent understanding of the different legal regimes relevant to the issue, thus combining depth with breadth throughout all chapters. This is done in an accessible, and yet sophisticated, way...a fine piece of scholarship, with its solid, informative and accessible analysis having much to offer to a wide range of interested audiences. Anastasia Vakulenko Scolag Legal Journal Issue 371, Sept 08 Askola makes it convincingly clear that trafficking is not a culmination of individual horror stories, but is a constructed phenomenon that stems from a multitude of structural issues This well-written book ... provides a very good insight in the far-reaching complexities of a matter about which we often read in the media without fully understanding its content and context, and which is moreover highly readable. On that basis, I would recommendit as compulsory reading material for all involved in adopting policies that are relevant to trafficking. Fleur van Leeuwen Europan Law Journal Volume 15

Introduction
The Background, Aim and Structure of the Book
Divergence, Convergence and Country Studies
Some Comments on Terminology and the Nature of the Problem
Feminism, Prostitution and Trafficking: A Complex Approach
The Background: Sexual Slavery and Sex Work Revisited
Talking About Trafficking: Debates and Definitions
Towards a More Comprehensive Understanding?
EC Free Movement Law, Freedom and Prostitution
Notions of Freedom and the Legal Regulation of Prostitution
Freedom in European Law
The Common (Sex) Market? Freedom and Prostitution in EC Law
Some Girls are Freer Than Others: EC Law and its Outsiders
Conclusions
Trafficking as Irregular Migration
The European Migration Policy Context
Crowded Houses, People's Homes or Fortress(es in) Europe
(Im)Migration Policy Dilemmas and the European Union
Female Migrants, Migration Policies and Exploitation
From Structural Causes to Exploitative Situations
Helping Trafficking Victims through Short-term Residence Permits?
Conclusions
Criminal Justice Co-Operation Against Trafficking
Trafficking Offences in the Member States
On the Goals and Contents of the Criminal Provisions
Applying the Laws: Female Caricatures and Invisible Men
Trafficking and the Third Pillar
Harmonising or Not-Repressive Emphasis with Vague Results
Anti-trafficking Co-operation: Security, Justice or Freedom?
Conclusions
Trafficking and Human Rights
Female Migrants and International Human Rights
Actual Victims of Trafficking: Included if Invisible?
Potential Victims of Trafficking: Marginalisation of the Marginalised?
Exclusion of Migrant Women From Debates on Women's Rights
The European Union's Human Rights Dimension
Conclusions
Towards a More Comprehensive Approach to Trafficking?
Anti-Trafficking in the Short to Medium Term
Preventing Trafficking in Women in the Long Run
Development, Migration and Gender Empowerment
Sexual Ideologies and the Market for Sexual Services
Final Remarks
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781841136509
ISBN-10: 1841136506
Series: Modern Studies in European Law
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 238
Published: 1st March 2007
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.88  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.5
Edition Number: 1