That there is diversity in the work and retirement behaviors and at- titudes of our small-town respondents is obvious. Thus, attempts to legislate broad solutions to problems of Social Security and other factors of most interest to older persons can be assured of having both supporters and detractors among the elderly in rural settings as well as among other age groups. Within the diversity observed, how- ever, are some results requiring further attention. The relatively positive adjustment to not working of the retired men in the study bodes well for those expecting to leave the work force in the next few years. This positive adjustment mirrors that observed in several other recent studies, of course. Still, those not making positive adjustments must be considered; they will continue to require the attention of various support services so that attempts to solve their problems will be successful. Equally significant is the fact that no clear picture of the work and retirement orientation of these rural men emerged.
On the one hand, they were remaining in the labor force slightly longer than men in urban 67 68 LATER LIFE TRANSITIONS samples and the job satisfaction and preferred retirement age for men still working had increased over the decade. On the other hand, the value placed on work had decreased, attitudes toward retirement had become more positive, and the men were more work than non- work oriented.
`... this book is an important addition to the gerontological literature on aging rural residents and on the work and retirement experiences of aging men. It should be read by students, professionals and program planners who are concerned with these areas.'
Journal of Gerontology
1 The Setting.- I Work and Retirement in Small Towns.- 2 Employment Behavior after Age 50.- 3 Job Attitudes and Work Values.- 4 Retirement Attitudes and Adjustment.- 5 Work/Nonwork Orientations.- 6 Changes in Preferred Age of Retirement.- I Summary.- II Life Styles in Small Towns.- 7 Financial Situation.- 8 Health Patterns.- 9 Family Networks and Helping Patterns.- 10 Importance of Life Areas.- 11 Attitudes and Perceptions.- 12 Changing Patterns and Life Satisfaction.- II Summary.- Epilogue.- Appendix Study Design and Sample Characteristics, 1964 and 1974.- References.
Series: Longitudinal Research in the Behavioral Social & Medical Sciences, No 5
Number Of Pages: 193
Published: 31st January 1985
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2
Weight (kg): 1.07