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Laser-Aided Diagnostics of Plasmas and Gases : SERIES ON PLASMA PHYSICS - Katsunori Muraoka

Laser-Aided Diagnostics of Plasmas and Gases

SERIES ON PLASMA PHYSICS

Hardcover Published: 7th December 2000
ISBN: 9780750306430
Number Of Pages: 200

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Updated and expanded from the original Japanese edition, Laser-Aided Diagnostics of Gases and Plasmas takes a unique approach in treating laser-aided diagnostics. The book unifies the subject by joining applications instead of describing each application as a totally separate system. In taking this approach, it highlights the relative strengths of each method and shows how they can complement each other in the study of gases and plasmas.
The first part of the book presents a general introduction to the laser-aided study of gases and plasmas, including the various principles and hardware needed for each method, while the second part describes the applications of each general system in detail.
Beneficial to a wide spectrum of academic and industrial researchers, this book provides a solid examination of the various options and methods available when involved in the analysis and diagnostics of gases and plasmas.

Industry Reviews

Professors Muraoka and Maeda are longtime pioneers in laser-aided diagnostics of plasmas and gases. This book provides a wide-ranging unified description of techniques including their principles, applications and laser hardware. The text can be strongly recommended either for graduate students or for people working in diagnostics of plasmas and gases. Dr Jayr de Amorim Filho, Instituto Tecnolsgico de Aeronautica, Brazil ors Muraoka and Maeda are longtime pioneers in laser-aided diagnostics of plasmas and gases. This book provides a wide-ranging unified description of techniques including their principles, applications and laser hardware. The text can be strongly recommended either for graduate students or for people working in diagnostics of plasmas and gases. Dr Jayr de Amorim Filho, Instituto Tecnolsgico de Aeronautica, Brazil

Forewordp. ix
Fundamentalsp. 1
Laser-Aided Diagnostics of Gases and Plasmasp. 3
Properties of Gasesp. 4
Classification of Gaseous Statesp. 4
Fundamental Parameters used to describe Gasesp. 5
Properties of Plasmasp. 6
Different Areas of Plasma Applicationsp. 6
Fundamental Parameters used to describe Plasmasp. 8
Summaryp. 11
Different States of Matter and their Kinetic Propertiesp. 13
Characteristics of Laser Lightp. 14
Coherencep. 14
Short Pulse Generationp. 19
Advantages of Laser-Aided Measurement Methodsp. 21
Referencesp. 25
Basic Principles of Different Laser-Aided Measurement Techniquesp. 26
Interaction of Electromagnetic Waves with Single Particlesp. 27
Thomson Scattering by Charged Particlesp. 28
Mie and Rayleigh Scatteringp. 29
Raman Scatteringp. 31
Resonant Absorptionp. 32
Photo-Ionizationp. 33
Laser Propagation through Gases and Plasmasp. 33
Reflectionp. 33
Transmissionp. 36
Refractionp. 43
Scatteringp. 45
Photo-Ionizationp. 52
Spectral Profile Measurementsp. 54
Summary of Line Broadening Mechanismsp. 54
Examples of Spectral Widthsp. 56
Spectral Profile Measurement Techniquesp. 57
Referencesp. 59
Hardware for Laser Measurementsp. 60
Lasersp. 60
Overview of Laser Systemsp. 60
Control of Laser Lightp. 66
Gas Lasersp. 70
Solid-State and Semiconductor Diode Lasersp. 75
Tunable Lasersp. 79
Nonlinear Wavelength Conversion Devicesp. 82
Nonlinear Optical Effectsp. 82
Higher Harmonic Generation and Frequency Mixingp. 85
Optical Parametric Oscillatorsp. 87
Stimulated Scatteringp. 88
Optical Elements and Optical Instrumentsp. 90
Dispersion Elements and Spectrometersp. 90
Interferometersp. 93
Optical Waveguidesp. 97
Other Optical Elementsp. 99
Detectors and Signal Processingp. 103
Light Detectorsp. 103
Imaging Detectorsp. 108
Noise Sources and Signal Recoveryp. 110
Observation of Fast Waveformsp. 112
Referencesp. 113
Applications and Measurementsp. 115
Plasma Measurementsp. 117
Overview of Plasma Spectroscopic Methodsp. 117
Laser-Aided Measurements in High-Temperature Plasmasp. 121
Measurement of Plasma Density and Temperaturep. 121
Measurement of Density and Temperature of Neutral and Impurity Speciesp. 131
Measurement of Electric and Magnetic Fields and Plasma Fluctuationsp. 136
Laser-Aided Measurements in Discharge Plasmasp. 138
Measurement of Electric Fieldp. 139
Measurement of Electron Density and Temperaturep. 153
Measurement of Reaction Productsp. 179
Referencesp. 185
Combustion Measurementsp. 188
Combustion Fields and Laser-Aided Measurementsp. 188
Measurement of Particle Densitiesp. 189
Measurement of Temperaturep. 193
Measurement of Velocityp. 196
Examples of Combustion Measurementsp. 196
Measurements by Laser-Induced Fluorescence Spectroscopyp. 197
Measurements by Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopyp. 201
Measurements by Degenerate Four-Wave Mixingp. 204
Referencesp. 206
Measurements in Gas Flow Systemsp. 207
Measurement of Refractive Index Changes (Density Measurements)p. 208
Schlieren Methodp. 209
Shadowgraphyp. 211
Interferometryp. 212
Holographyp. 213
Measurement of Flow Velocityp. 214
Measurement Techniquesp. 215
Examples of Measurementsp. 218
Imaging of Gas Flows by Laser-Induced Fluorescencep. 222
Measurement of Density Distributionsp. 224
Measurement of Temperature Distributionsp. 226
Referencesp. 229
Laser Processing Measurementsp. 230
Laser Processingp. 230
Measurement Methods in Laser Processingp. 234
Different Methods and their Advantagesp. 234
Detection of Atomic and Molecular Speciesp. 237
Examples of Laser Processing Measurementsp. 240
Measurements of Laser CVD Processesp. 241
Measurements of Laser Ablation Processesp. 247
Referencesp. 256
Analytical Chemistryp. 258
Analytical Chemistry and Laser Spectroscopyp. 258
Examples of Analysis using Laser Spectroscopic Techniquesp. 260
Analysis using Laser Raman Spectroscopyp. 260
Analysis using Laser-Induced Emission Spectroscopyp. 262
Analysis using Laser-Induced Fluorescence Spectroscopyp. 264
Analysis using Laser Ionization Spectroscopyp. 268
Analysis using Laser Photothermal Spectroscopyp. 271
Referencesp. 274
Remote Sensingp. 276
LIDAR and Monitoring of the Atmospherep. 276
LIDAR Theoryp. 277
Different LIDAR Techniquesp. 278
Representative LIDAR Experimentsp. 280
Mie Scattering LIDARp. 280
Rayleigh Scattering LIDARp. 283
Differential Absorption LIDAR (DIAL)p. 285
Raman LIDARp. 289
Referencesp. 290
Indexp. 291
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780750306430
ISBN-10: 0750306432
Series: SERIES ON PLASMA PHYSICS
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 200
Published: 7th December 2000
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Ltd
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.88  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.64
Edition Number: 1

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