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Language, Truth and Ontology : Philosophical Studies Series - Kevin Mulligan

Language, Truth and Ontology

Philosophical Studies Series

By: Kevin Mulligan (Editor)

Hardcover

Published: 31st December 1991
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All except three of the papers in this volume were presented at the colloquium on "L'Ontologie formelle aujourd'hui", Geneva, 3-5 June 1988. The three exceptions, the papers by David Armstrong, Uwe Meixner and Wolfgang Lenzen, were presented at the colloquium on "Properties", Zinal, June 1-3, 1990. It was, incidentally, at the second of these two colloquia that the European Society for Analytic Philosophy came into being. The fathers of analytic philosophy - Moore and Russell - were in no doubt that ontology or metaphysics as well as the topics oflanguage, truth and logic constituted the core subject-matter of their "analytic realism", 1 for the task of metaphysics as they conceived things was the description of 2 the world. And logic and ontology are indissolubly linked in the system of the grandfather of analytic philosophy, Frege. After the Golden Age of analytic philosophy - in Cambridge and Austria - opposition to realism as well as the "linguistic turn" contributed for a long time to the eclipse of ontology. 3 Thanks in large measure to the work of some of the senior contributors to the present volume - Roderick Chisholm, Herbert Hochberg, David Armstrong and Karel Lambert - ontology and metaphysics now enjoy once again the central position they occupied some eighty years ago in the heyday of analytic philosophy.

Preface
The Basic Ontological Categoriesp. 1
The Basic Conceptsp. 2
Individual Things and Eventsp. 5
Beginnings and Processesp. 5
Necessary Substancep. 12
Propertiesp. 14
Why We Should Admit Propertiesp. 15
Universals vs. Tropesp. 22
On Negative and Disjunctive Propertiesp. 28
Particulars, Individual Qualities, and Universalsp. 37
Characteristica Universalisp. 48
Preamblep. 48
From Leibniz to Fregep. 49
Directly Depicting Diagrams vs. Existential Graphsp. 51
Some Conditions on a Directly Depicting Languagep. 53
The Oil-Painting Principlep. 56
Primitives and Definitionsp. 57
Substancep. 64
Accidentsp. 67
Sub-Atoms (Mutually Dependent Parts of Atoms)p. 70
Boundaries and Boundary Dependencep. 71
Universalsp. 73
Definite Descriptions and the Theory of Objectsp. 78
A New Explanationp. 78
An Application of the Foregoing Explanationp. 82
Truth Makers, Truth Predicates, and Truth Typesp. 87
Worlds and States of Affairs: How Similar Can They Be?p. 118
Motivationp. 118
Salmon's Counterexamplep. 120
The Branching Conceptionp. 125
Was Frege Right about Variable Objects?p. 133
Logical Atomism and Its Ontological Refinement: A Defensep. 157
Logical Atomism, Whatp. 157
Examples of the Avoidance of Unnecessary Factsp. 161
Disputed Case I: Negative Propositionsp. 163
Disputed Case II: Universal Generalizationp. 166
Other Higher Order Functorsp. 168
Statistical Generalizations and Probabilityp. 170
Laws of Nature and Causalityp. 171
Applied Mathematics, Dispositions, and Othersp. 174
Resolution and Ultimate Factsp. 175
Intentionality and Tendency: How to Make Aristotle Up-To-Datep. 180
The Problemp. 181
Aristotlep. 182
Newtonian Self-Changep. 183
Intentionalityp. 186
Temporally Extended Entitiesp. 188
The Duality of Intentionsp. 189
Formal Ontology Todayp. 190
Leibniz on Properties and Individualsp. 193
Index of Namesp. 205
Index of Subjectsp. 208
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792315094
ISBN-10: 079231509X
Series: Philosophical Studies Series
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 214
Published: 31st December 1991
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 1.4
Weight (kg): 1.1