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Language, Identity, and Social Division : The Case of Israel - Eliezer Ben-Rafael

Language, Identity, and Social Division

The Case of Israel

Hardcover Published: 24th February 1994
ISBN: 9780198240723
Number Of Pages: 300

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The shift to Hebrew as a national language is at the root of the creation of Israel, yet many Jewish former immigrants still use the language of their country of origin. Ultra-orthodox communities retain their own codes, and the use of Arabic remains a clear marker of the Israeli-Arab town and village. At the same time Israel's position in international affairs has encouraged a wide penetration of the society, along class lines, by languages of world-wide communication. These very same languages, for example English and French, have different values in their local context, and play active and different roles in the formation of social boundaries. In his analysis Eliezer Ben-Rafael focuses on linguistic resources and symbols which reflect and reveal the complex structure of class, ethnic, religious and national identities and cleavages in Israeli society. More generally, he uses the Israeli case to show how sociolinguistic ideas may be related to sociological approaches to test some general sociological propositions about social aspects of language use. The book should be of interest to sociologists, sociolinguistics and cultural anthropologists interested in language as a socio-cultural phenomenon, as well as scholars with an interest in Jewish and Middle Eastern Studies. Eliezer Ben-Rafael is the author of "Status, Power and Conflict in the Kibbutz" and "The Emergence of Ethnicity: Cultural Groups and Social Conflict in Israel", and co-author of "Ethnicity, Class and Religion in Israel" with (S. Sharot).

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Ben-Rafael's book is sure to make a valuable contribution. * Anthropological Linguistics *

List of Tables
Introductionp. 1
Language in Societyp. 7
Language in Social Contextp. 7
An Object of Theoretical Deliberationp. 8
A Comprehensive Schemap. 10
Culture and Social Systemsp. 12
The Socio-linguistics of Social Systemsp. 12
The Symbolic Orderp. 13
Aspects of the Dominant Culturep. 15
The Dimension of Languagep. 17
Social Divisions and Languagep. 19
Social Marking and Bilingualismp. 19
The Sociology and Socio-linguistics of Class Cleavagesp. 22
Ethnicity in Sociology and Socio-linguisticsp. 24
Socio-cultural Groupingsp. 27
Structural Parametersp. 29
The Various Profilesp. 32
Directions of Changep. 35
The Market of Languagesp. 38
Languages as Resourcesp. 38
The Role of Powerp. 39
Linguistic Capital and Social Carriersp. 40
A Typologyp. 43
Language Revival, Integration, and Elitismp. 49
Ideology and Languagep. 49
The Languages of the Diasporap. 50
Hebrew Revivedp. 53
The Historical-Linguistic Debate and Present Dynamismp. 55
Dugri Speechp. 58
The Hebrew of the Kibbutzp. 62
The Shift to Hebrewp. 66
The Deletion of Russian, Polish, and Yiddishp. 66
Rumanian and German Confrontedp. 73
Imposing without Coercingp. 79
Hebrew among the Sephardimp. 79
French, Arabic, and Spanish among the North Africansp. 81
The Linguistic Transformation of Middle-Easternersp. 84
Israel's Social Cleavagesp. 93
A New Classp. 93
Ethnicity among Jewsp. 95
The National Religiousp. 100
The Ultra-Orthodoxp. 101
The Dominant Culture Confronted by Religiosityp. 103
Jews and Arabsp. 106
The Quantitative Dimensionp. 111
Languages and Stratificationp. 121
Arabic, Yiddish, and English as Class Markersp. 122
Languages in the Class Structurep. 124
Languages and Ethnicityp. 132
Language and Community among Ashkenazimp. 134
Non-Ashkenazi Communitiesp. 138
New Challenges from Ethiopia and Russiap. 145
The Languages of the Religious Cleavagesp. 152
Yiddish and Loyshen Koydesh versus Hebrewp. 153
Elitism versus Mainstreamp. 159
The Case of a National Minorityp. 166
The Israeli Arabsp. 166
Urban and Rural Communitiesp. 168
French Education for Arabsp. 171
The Languages of the Drusep. 173
English in Societyp. 179
The Forces of the Linguistic Marketp. 179
The Sociology of English in Israelp. 181
Identity Forged by Languagep. 183
The Social Transformation of Frenchp. 190
The High-School Students of Frenchp. 191
The Parents' Attitude towards Frenchp. 193
Teachers and Principalsp. 196
Is French still the Language of a Community?p. 198
Yiddish in Israelp. 201
Jews against Yiddishp. 201
A Yiddish Theatre in Tel Avivp. 202
The Language of the Elderlyp. 204
Yiddish as a Linguistic Resourcep. 207
The Diffusion of Arabicp. 209
The Language of the Weakp. 209
An Object of Policyp. 211
The Lack of Ethnic Backingp. 212
A Weak Linguistic-Capital Valuep. 214
The Syndromep. 216
Identity, Boundaries, and Languagep. 221
The Facets of the Dominant Culturep. 221
New Aspectsp. 223
The Impact of the Language Marketp. 229
A Multi-Cleavage View of Societyp. 232
Towards a Theoretical Approachp. 237
Dominance, Elitism, and Desinvolture Langagierep. 237
Classes and Ethnic Groups as Socio-cultural Groupingsp. 238
Values of Languages and Social Statusp. 241
Appendix 1. Social Factors Relating to the Knowledge of Languagesp. 244
Appendix 2. The Non-Hebrew Israeli Pressp. 248
List of Referencesp. 253
Indexp. 275
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780198240723
ISBN-10: 0198240724
Series: Oxford Studies in Language Contact
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 300
Published: 24th February 1994
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.8 x 16.2  x 2.3
Weight (kg): 0.66