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Language Diversity and Thought : A Reformulation of the Linguistic Relativity Hypothesis - John A. Lucy

Language Diversity and Thought

A Reformulation of the Linguistic Relativity Hypothesis

Paperback

Published: 31st August 1992
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Language Diversity and Thought examines the Sapir-Whorf linguistic relativity hypothesis: the proposal that the grammar of the particular language that we speak affects the way we think about reality. Adopting a historical approach, the book reviews the various lines of empirical inquiry that arose in America in response to the ideas of anthropologists Edward Sapir and Benjamin L. Whorf. John Lucy asks why there has been so little fruitful empirical research on this problem and what lessons can be learned from past work. He then proposes a new, more adequate approach to future empirical research. A companion volume, Grammatical Categories and Cognition, illustrates the proposed approach with an original case study. The study compares the grammar of American English with that of Yucatec Maya, an indigenous language spoken in southeastern Mexico, and then identifies distinctive patterns of thinking related to the differences between the two languages.

List of figuresp. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. x
Introductionp. 1
General orientationp. 1
Focus of the present researchp. 5
Overview of the researchp. 8
Development of the linguistic relativity hypothesis in America: Boas and Sapirp. 11
Language as the reflection of culture: Boasp. 11
Language and the relativity of the form of thought: Sapirp. 17
Conclusionp. 24
Development of the linguistic relativity hypothesis in America: Whorfp. 25
Introductionp. 25
The linguistic analysis of experiencep. 26
The relation of languages to thought and culturep. 38
General summaryp. 67
Approaches in anthropological linguistics: typical ethnographic case studiesp. 69
Introductionp. 69
Grammar as a direct reflection of culture: the work of Leep. 70
Grammar as language, vocabulary as culture: the work of Mathiotp. 72
Thematic parallels between language and culture: the work of Hoijerp. 75
Summaryp. 82
Approaches in anthropological linguistics: theoretical and methodological advancesp. 84
Introductionp. 84
Controlled comparison of structural diversityp. 85
Diversity in the cultural uses of languagep. 102
Susceptibility to awareness of language structure and functionp. 115
General summaryp. 126
Approaches in comparative psycholinguistics: experimental studies on the lexical coding of colorp. 127
Introductionp. 127
The psycholinguistic approach to the relativity questionp. 128
Linguistic structure as a determinant of color cognitionp. 157
Color cognition as a determinant of linguistic structurep. 177
General summaryp. 185
Approaches in comparative psycholinguistics: experimental studies on grammatical categoriesp. 188
Form classes and habitual classificationp. 188
Logical connectors and formal reasoningp. 208
Overall conclusionsp. 255
Overview and assessment of previous empirical researchp. 257
Overview of past empirical researchp. 257
Towards a new empirical approachp. 263
Notesp. 277
Referencesp. 308
Indexp. 322
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521387972
ISBN-10: 0521387973
Series: Studies in the Social & Cultural Foundations of Language
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 344
Published: 31st August 1992
Publisher: CAMBRIDGE UNIV PR
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.68 x 14.83  x 1.85
Weight (kg): 0.48