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Knights and Warhorses : Military Service and the English Aristocracy under Edward III - Andrew Ayton

Knights and Warhorses

Military Service and the English Aristocracy under Edward III

Paperback Published: 22nd April 1999
ISBN: 9780851157399
Number Of Pages: 320

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A first-rate study of the terms of military service of knights and their mounts...(Horse) inventories recorded the process of horse appraisal whereby a man-at-arms' horse was valued for the purposes of an equine compensation scheme...Ayton uses these appraisals to trace the fortunes and gauge the social status of many horse-owners. HISTORY TODAY A judicious and illuminating survey...deserves a wide readership. ENGLISH HISTORICAL REVIEW The mounted, armoured knight is one of the most potent symbols of medieval civilisation; indeed, for much of the middle ages the armoured warhorse was what defined a man as a member of the military class. However, despite the status of the knightly warrior in medieval society, the military service of the later medieval English aristocracy remains an unaccountably neglected subject, and the warhorse itself has never attracted a major study based upon archival sources. This book seeks to open up new fields of research: it focuses on the horse inventories, documents which offer detailed lists of men-at-arms and their appraised warhorses, the valuation of which is a measure of its owner's social and military status. Dr Ayton is primarily concerned with the inventories and related records for Edward III's reign, a period which witnessed significant changes in the organisation of the English fighting machine. The documents produced during this period of 'military revolution' cast valuable light on the character and attitudes of the aristocratic military community at a time when its traditional role was in the course of re-evaluation.Dr ANDREW AYTONis senior lecturer in history at the University of Hull.

Industry Reviews

A first-rate study of the terms of military service of knights and their mounts. HISTORY TODAY

A judicious and illuminating survey... deserves a wide readership. ENGLISH HISTORICAL REVIEW

Dr Ayton has transformed understanding of Edward III's armies - compulsory reading for anyone interested in the Hundred Years War. WAR IN HISTORY

List of Tables
Introductionp. 1
The Military Revolution in Edwardian Englandp. 9
The Warhorse and Aristocratic Societyp. 26
The image of the aristocratic warrior in fourteenth-century Englandp. 26
The English warhorse in the fourteenth century: the sourcesp. 38
The Horse Inventories: Documents and Administrative Processesp. 49
Inventories and restauro equorum accountsp. 49
The appraisal of warhorsesp. 50
Compensation for lossesp. 71
Restauro Equorum, Vadia Guerre and the Profits of Warp. 84
Pay and the appraisal of warhorses: the reigns of Edward I and Edward IIp. 84
A period of experiment: the reign of Edward IIIp. 96
The end of restauro equorump. 120
The Personnel of Edwardian Armies: An Assessment of the Sourcesp. 138
The vadia guerre accountsp. 138
Letters of protection, charters of pardon and muster rollsp. 156
The horse inventoriesp. 169
The Warhorses of the Edwardian Aristocracyp. 194
Chronological overviewp. 194
The reliability of the evidencep. 198
The warhorse in fourteenth-century England: rise and declinep. 209
Knights and esquiresp. 224
Captains and retinuesp. 229
App. 1. The Scottish Campaign, 1336p. 257
App. 2. The Breton Campaign, 1342-43p. 258
App. 3. The Reims Campaign, 1359-60p. 265
Bibliographyp. 272
Indexp. 291
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780851157399
ISBN-10: 0851157394
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 320
Published: 22nd April 1999
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.72  x 2.34
Weight (kg): 0.55
Edition Type: New edition