Kinetic Theory of Granular Gases provides an introduction to the rapidly developing theory of dissipative gas dynamics - a theory which has mainly evolved over the last decade. The book is aimed at readers from the advanced undergraduate level upwards and leads on to the present state of research. Throughout, special emphasis is put on a microscopically consistent description of pairwise particle collisions which leads to an impact-velocity-dependent coefficient of restitution. The description of the many-particle system, based on the Boltzmann equation, starts with the derivation of the velocity distribution function, followed by the investigation of self-diffusion and Brownian motion. Using hydrodynamical methods, transport processes and self-organized structure formation are studied.
An appendix gives a brief introduction to event-driven molecular dynamics. A second appendix describes a novel mathematical technique for derivation of kinetic properties, which allows for the application of computer algebra. The text is self-contained, requiring no mathematical or physical knowledge beyond that of standard physics undergraduate level. The material is adequate for a one-semester course and contains chapter summaries as well as exercises with detailed solutions. The molecular dynamics and computer-algebra programs can be downloaded from a companion web page.
"Kinetic Theory of Granular Gases is an admirable contribution by two experts of this rapidly evolving field. In addition to technical details, it provides important insights that are essential for graduate students thinking about the similarities and differences between normal and granular gases.
The book fills a significant gap, and I expect it will be adopted for graduate courses in both physics and engineering programs."--Physics Today
I Mechanics of Particle Collisions
2: Particle collisions
3: Coefficients of restitution
4: Applications to few-particle systems
II Granular Gases - Velocity Distribution Function
5: Cooling granular gas - Haff's law
6: Boltzmann equation
7: Sonine polynomials expansion of the velocity distribution function
8: Velocity distribution and temperature of a granular gas for the case epsilon = const.
9: Velocity distribution function and temperature for viscoelastic particles
10: High-energy tail of the velocity distribution function
11: Two-dimensional granular gases
III Single-particle Transport, Self-Diffusion and Brownian Motion
12: Diffusion and self-diffusion
13: Pseudo-Liouville and binary collision operators in dissipative gas dynamics
14: Coefficient of self-diffusion
15: Brownian motion in granular gases
16: Two-dimensional granular gases
IV Transport Processes and Kinetic Coefficients
17: Granular gas as a continuum: hydrodynamic equations
18: Chapman-Enskog approach for non-uniform granular gases
19: Kinetic coefficients and velocity distribution for gases of elastic particles
20: Kinetic coefficients for granular gases of simplified particles
21: Kinetic coefficients for granular gases of viscoelastic particles
22: Chapman-Enskog method for self-diffusion coefficients
23: Two-dimensional granular gases
V Structure Formation
24: Instability of the homogeneous cooling state
25: Structure formation for epsilon = const.
26: Structure formation in granular gases of viscoelastic particles
27: Nonlinear mechanisms for structure formation
28: Two-dimensional granular gases
A: Functions of the collision integral
B: Molecular dynamics of granular gases
C: Solutions to the problems