This is a book about the petrology of kimberlites. It is not about upper mantle xenoliths, diamonds, or prospecting for kimberlites. The object of the book is to provide a comprehensive survey and critique of the advances which have been made in kimberlite studies over the last twenty-five years. Kimberlites are rare rock types; however, their relative obscurity is overriden by their economic and petrological importance to a degree which is not shared with the commoner varieties of igneous rocks. Kimberlites are consequently of interest to a diverse group of earth scientists, ranging from isotope g~ochemists concerned with the evolution of the mantle, to volcanologists pondering the origins of diatremes, to exploration geologists seeking new occurrences of the diamondiferous varieties. A common factor essential to all of these activities is a thorough understanding of the characteristics of kimberlites. For the petrologist, kimberlites are exciting and challenging objects for study.
Their petrographic diversity, complex mineralogy and geochemistry, and unusual style of intrusion provide endless opportunities for stimulating hypothesis and conjecture concerning their origin and evolution. Kimberlites are a part of a wide spectrum of continental intra-cratonic magmatism. Only by understanding all of the parts of this activity in detail may we make progress in our understanding of the whole.
1. Historical Aspects of Kimberlite Petrology.- 2. Kimberlite and Related Rocks.- 3. Kimberlite Magmatism and Textural Genetic Classifications of Kimberlite.- 4. Diatremes and Root Zones.- 5. Kimberlite Fields and Provinces: Their Tectonic Setting.- 6. Mineralogy of Kimberlites.- 7. Geochemistry of Kimberlites.- 8. Experimental Studies Relevant to the Formation and Crystallization of Kimberlite Magma.- 9. Petrogenesis and Evolution of Kimberlite Magma.- Postscript.- References.
Number Of Pages: 442
Published: 30th April 1986
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.4 x 15.6
Weight (kg): 0.82