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Kant's Ethical Thought : Modern European Philosophy - Allen W. Wood

Kant's Ethical Thought

Modern European Philosophy

Paperback Published: 3rd January 2000
ISBN: 9780521648363
Number Of Pages: 464

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This is a major new study of Kant's ethics that will transform the way students and scholars approach the subject in future. Allen Wood argues that Kant's ethical vision is grounded in the idea of the dignity of the rational nature of every human being. Undergoing both natural competitiveness and social antagonism the human species, according to Kant, develops the rational capacity to struggle against its impulses towards a human community in which the ends of all are to harmonize and coincide. The distinctive features of the book are twofold. First, it focuses for the first time on the central role played in Kant's ethical theory by the value of rational nature as an end itself. Second, it shows the importance of Kant's systematic theory of human nature and history, and its implications for the structure, formulation, and application of Kant's moral principles. This comprehensive study will be of critical importance to students of moral philosophy, the history of ideas, political theory, and religious studies.

'A remarkably broad and detailed panorama of Kant's overall approach to ethics ! a profound understanding of the Kantian corpus ! the most comprehensive and authoritative study of Kant's ethics that I know of.' Justin Oakley, Times Literary Supplement

Prefacep. xiii
Abbreviationsp. xvii
Citationsp. xvii
Formulas and propositionsp. xx
Table of duties of virtuep. xxiv
Introductionp. 1
An Enlightenment moralistp. 1
Human equalityp. 5
Morality and human naturep. 8
Kant's ethical writingsp. 11
The structure of this bookp. 13
Metaphysical Foundations
Common rational moral cognitionp. 17
Grounding ethical theoryp. 17
The good willp. 21
Acting from dutyp. 26
Moral worth and maximsp. 40
Respect for lawp. 42
Rational will and imperativesp. 50
The willp. 50
A priori practical principlesp. 55
Hypothetical imperativesp. 60
Assertoric imperativesp. 65
Categorical imperativesp. 70
The formula of universal lawp. 76
Objective practical principlesp. 76
The derivation of FUL and FLNp. 78
Applying FLN: suicidep. 82
False promises and converted depositsp. 87
Rusting talentsp. 90
Refusing to helpp. 91
The problems with FULp. 97
Exceptional behavior and self-preferencep. 107
The formula of humanity as end in itselfp. 111
Ends and determining grounds of the willp. 111
Ends in themselves and existent endsp. 114
Humanity and personalityp. 118
Things and personsp. 122
Kant's derivation of FHp. 124
The equal worth of all rational beingsp. 132
Applying FHp. 139
The structure of arguments from FHp. 150
The formula of autonomy and the realm of endsp. 156
The ground of obligationp. 156
FA as a moral principlep. 163
The realm of endsp. 165
Freedom and the moral lawp. 171
Formulating the moral lawp. 182
Anthropological Applications
The study of human naturep. 193
Practical anthropologyp. 193
The difficulty of self-knowledgep. 196
Pragmatic anthropologyp. 202
Human history as a natural phenomenonp. 207
Natural teleologyp. 215
The history of human naturep. 226
Herder vs. Kantp. 226
Historical conjecturesp. 233
The first free choicep. 235
The origin of moralityp. 238
Kant's historical materialismp. 244
Human inclinations and affectionsp. 250
Natural desirep. 250
Natural passionsp. 253
Social passionsp. 259
Desire and deceptionp. 265
Sympathy, love, and charityp. 269
Friendshipp. 275
The historical vocation of moralityp. 283
The radical evil in human naturep. 283
Nature and culturep. 291
Reason, communication, and enlightenmentp. 300
The ethical communityp. 309
Conclusionp. 321
The final form of Kant's ethical theoryp. 321
The sphere of rightp. 322
Ethics as a system of dutiesp. 323
Ethics as a system of endsp. 325
Ethics as virtuep. 329
What is Kantian ethics about?p. 333
Notesp. 337
Indexp. 419
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521648363
ISBN-10: 052164836X
Series: Modern European Philosophy
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 464
Published: 3rd January 2000
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.8 x 15.2  x 2.5
Weight (kg): 0.63