This book provides an introduction to Judaism in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries for all students of Judaism and world religions, and covers major movements that have been developed. Written by a leading teacher and researcher, each chapter features a clear and authoritative introduction to its subject, accompanied by a reading by a specialist in the particular field. Illustrating the story of religious life in modern times, modern Judaism over the past two centuries has had to answer two urgent questions: how should Jews live among gentiles? And, is it possible to live among gentiles? By choice Jews had for centuries lived segregated lives, but in modern times many wished to integrate themselves into the politics and culture of the countries where they lived, whilst at the same time to retaining their enduring faith. This book provides an introduction to six integrationist Judaisms - religious systems that appeal to Scripture and set forth a way of life, world view and definition of who and what is 'Israel'.
The three nineteenth century Judaisms - Reform, which in turn provoked the development of integrationist Orthodoxy as well as the mediating Conservative Judaism - dealt with the issue of how Jews could live by their faith but also within their national community, whether in Europe or the USA. The three twentieth century Judaisms treated here - Zionism, Jewish Socialism and Yiddishism, and the American Judaism of Holocaust and Redemption - responded to the crisis of political and racial anti-Semitism with messages on how, where, and under what conditions in the social order Jews can live at all. The book concludes with an examination of what we can learn about religious experience in general from the case of Judaism.
"This volume, however, is superb.....this volume is sufficiently
thought-provoking to be on every Jewish studies student's table."
Times Educational Supplement
"Neusner's new book is a pleasure to read. The reader can enjoy
observing a penetrating analytical mind at work on the phenomena of
modern judaism, developing a way of looking at its historical and
social problems that will make sense to the beginning student, even
if he or she is not Jewish, and still have validity for the
seasoned historian of religion and culture." William Nichols,
"It is certainly an important book which should be debated and
become required reading for students of contemporary Judaism."
Graham Harvey, Reviews in Religion and Theology
Letter to the Student.
Introduction: What do we mean by "Judaism" And By "Modern Times"?.Part I: The Nineteenth Century:
1. The Challenge of the Secular Age: Segregation or Integration and Three Integrationist Judaisms.
2. Reform Judaism.
3. Orthodox Judaism.
4. Conservative Judaism.Part II: The Twentieth Century:
5. The Challenge of the "Post-Christian" Century and the Response of Three "Post-Christian" Judaisms.
7. Jewish Socialism and Yiddishism.
8. American Judaism of Holocaust and Redemption.
9. What do we learn about religion from Judaism in Modern Times?.