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JSTOR : A History - Roger C. Schonfeld


A History

By: Roger C. Schonfeld, Hal R. Varian (Foreword by)

Hardcover Published: 16th June 2003
ISBN: 9780691115313
Number Of Pages: 412
For Ages: 1 - 17 years old

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Ten years ago, most scholars and students relied on bulky card catalogs, printed bibliographic indices, and hardcopy books and journals. Today, much content is available electronically or online. This book examines the history of one of the first, and most successful, digital resources for scholarly communication, JSTOR. Beginning as a grant-funded project of the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation at the University of Michigan, JSTOR has grown to become a major archive of the backfiles of academic journals, and its own nonprofit organization.

Roger Schonfeld begins this history by looking at JSTOR's original mission of saving storage space and thereby storage costs, a mission that expanded immediately to improving access to the literature. What role did the University play? Could JSTOR have been built without the active involvement of a foundation? Why was it seen as necessary to "spin off" the project? This case study proceeds as an organizational history of the birth and maturation of this nonprofit, which had to emerge from the original university partnership to carve its own identity. How did the grant project evolve into a successful marketplace enterprise? How was JSTOR able to serve its twofold mission of archiving its journals while also providing access to them? What has accounted for its growth? Finally, Schonfeld considers implications of the economic and organizational aspects of archiving as well as the system-wide savings that JSTOR ensures by broadly distributing costs.

Industry Reviews

"Schonfeld's scholarship makes JSTOR: A History a valuable analysis of the mistakes and successes of a digital archive and scholarly resource, while his clear writing almost makes it a page-turner."--Ross MacDonald, Electronic Library "This book is an account of a computer project but equally a thoughtful history of the managerial problems that confront a foundation intent on instigating a far-reaching innovation."--Anthony Smith, Times Higher Education Supplement

List of Illustrationsp. vii
Forewordp. xi
A Note on Publicationp. xiii
Introductionp. xv
Acknowledgmentsp. xxi
List of Abbreviationsp. xxv
A JSTOR Time Linep. xxvii
The Idea at Denison, the Project at Mellon December 1993-January 1994p. 1
In Search of a Partner, but Beginning Alone February-May 1994p. 17
Securing an Institutional Partner: The University of Michigan April-August 1994p. 46
The Pilot Project September 1994-April 1995p. 69
Evolving Organizational Decisions--and Independence February-December 1995p. 95
Defining a Mission in Partnership with Publishers September 1995-August 1996p. 119
Operational Changes at Michigan September 1995-August 1996p. 149
Developing a Business Plan January-December 1996p. 166
A More Thoroughly Professionalized Operation September 1996-December 1997p. 198
Public Availability and Library Participation September 1996-December 1997p. 230
Developing Two New Collections May 1997-December 1999p. 264
Increasing Availability and Participation January 1998-December 1999p. 281
Completing Arts & Sciences I and Strategizing for the Future July 1998-December 1999p. 301
Challenges and Opportunities of Growth January 2000-December 2001p. 318
Conclusion: A Self-Sustaining Organizationp. 355
Epilogue: Lessons Learnedp. 374
List of Journalsp. 387
Bibliographyp. 393
Indexp. 405
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780691115313
ISBN-10: 0691115311
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
For Ages: 1 - 17 years old
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 412
Published: 16th June 2003
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.44 x 16.31  x 3.38
Weight (kg): 0.78