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Journalism Across Cultures : An Introduction - Levi Obijiofor

Journalism Across Cultures

An Introduction

Paperback Published: 26th September 2011
ISBN: 9780230236103
Number Of Pages: 236

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In today's global digital world, journalists are required to be cognisant of ethical and cultural issues beyond usual national boundaries. Drawing on global examples, this text examines international journalism through the authors' wide variety of cultural, educational, teaching and learning backgrounds, including their professional and practical experiences.

While existing books tend to be more focused on specific regions or specific aspects of journalism, this book addresses in a comprehensive way journalism across cultures from a truly global (and holistic) perspective.

It analyses media systems in Africa, Latin America, the Arab world and the Middle East, China, as well as North America and Western Europe. This text is truly interdisciplinary in theoretical and practical approaches because it draws on other fields such as media and cultural studies, anthropology, sociology, linguistics, as well as politics and international relations.

It will provide an introduction to cross-cultural journalism and equip students with the skills and understanding they need today.

About the Author

Levi Obijiofor is Senior Lecturer in Journalism at the School of Journalism and Communication, the University of Queensland, Australia. His research interests focus on foreign news reporting across cultures, impact of new technologies on journalistic practices, as well as journalism education. He teaches postgraduate and undergraduate courses in journalism and communication. Folker Hanusch is Senior Lecturer in Journalism at the University of the Sunshine Coast, Australia. His main research interests centre on news representations of death and dying, travel journalism, as well as comparative journalism practices. He has published widely on these topics in a number of international journals.

Acknowledgmentsp. x
Introductionp. 1
Chapter outlinep. 7
Evolving press theories and media modelsp. 13
Introductionp. 13
Four Theories of the Press: An old map for a changing world?p. 15
Critique of Four Theories of the Pressp. 16
Other attempts to modify press systemsp. 17
North American and Western European modelsp. 19
Hallin and Mancini's three media modelsp. 20
Critique of Hallin and Mancini's bookp. 22
Media systems in Africap. 24
Latin American media systemsp. 27
Arab and Middle East media systemsp. 30
Media transformations in Chinap. 33
Conclusionp. 35
Discussion questionsp. 36
Journalistic practices and role perceptionsp. 37
Introductionp. 37
Journalistic decision-makingp. 38
Journalists' professional views around the worldp. 43
Theoretical frameworks to analyse role perceptionsp. 48
Normative models of regional values in journalismp. 51
Relevance of comparative research to cultural valuesp. 54
Applying values research to comparative journalism practicep. 57
Conclusionp. 60
Discussion questionsp. 61
Journalism education around the worldp. 62
Introductionp. 62
A brief history of journalism education in a global contextp. 63
Growth in journalism educationp. 67
Tensions between practice and theoryp. 70
Licensing of journalistsp. 72
Concerns over imported media modelsp. 73
A shortage of resourcesp. 75
Clashes between state ideology and journalism educationp. 76
Integrating approaches to journalism educationp. 77
Debates over university-based journalism educationp. 80
A global curriculump. 83
Conclusionp. 84
Discussion questionsp. 86
Gender in journalismp. 87
Introductionp. 87
The history of women in journalismp. 88
Representation of women in journalismp. 91
The role of gender in news productionp. 98
Gender and news sourcesp. 102
Gender in journalism: Non-western countriesp. 104
Conclusionp. 106
Discussion questionsp. 108
Foreign news reporting in the digital agep. 109
Introductionp. 109
Declining attention to foreign newsp. 110
'Parachute' journalismp. 114
'Citizen journalists' as foreign correspondentsp. 116
New technologies and quality of foreign reportsp. 120
Impact of new technologies on the broadcast industryp. 122
Contrary evidencep. 124
The 'CNN Effect' and the 'YouTube Factor'p. 126
Conclusionp. 128
Discussion questionsp. 130
Approaches to reporting peace and conflictp. 131
Introductionp. 131
Examples of war reporting around the worldp. 132
The philosophy behind peace journalismp. 136
Critique of peace journalismp. 139
Peace journalism initiativesp. 143
Empirical studies of peace journalismp. 145
Effects of peace-oriented coveragep. 150
Conclusionp. 151
Discussion questionsp. 153
Commercialization of journalismp. 154
Introductionp. 154
Public sphere debatep. 155
Commercialization of news: What is it?p. 156
Commercialization of newspapersp. 158
Commercial pressures on the mediap. 161
Concerns about commercialization of mediap. 164
Market and public service models of mediap. 166
Merits of market-driven mediap. 167
Drawbacks of the market model of mediap. 168
The public service model of mediap. 169
Theories of market-driven journalismp. 171
Newspaper readership and circulation: Declining or risingp. 172
Conclusionp. 174
Discussion questionsp. 176
Impact of new technologiesp. 177
Introductionp. 177
Real-time news reportingp. 180
Increasing interaction between content producers and consumersp. 181
Alternative journalism and civic deliberationp. 182
Drawbacks of technological changesp. 184
New technologies generating new business models of journalismp. 185
Changing demographics of media audiencesp. 187
Ethical challenges and dilemmasp. 189
African journalists adapting to technological changesp. 192
Convergence: For good or bad?p. 194
Conclusionp. 197
Discussion questionsp. 198
Bibliographyp. 199
Name Indexp. 227
Subject Indexp. 231
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780230236103
ISBN-10: 0230236103
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 236
Published: 26th September 2011
Publisher: Macmillan Education UK
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.4 x 15.9  x 1.9
Weight (kg): 0.38
Edition Number: 1

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