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Jesus and the People of God : Reconfiguring Ethnic Identity - Joseph H. Hellerman

Jesus and the People of God

Reconfiguring Ethnic Identity

Hardcover Published: 13th September 2007
ISBN: 9781906055219
Number Of Pages: 396

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How did the Jesus movement-a messianic sectarian version of Palestinian Judaism-transcend its Judaean origins and ultimately establish itself in the Roman East as the multi-ethnic socio-religious experiment we know as early Christianity? In this major work, Hellerman, drawing upon his background as a social historian, proposes that a clue to the success of the Christian movement lay in Jesus' own conception of the people of God, and in how he reconfigured its identity from that of ethnos to that of family. Pointing first to Jesus' critique of sabbath-keeping, the Jerusalem temple, and Jewish dietary laws-practices central to the preservation of Judaean social identity-he argues that Jesus' intention was to destabilize the idea of God's people as a localized ethnos. In its place he conceived the social identity of the people of God as a surrogate family or kinship group, a social entity based not on common ancestry but on a shared commitment to his kingdom programme.Jesus of Nazareth thus functioned as a kind of ethnic entrepreneur, breaking down the boundaries of ethnic Judaism and providing an ideological foundation and symbolic framework for the wider expansion of the Jesus movement. Joseph Hellerman's Jesus and the People of God takes a whole new approach to understanding the social dynamic at work in Jesus' public teaching and ministry . an important breakthrough in Jesus research . [that] deserves a careful hearing. - Craig A. Evans, Payzant Distinguished Professor of New Testament, Acadia Divinity College, and author of Jesus and his Contemporaries. Has the recent phase of the quest of the historical Jesus properly stressed those ways in which Jesus broke from the prevailing nationalism of his day? Hellerman puts it all together, offering a compelling portrait of the Jewish Jesus who nevertheless saw the fulfillment of Sabbath and festivals, temple and purity laws in him. - Craig L. Blomberg, Distinguished Professor of New Testament, Denver Seminary, and author of Jesus and the Gospels.

Joseph Hellerman's Jesus and the People of God takes a whole new approach to understanding the social dynamic at work in Jesus' public teaching and ministry ... an important breakthrough in Jesus research ... [that] deserves a careful hearing. -- Craig A. Evans, Payzant Distinguished Professor of New Testament, Acadia Divinity College, and author of Jesus and his Contemporaries.Has the recent phase of the quest of the historical Jesus properly stressed those ways in which Jesus broke from the prevailing nationalism of his day? Hellerman puts it all together, offering a compelling portrait of the Jewish Jesus who nevertheless saw the fulfillment of Sabbath and festivals, temple and purity laws in him. -- Craig L. Blomberg, Distinguished Professor of New Testament, Denver Seminary, and author of Jesus and the Gospels.

Abbreviations xiIntroduCtIon 11. Some Methodological Considerations 42. Charting our Course Together 6Chapter 1BoundarIes and CrIsIs:the story of a PartICular PeoPle of God 101. Boundaries in the Eyes of Non-Judeans 112. Boundaries in the Hebrew Scriptures 203. The Crisis of Hellenization 27Chapter 2InterPretInG reCent hIstorythe MaCCaBean theoloGICal enterPrIse 371. 1 Maccabees 392. 2 Maccabees 453. 4 Maccabees 534. Conclusion 59Chapter 3reCraftInG Israel's story:the Genre of the rewrItten BIBle 611. Jubilees 612. Pseudo-Philo 733. Judith 784. Additions to Esther 845. Conclusion 88Chapter 4Jesus and JewIsh natIonalIsM: Issues of aPProaCh and MethodoloGy 901. The Canonical Gospels and the Jesus of History:An Overview 912. Tradition History and a Gesamtbild of the Historical Jesus 943. Behind the Scenes: Cultural Scripts and Gospel Interpretation 1024. Nationalism, Legalism, and the Not-So-New Perspective 1075. Conclusion 120viii Jesus and the People of GodChapter 5Jesus and saCred tIMes 1231. Jesus and Sabbath 1242. Jesus and the Jewish Festivals 1453. Conclusion 166Chapter 6Jesus and saCred sPaCe 1671. Territoriality and the Cultic Topography of the Jerusalem Temple 1682. Predictions of the Temple's Destruction 1723. Jesus' Action in the Temple 1774. Neither on This Mountain Nor in Jerusalem 1885. Summary: Jesus and Sacred Space 202Chapter 7Jesus and saCred food 2041. Food, Social Relations, and Jewish Sectarianism 2062. Dismantling Intra-Jewish Boundaries 2133. Table Fellowship with Gentiles 2214. 'He Declared All Foods Clean' 2275. Summary: Jesus and Sacred Food 234Chapter 8Jesus and hIs earlIest followers: antICIPatInG oBJeCtIons 2361. A Purity-Friendly Jesus? 2392. Jesus, Jewish Identity, and the Post-Easter Church 2423. Factor #1: Roman Abuses and the Persistence ofMaccabean Ideology 2424. Factor #2: The Jewish Make-up of the Post-Easter Church 2545. Factor #3: The Nature of Jesus' Teachings 2556. Factor #4: Jewish Eschatological Expectations 2577. Some Related Evidence: The Case of Paul 2608. Conclusion 263Chapter 9Jesus' VIsIon for a faMIly of God 2651. Mediterranean Family Values 2662. Jesus and Family: Readjusting the Pendulum 2703. Jesus and Family: Adjusting the Pendulum Back Again 2724. Surrogate Family Language in the Gospel of Matthew 2775. Some Concluding Thoughts 285Chapter 10Jesus as an ethnIC entrePreneur 2881. 'Ethnic Group' and 'Ethnicity': Some Definitions 2892. Aspects of a Shared Past: A Threefold Typology 291Contents ix3. Considering the Aims of Jesus 2964. Kinship and Ethnicity 2975. Jesus and Patriarchy 3016. Conclusion 305ConclusionJesus and the PeoPle of God 3091. Summary 3092. Opening the Canopy of Historical Methodology 3163. A Brief Epilogue: Jesus Then and Now 324Bibliography 328Index of Ancient Sources 362Index of Authors 375Index of Subjects 381

ISBN: 9781906055219
ISBN-10: 1906055211
Series: New Testament Monographs
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 396
Published: 13th September 2007
Publisher: Sheffield Phoenix Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 15.6 x 23.4  x 3.18
Weight (kg): 0.73