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Japanese Political History Since the Meiji Restoration, 1868-2000 - R. Sims

Japanese Political History Since the Meiji Restoration, 1868-2000

By: R. Sims

Paperback Published: 22nd February 2002
ISBN: 9780312239152
Number Of Pages: 395

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"Japanese Political History Since the Meiji Restoration, 1868-2000 " explores, through a combination of narrative and analysis, the changes in the political process which lay behind Japan's transformation into a modern nation state; its successive turn toward militarism, fascism, and the Pacific War; and the imposition of a fully democratic constitution. Sims examines closely such central topics as the Meiji renovation, samurai modernisers, the rise of liberal political parties, the Meiji constitution, "Taisho democracy," the wartime changes in the political system, postwar reforms and the "reverse course," four decades of Liberal Democratic rule, and the shake-up of Japanese politics during the 1990s. No other book has covered Japanese political history over the entire period since 1868 in such detail, and the present volume aims to fill the gap between the various general histories of modern Japan and the ever-increasing monographic literature.

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..."a clear, thoughtful narrative of Japan's modern political development that will reward nonspecialists..."--W. Dean Kinzley, The Historian

Acknowledgementsp. v
Prefacep. xi
Glossaryp. xvii
A Note on Japanese Namesp. xxiii
The Changing Value of the Yenp. xxiv
The Meiji Renovationp. 1
Japan in the mid-nineteenth centuryp. 2
The causes of the Meiji Ishinp. 5
The establishment and consolidation of the Meiji governmentp. 12
Obstacles to centralising reformp. 20
The abolition of feudal domainsp. 25
The acceleration of modernisationp. 30
Political division and the 1873 governmental crisisp. 33
The ascendancy of Okubop. 35
The disestablishment of the samurai and the Satsuma rebellionp. 36
The character of the Meiji governmentp. 38
The Consolidation of the Meiji State and the Growth of Political Opposition, 1878-90p. 40
The consolidation of the Meiji statep. 41
The People's Rights movementp. 44
The 1881 political crisisp. 51
The first national political partiesp. 56
The People's Rights movement in the 1880sp. 58
The Meiji government's response to the People's Rights movementp. 61
The Constitutional Experiment and the Beginning of Compromise Politics, 1890-1905p. 69
The first Diet sessionsp. 70
The Ito cabinet and the Jiyutop. 74
The 1898 impasse and the Kenseito cabinetp. 78
The Yamagata cabinet and the Kenseitop. 82
The formation of the Seiyukaip. 85
Politics under the first Katsura cabinetp. 86
The Hibiya Park riotsp. 89
The declining role of the elder statesmenp. 91
Political Party Consolidation, Oligarchic Reaction and the Emergence of New Forces, 1905-18p. 93
The political strategy of Hara Takaship. 94
The second Katsura cabinet and the Seiyukaip. 97
The second Saionji cabinet and the death of the Emperorp. 100
The Taisho political crisisp. 104
The social and ideological background of the Taisho political crisisp. 107
The aftermath of the Taisho political crisisp. 114
The Okuma cabinet and the rise of the Doshikaip. 115
The Terauchi cabinet and the resurgence of the Seiyukaip. 118
The rice riots and the Hara cabinetp. 120
Party Cabinets, Radical Movements and the Collapse of Taisho Democracy, 1918-32p. 123
The post-war fermentp. 123
The policies of the Hara cabinetp. 128
Seiyukai disunity and non-party cabinetsp. 133
Reform and reaction under the Kato cabinetp. 137
The Wakatsuki cabinet and its difficultiesp. 142
Formation of the Minseito and the 1928 electionp. 144
The repressive policies and political difficulties of the Tanaka cabinetp. 146
Financial retrenchment and the Naval Limitations controversyp. 149
The Depression and failures of the Minseito cabinetp. 153
Military subversion and the Mukden Incidentp. 154
The collapse of the second Wakatsuki cabinetp. 158
The Inukai cabinet and the May 15th Incidentp. 159
The weaknesses of political partiesp. 162
'Taisho Democracy' and the new social movementsp. 168
Left-wing political partiesp. 173
The Pursuit of Greater National Unity and the War State, 1932-45p. 179
The upsurge of fundamentalist nationalismp. 179
The divisions within Japanese ultranationalismp. 182
The Saito cabinetp. 186
The Okada cabinet and the Minobe affairp. 189
Factional struggle in the armyp. 192
The February 26th Incidentp. 195
The increase in military influence on governementp. 197
The partial party revival and the Hayashi cabinetp. 202
The first Konoe cabinet and the China Incidentp. 205
The Hiranuma and Abe cabinetsp. 210
The Yonai cabinet and the new party movementp. 214
Konoe and the new political structurep. 217
The emasculation of the new structurep. 220
Politics and foreign policy in 1941p. 223
Tojo, the 1942 election and war-time politicsp. 226
The growth of opposition to Tojop. 229
The Koiso and Suzuki cabinets and the peace partyp. 232
The decision to surrenderp. 236
The Post-War Reshaping of Japanese Politics, 1945-52p. 238
Conservative expectations and initial Occupation policyp. 238
Constitutional reformp. 242
The revival of political partiesp. 246
The 1946 election and the purge of Hatoyamap. 249
The first Yoshida cabinet and the challenge of the Leftp. 251
Socialist-led coalition governmentp. 255
The change in American policy and the return to conservative controlp. 258
The end of the Occupationp. 263
The '1955 System' and the Era of LDP Dominance, 1952-93p. 266
The persistence of American influencep. 268
Conservative division and Yoshida's oustingp. 270
Socialist merger and the formation of the Liberal Democratic Partyp. 274
The Hatoyama cabinet and the reaction against the Occupationp. 276
Kishi's rise to powerp. 279
Kishi and Security Treaty revisionp. 281
Political conciliation and economic growth under Ikedap. 287
The Sato cabinet and political change in the 1960sp. 291
The retrocession of Okinawap. 296
Relations with China and the end of the Sato cabinetp. 298
The Tanaka cabinet's aims and setbacksp. 301
The Miki cabinet and the obstacles to political reformp. 305
The Lockheed scandal and the Fukuda cabinetp. 308
LDP factional conflict and the Ohira cabinet's loss of a Diet majorityp. 311
The conservative revivalp. 313
The Suzuki cabinet and administrative reformp. 315
Nakasone's new approachp. 319
The Liberal Democratic Party's 1986 election successp. 324
Introduction of the consumption taxp. 326
The Recruit scandal and the collapse of the Takeshita and Uno cabinetsp. 328
The collapse of the 'bubble economy' and the impact of the Gulf Crisisp. 331
The Sagawa scandal and the Liberal Democratic Party's fall from powerp. 334
The reasons for the LDP's long dominancep. 337
The Shake-up of Japanese Politics, 1993-2000p. 344
The Hosokawa coalition and its reform measuresp. 344
The Conservative-Social Democratic coalition, 1994-6p. 348
The New Frontier Party and the 1996 electionp. 350
The Hashimoto cabinet and the LDP setback in 1998p. 354
The Obuchi cabinet and the LDP-Liberal Party-Komeito coalitionp. 356
The Japanese political situation at the beginning of the twenty-first centuryp. 360
Bibliographyp. 366
Indexp. 381
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780312239152
ISBN-10: 0312239157
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 395
Published: 22nd February 2002
Publisher: Palgrave USA
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 21.08 x 13.97  x 3.3
Weight (kg): 0.52
Edition Number: 1