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Japanese Corporate Transition in Time and Space - T. Kurihara

Japanese Corporate Transition in Time and Space

Hardcover Published: 18th November 2009
ISBN: 9781403966544
Number Of Pages: 284

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Precarious office friendships and email romance; delicate status politics; multiple femininities and masculinities; changing employment practices and career pathways; temporal and spatial practices of regulation, detection and slipping free - these analytical themes comprise the core of Tomoko Kurihara’s ethnography, Japanese Corporate Transition in Time and Space. A skillful analysis of the subtleties of language and embodiment discloses the various knowledges and practices that reinforce and subvert ideology and culture within the workplace community. This fieldstudy brings the work of continental theorists Mikhail Bakhtin, Pierre Bourdieu, and Michel de Certeau into conversation with the anthropology of Japan. It is a significant contribution to the new specialist areas in anthropology, of organizations, and of management practices.

'There is no doubt that Kurihara has made an important contribution to the continuing discussion on changing Japanese workplaces.' Oxford Journals

List of Plates and Tablesp. xi
Note on Transliteration and Translationp. xiii
Acknowledgmentsp. xv
Knowledge and Competing Discourses in Organizationsp. 1
JCars in Contextp. 1
Models of the Japanese Workplacep. 6
The Workplace as Communityp. 8
Discursive Formation of Communityp. 9
Hierarchy in Actionp. 12
Organization of This Bookp. 13
Fieldwork and Methodologyp. 17
Bodies and Knowledgep. 17
Tsūkin (Commute)p. 20
Kaisha (Company)p. 22
Why Study JCars?p. 24
Multiple Positions and Feelingsp. 25
Friendships, Worldview, Intersubjectivity, and Ethnographyp. 29
Techniques of Data Collectionp. 37
Inside the Officep. 38
Outside the Officep. 42
Official Contextsp. 42
Casual Contextsp. 42
Email in Research Settings: As Method and Topicp. 43
Summary of Methodologyp. 44
Gender Segregation and the Japanese Labor Market: Equal Employment Opportunity Lawp. 47
Office Workersp. 48
Salary Man and Office Ladyp. 48
Gender Segregation in the Japanese Labor Marketp. 50
Management Reforms in the 1970s: Utilizing Women's Powerp. 53
Women's Ratio of Participation in Various Professions, 1990-2005p. 54
The Status of Female Workersp. 55
Exclusion from Employment in Large Companiesp. 55
Equal Employment Opportunity Law (EEOL)p. 58
Introduction of the Career Tracking System, EEOL (1986)p. 59
EEOL Enacted (1997), Enforced (1999)p. 62
The Company, Society, and EEOLp. 64
Economic Downturn and Restructuring in the 1990sp. 66
Social and Structural Effectsp. 66
Restructuring in the Manufacturing Sectorp. 68
Implications of Restructuringp. 69
Women's Status Reconsideredp. 70
Firm Entry, Tracking System, Careers, Status Negotiationp. 75
Recruitmentp. 75
The Annual Business Plan and the Recruitment Projectp. 75
Firm Entry via Personal Connections: Quality of the Workerp. 76
Recruiting Female Junior College Graduatesp. 79
Allocation to Departments: Suitabilityp. 80
Recruiting Female University Graduates via Career Trackp. 81
Recruiting Menp. 81
Disabled Workersp. 83
The Tracking Systemp. 88
Experience of Positions in Clerical and Career Tracksp. 88
Restructuring: Job Equality between Clerical and Career Track-Occupational Rolep. 92
Converting to the Career Trackp. 95
EEOL's Effects on Women's Long-Term Career Aspirationsp. 98
Women and Men's Talk of Male Careersp. 100
Personality and Appearance of New Recruitsp. 103
Female Office Workers, Meaning, and Discoursesp. 110
Glamorp. 110
Independencep. 111
Career Woman or Office Workerp. 112
Summary: Discourses of Statusp. 113
Linguistic Spaces of Vertical and Horizontal Organizationp. 117
JCar's Social Structure = Nakane's Modelp. 117
Vertical Relations: The Tutor Systemp. 120
Job Supervisionp. 120
Sister Tutelagep. 122
Dōki Groupsp. 132
Summary: Ideals and Experience, Uniting Theory and Practicep. 138
Temporal Dimensions of Symbolic Communityp. 145
The Urban Commutep. 145
Time, Work, Life Coursep. 146
Daily Regulation of Timep. 147
Overtime: Cultural Meaningsp. 148
Loyalty of Junior Workersp. 150
Western-Style Section Headp. 153
Self-Maintenance and Embodimentp. 153
Gift-Givingp. 156
O-miyagep. 156
O-Chūgen and O-seibop. 158
Senpai no Ogorip. 159
Organized Eventsp. 160
Summary: Fostering a JCars Communityp. 161
Spatial Practices and Hierarchyp. 165
Characteristics of Hierarchyp. 166
Rigid and Flexible Hierarchyp. 169
Relocationp. 169
Global Hierarchyp. 170
Office Partiesp. 171
Drink and Interactionp. 172
Role of Hierarchy in the Open Plan Officep. 172
Efficiencyp. 172
Surveillancep. 173
Transparencyp. 174
Gendered Spaces: Tea Room and Changing Roomp. 176
Surveillance-Slipping Awayp. 176
Undecided Spacep. 179
Tea Makingp. 179
Cleaning Dutiesp. 180
Exclusivity: By Genderp. 181
Exclusivity: Power among Womenp. 181
Smokersp. 183
Refusal to Clean Desks and Ashtraysp. 184
Summary: Hierarchy and the Different Production of Meaningsp. 185
Spatial Practices of Mēru and Bulletin Boardp. 189
Installation of IT Systemsp. 191
Practice of Economic Diversionp. 194
Mēru: A Web of Activityp. 197
Romancep. 198
Friendshipsp. 201
Public and Private in Spatial Practicep. 203
Demarcation through Embodied Practicesp. 203
Practices of Detection: Mēru Monitoringp. 205
Co-Workers as "Other"p. 207
Sekenp. 207
Mēru and Sekenp. 211
The Disorderly Communityp. 211
Intermissionp. 215
Conclusionsp. 217
Closingp. 217
Impossibility of Closurep. 225
Appendixp. 231
Brief Timeline of Multisited Fieldworkp. 231
A Graph to Show the Labor Force Participation Rate of Women by Country and Age Group, 1997p. 232
Uranai, Fortune Telling Based on One's Life Coursep. 233
Glossaryp. 235
Notesp. 239
Selected Bibliographyp. 257
Indexp. 281
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781403966544
ISBN-10: 1403966540
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 284
Published: 18th November 2009
Publisher: Palgrave USA
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 21.6 x 14.0  x 2.06
Weight (kg): 0.52
Edition Number: 1