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Japanese Banking : A History, 1859-1959 - Norio Tamaki

Japanese Banking

A History, 1859-1959

Hardcover

Published: 24th November 1995
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How did the Japanese achieve their unrivalled position in world banking? This study examines the creation of the Japanese banking system, over the century of 1859-1959, the first to do so in English. By 1897, the financial authorities in Japan had created a currency backed by gold, supported by a variety of banking houses. In the twentieth century Japan began to flex its military muscles and made much profit during the first world war. However, the following slump was exacerbated by a devastating earthquake leading indirectly to financial collapse in 1927. During the 1930s the banks of Japan were expected to support Japan's military aggression. The American 'democratization' programme after 1945 proved less damaging for Japanese banks than had been feared. This clear and stimulating account will prove of absorbing interest to those engaged in any business relationship with Japan.

"...a useful addition to all banking and finance collections." Choice "This book offers a useful overview of Japan's banking institutions as they evolved...it provides material not readily accessible in other English-language literature. The author also does a good job of setting the development of Japanese banking into the larger context of Japan's modern history. The result is a book...too thoughtful to dismiss as superfiical. It would be a mistake, however, to understate the value of the book. This book treats one aspect of the problem from a perspective that is thoughtful, thought-provoking, and not mired in the theoretical assumptions that shape much Western literature on the subject. A careful reader will find much in it about which to think." Elizabeth P. Tsunoda "This book offers a useful overview of Japan's banking institutions as they evolved... Drawn largely from Japanese sources, it provides material not readily accessible in other English-language literature. The author also does a good job of setting the development of Japanese into the larger context of Japan's modern history. A careful reader will find much in it about which to think." Elizabeth P. Tsunoda, The Historian

Preface
Genealogy of leading Japanese banks 1859-1959
Abbreviations
A Bankrupt Shogunate 1859-1868
Japanese merchant bankers: Ryogae
A bankrupt regime
Ryogae, struggling for survival?
The arrival of Western banking
The Meiji Restoration: Monetary Confusion and Banking Experiments, 1868-1881
The first banking experiment
The national bank system: American influence
The origins of ordinary banking: another bank mania
Search for stability: the last bank controversy
Matsukata, the Wizard of Japanese Banking 1881-1897, the Yokohama Specie Bank (1880), and the Bank of Japan (1882)
The Bank of Japan, or Nichigin
The Yokohama Specie Bank or Shokin
Consolidation and expansion
The adoption of gold standard
The Japanese on the London Money Market, 1897-1911
The -Siamese twins-: Nichigin and Shokin
Special banking
Banking at the end of the Meiji era
Banking and the securities market
War: The Japanese Boom Years, 1911-1919
Bank of Japan money supply
The expansion of special banking
Ordinary and savings banks: the search for strength
Other financial sectors in the boom years
Crisis and the Road to War, 1919-1937
Post war collapse, 1919-1923
1923 catastrophic earthquake, 1927 financial disaster, and the new Bank Act
Financing heavy industries
The challenge of militarism and a change of roles for Nichigin and Shokin
Complete Commitment, Struggles, and Defeat, 1937-1945
War budgets and the mobilisation of national resources
Extraordinary banking business during the national emergency
Crisis, 1945
American -Democratization- and the Search for Growth, 1945-1959
MacArthur-s directives
Remaking the banking system: the Japanese vs. the Americans
Rise of governmental banking and the search for stability: the Japanese initiatives
The post-war system
An extraordinary century, 1859-1959
Appendices
Notes
Bibliography
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521496766
ISBN-10: 0521496764
Series: Studies in Macroeconomic History
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 312
Published: 24th November 1995
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.8 x 15.2  x 2.4
Weight (kg): 0.59