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IUTAM Symposium on Synthesis in Bio Solid Mechanics : Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium held in Copenhagen, Denmark, 24-27 May 1998 - Pauli Pedersen

IUTAM Symposium on Synthesis in Bio Solid Mechanics

Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium held in Copenhagen, Denmark, 24-27 May 1998

By: Pauli Pedersen (Editor), Martin P. Bendsoe (Editor)


Published: 30th April 1999
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This book contains the edited version of invited lectures presented at the IUTAM Symposium on Synthesis in Bio Solid Mechanics held in Copenhagen, Denmark, 24-27 May, 1998. The Symposium was attended by 48 scientists in mechanics, mathematics and medicine from 14 countries. The fields of interest range over experimental issues, models of bone remodelling, micromechanics of bone, analogies between optimal design models and bone remodelling, to mathematical issues of the various models seen in this exciting area. Biomechanics has been a very active research area in the last 25 years and covers a very broad class of problems. The present book concentrates on the solid mechanics domain of biomechanics, where important problems of synthesis are presently an active and challenging part. Characteristics of biomechanical materials are not only their inhomogeneity and anisotropy, but also their capability to change in relation to actual use. These living materials call for new methods of analysis and also new methods for synthesis. By synthesis in this context is meant design of implants or artificial control of material growth. Bone mechanics is closely related to recent work on analysis and design of microstructural anistropic materials. Also, recent work in shape design can to some extent be useful in the more complicated problems of biomechanics. Here interface problems play an essential role. This volume will be of interest to researchers in the field of (bio)mechanics and (bio)materials.

Functional Adaptation in Bonep. 1
Mechanical and Hormonal Mechanisms Influencing Skeletal Formp. 11
Self-organization of Topological Structures by a Cellular Automatonp. 21
Architectural 3-D Parameters and Anisotropic Elastic Properties of Cancellous Bonep. 33
Lattice Continuum Model for Bone Remodeling Considering Microstructural Optimality of Trabecular Architecturep. 43
Anchorage of Orthopedic Prostheses: Influence of Bone Properties and Bone - Implant Mechanicsp. 55
Design of Materials Subject to Bio-Mechanical Compatibility Constraintsp. 67
Joint Load Identification During Cyclic Movementsp. 79
Why aren't Skeletal Tissues Perfect?p. 93
Dynamics of Joint Morphogenesisp. 103
Optimal Modification and Evolution of Elastic Continuum Structuresp. 115
Effect of Time Dependence on the Mechanical Behavior of Compact Bone Tissuep. 129
Anisotropic Residual Stress Measurements in Compact Bone Using Polychromatic X-ray Diffractionp. 139
A 3-D Finite Element Model of the Rat Tibialis Anterior Musclep. 151
Image Based Design and Manufacture of Scaffolds for Bone Reconstructionp. 163
Fatigue Damage in Bone: Links to Adaptationp. 175
Fracture Gap Movement as a Function of Musculo-Skeletal Loading Conditions During Gaitp. 187
Experimental Micromechanics and Viscoelasticity of Biological and Bioprotective Materialsp. 199
Global and Local Material Optimization Models Applied to Anisotropic Bone Adaptionp. 209
On the Optimality of Bone Microstructurep. 221
An Existence Result in Bone Remodellingp. 235
Structural Optimization and Biological Designsp. 247
On Simple Model of Self-adapting Bone Materialp. 265
Computer Simulations of Refractive Surgery and Accommodation Mechanismsp. 277
Optimization of Left Ventricular Muscle Fiber Orientationp. 285
Optimization of Material Symmetryp. 297
Surface Remodeling Simulation of Trabecular Bone Using Microstructural Finite Element Modelsp. 309
Tissue Adaptation as a Discrete - Dynamical Process in Time and Spacep. 321
Time Simulation of Bone Adaptationp. 333
Can the Mechanical Trabecular Bone Quality be Estimated Reliably from Mean Intercept Length or Other Morphological Parameters?p. 349
Nonlinear Stress-Strain Behavior Due to Damage Accumulation in Cortical Bonep. 361
A Volumetric Finite Element Scheme to Investigate the Mechanical Properties of Normal and Osteoporotic Trabecular Bonep. 373
Similarities in Bone Remodelling and Damage Evolutionp. 387
Bounds for Cell Wall Permeabilitiesp. 401
List of Participantsp. 407
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792356158
ISBN-10: 0792356152
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 410
Published: 30th April 1999
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 24.13 x 16.51  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.77