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Issues in Urban Earthquake Risk : Nato Science Series E: - Brian E. Tucker

Issues in Urban Earthquake Risk

Nato Science Series E:

By: Brian E. Tucker (Editor), Mustafa Ozder Erdik (Editor), Christina N. Hwang (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 31st May 1994
ISBN: 9780792329145
Number Of Pages: 330

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Urban seismic risk is growing worldwide and is, increasingly, a problem of developing countries. In 1950, one in four of the people living in the world's fifty largest cities was earthquake-threatened, while in the year 2000, about one in two will be. Further, ofthose people living in earthquake-threatened cities in 1950, about two in three were located in developing countries, while in the year 2000, about nine in ten will be. Unless urban seismic safety is improved, particularly in developing countries, future earthquakes will have ever more disastrous social and economic consequences. In July 1992, an international meeting was organized with the purpose of examining one means ofimproving worldwide urban safety. Entitled "Uses ofEarthquake Damage Scenarios for Cities of the 21st Century," this meeting was held in conjunction with the Tenth World Conference ofEarthquake Engineering, in Madrid, Spain. An earthquake damage scenario (EDS) is adescription of the consequences to an urban area of a large, but expectable earthquake on the critical facilities of that area. In Californian and Japanese cities, EDSes have been used for several decades, mainly for the needs of emergency response officials. The Madrid meeting examined uses of this technique for other purposes and in other, less developed countries. As a result of this meeting, it appeared that EDSes bad significant potential to improve urban seismic safety worldwide.

Preface
Overview
Some Remarks Concerning Worldwide Urban Earthquake Hazard and Earthquake Hazard Mitigationp. 1
Socioeconomic and Political Considerations in Developing Earthquake Damage Scenarios in Urban Areasp. 11
Seismological Information Necessary for Beneficial Earthquake Risk Reductionp. 21
Geotechnical Aspects of the Estimation and Mitigation of Earthquake Riskp. 35
Estimation of Earthquake Damage to Buildings and Other Structures in Large Urban Areasp. 79
Creating the Scenario and Drafting Earthquake Hazard Reduction Initiativesp. 103
The Quito Project: Technical Aspects and Lessonsp. 115
Governmental Aspects of the Earthquake Damage Scenario Project of Quito, Ecuadorp. 121
Developing a Comprehensive Earthquake Disaster Masterplan for Istanbulp. 125
Seismic Risk on the Territory of the City of Yerevan, Armeniap. 167
Status of Seismic Hazard and Risk Management in Kathmandu Valley, Nepalp. 183
Earthquake Disaster Countermeasures in Saitama Prefecture, Japanp. 199
Arguments for Earthquake Hazard Mitigation in the Kamchatka Regionp. 215
Seismic Risk and Hazard Reduction in Vancouver, British Columbiap. 221
Earthquake Hazards in the Guatemala City Metropolitan Areap. 237
Earthquake Hazard in El Salvadorp. 247
Seismic Safety of the Lima Metropolitan Areap. 251
Earthquake Damage Scenarios in Lisbon for Disaster Preparednessp. 265
Granada Facing on Earthquakep. 291
Seismic Exposure and Mitigation Policy in Nice, Francep. 301
The City of Patras-W. Greece: A Natural Seismological Laboratory to Perform Seismic Scenario Practicesp. 315
Indexp. 327
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792329145
ISBN-10: 0792329147
Series: Nato Science Series E:
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 330
Published: 31st May 1994
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.4 x 15.6  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 1.48