One of the most dynamic aspects of the Islamic revival during the past two centuries has been the rethinking of Islamic political thought. A broad range of actors, ideas, and ideologies characterize the debate on how Islamic ethics and law should be manifested in modern institutions. Yet this aspect of the "return to Islam" has been neglected by policymakers, the media, and even many scholars, who equate "political Islam" with merely one strand, labeled "Islamic fundamentalism." Bringing together ten essays from six volumes of the "Ethikon Series in Comparative Ethics," this book gives a rounded treatment to the subject of Islamic political ethics.
The authors explore the Islamic ethics of civil society, boundaries, pluralism, and war and peace. They consider questions of diversity, discussing, among other subjects, Islamic regimes' policies regarding women and religious minorities. The chapters on war and peace take up such crucial and timely issues as the Islamic ethics of jihad, examining both the legitimate conditions for the declaration of war and the proper conduct of war.
In their discussions, the contributors analyze the works of classical writers as well as the full range of modern reinterpretations. But beyond these analyses of previous and contemporary thinkers, the essays also reach back to the two fundamental sources of Islamic ethics--the Qur'an and traditions of the Prophet--to develop fresh insights into how Islam and Muslims can contribute to human society in the twenty-first century.
The authors are Dale F. Eickelman, Hasan Hanafi, Sohail H. Hashmi, Farhad Kazemi, John Kelsay, Muhammad Khalid Masud, Sulayman Nyang, Bassam Tibi, and M. Raquibuz Zaman.
"From the foreword by Jack Miles: "
"Western foreign ministers and secretaries of state may have to learn a little theology if the looming clash between embattled elements both in the West and in the Muslim umma is to yield to disengagement and peaceful coexistence, to say nothing of fruitful collaboration. . . . It is, then, no idle academic exercise that the thinkers whose work is collected here have in hand. The long-term practical importance of their work can scarcely be overstated."
One of Choice's Outstanding Academic Titles for 2003 "While the jihad and civil society material have been covered elsewhere in detail, it is convenient to have these discussions brought together in one volume, and some of the ethical questions in particular break new ground."--Omid Safi, Religious Studies Review
Foreword: Of Theology and Diplomacy by Jack Miles viiPreface by Sohail H. Hashmi xiPART I: STATE AND CIVIL SOCIETY 1OneCivil Society and Government in Islam by John Kelsay 3TwoPerspectives on Islam and Civil Society by Farhad Kazemi 38ThreeAlternative Conceptions of Civil Society: A Reflective Islamic Approach by Hasan Hanafi 56PART II: BOUNDARIES AND DISTRIBUTIVE JUSTICE 77FourIslamic Perspectives on Territorial Boundaries and Autonomy by M. Raquibuz Zaman 79FiveReligion and the Maintenance of Boundaries: An Islamic View by Sulayman Nyang 102PART III: PLURALISM AND INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY 113SixIslam and Ethical Pluralism by Dale F. Eickelman 115SevenThe Scope of Pluralism in Islamic Moral Traditions by Muhammad Khalid Masud 135EightIslamic Ethics in International Society by Sohail H. Hashmi 148PART IV: WAR AND PEACE 173NineWar and Peace in Islam by Bassam Tibi 175TenInterpreting the Islamic Ethics of War and Peace by Sohail H. Hashmi 194Glossary 217Contributors 219Index 221