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Iraq Between the Two World Wars : The Militarist Origins of Tyranny - Reeva Spector Simon

Iraq Between the Two World Wars

The Militarist Origins of Tyranny

Paperback Published: 9th June 2004
ISBN: 9780231132152
Number Of Pages: 256
For Ages: 22+ years old

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Why did a group from the Iraqi army seize control of the government and wage a disastrous war against Great Britain, rejecting British and liberal values for those of a militaristic Germany? What impact did these actions have on the thirty-year regime of Saddam Hussein?

Departing from previous studies explaining modern Iraqi history in terms of class theory, Reeva Simon shows that cultural and ideological factors played an equal, if not more important, role in shaping events. In 1921 the British created Iraq, and an entourage of ex-Ottoman army officers, the Sharifians, became the new ruling elite. Simon contends that this elite, returning to an Iraq made up of different ethnic, religious, and social groups, had to weld these disparate elements into a nation. Pan-Arabism was to be the new ideological source of unity and loyalty. Schools and the army became the means through which to implant it, and a series of military coups gave the officers the chance to act in its name. The result was an abortive revolt against Britain in 1941. And the legacy of the revolt is still apparent in the next two generations of Iraqi officers that led to the regime of Saddam Hussein.

This updated edition locates the sources of Iraqi nationalism in the experience of these ex-Ottoman army officers who used the emergent pan-Arabism to weld a disparate population into a nation. Simon shows that the relationships forged between Iraqi officers and Germans in Istanbul before WWI left deep legacies that go a long way toward explaining the disastrous war against Great Britain in 1941, the rejection of liberal values, the revolution of 1958 in which the military finally seized power, and the outlook of the leadership recently overthrown by American and British armies.

Introductionp. xi
The Creation of a Statep. 1
The Officers, Germany, and Nationalismp. 7
The Officers in Iraqp. 41
Educationp. 69
The Armyp. 107
The Rashid 'Ali Goupp. 135
Conclusion: Ideological Prelude to Tyrannyp. 155
Appendixesp. 171
The Hashimitesp. 171
Iraqi Cabinets 1921-1941p. 173
Biographical Sketchesp. 179
Notesp. 183
Bibliographyp. 213
Indexp. 231
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780231132152
ISBN-10: 0231132158
Audience: Professional
For Ages: 22+ years old
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 256
Published: 9th June 2004
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.23 x 15.24  x 1.27
Weight (kg): 0.34
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: Revised