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Iodine Deficiency in Europe : A Continuing Concern - F. M. Delange

Iodine Deficiency in Europe

A Continuing Concern

By: F. M. Delange (Editor), J.T. Dunn (Editor), D. Glinoer (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 30th June 1993
ISBN: 9780306444104
Number Of Pages: 492

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The disorders induced by iodine deficiency affect at least one billion people. Because ofits effects on brain development, iodinedeficiency is the single most preventable cause of mental retardation in the world. Therefore, the United Nations and the Heads of State of almost all the world's countries represented at the Summit for Children in 1990 adopted resolutions to eradicate the disorders induced by iodine deficiency (IDD) by the year 2000. For geological and socio-economic reasons, most of the populations affected by iodine deficiency disorders live in isolated and usually mountainous areas, in pre- industrialized parts ofthe world. The problem of iodine deficiency in Europe has been greatly underestimated in the last decades. After the remarkable studies on the effects of iodine deficiency and their prevention and correction in Switzerland, IDD was generally considered no longer a significant public health problem in Europe. However, surveys carried out in the early 1980's under the auspices of the European Thyroid Association, clearly demonstrated the persistence of moderately or even severely affected areas. These surveys also highlighted the lack ofinformation about large parts ofEurope, especially its eastern part. It is only quite recently, following major changes in international relations and thanks to the support of UNICEF, WHO, the International Council for the Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders and the European Thyroid Association, that more extensive surveys have been conducted in several parts of Europe hitherto almost unexplored. These surveys showed that most European countries were iodine deficient.

Requirements of iodine in humansp. 5
Sources of dietary iodine in industrialized countriesp. 17
The iodine deficiency disordersp. 25
Control of thyroid growthp. 35
Autoregulation of thyroid function by iodidep. 43
Iodine kinetics in iodine deficiencyp. 51
Goitrogenesis in iodine deficiencyp. 61
Selenium, iodine, and the thyroidp. 71
Thyroid dysfunction induced by excess iodinep. 79
Iodine excess and thyroid autoimmunityp. 93
Nutritional informations for the elimination of IDD in Europep. 103
Requirements for goiter surveys and the determination of thyroid sizep. 109
Biochemical evaluation of iodine statusp. 119
Status of iodine nutrition in the United Statesp. 129
Iodine intake in Canadap. 131
The status of iodine nutrition in Australiap. 133
Status of iodine nutrition in Japanp. 141
Iodine in the food chainp. 151
Animal studies of iodized oils : Iodine disposition and physiological effectsp. 159
Feto-maternal thyroid hormone relationships in iodine deficiency : An experimental approachp. 171
Thyroid regulation during pregnancyp. 181
Goitre in pregnancy in Germanyp. 191
Neonatal thyroid function in iodine deficiencyp. 199
Congenital hypothyroid screening programs and the sensitive thyrotropin assay : Strategies for the surveillance of iodine deficiency disordersp. 211
National program of iodine prophylaxis and neonatal thyroid functionp. 219
Consequences of iodine fall out : Dosimetric and radiobiological considerationsp. 229
Dietary iodine supply and radioiodine uptake : The case for generalized iodine prophylaxisp. 237
Use of potassium iodine to minimize thyroid radiation from radioactive fall-outp. 243
Iodization of salt and food. Technical and legal aspectsp. 261
Study of a system of continuous iodine release into water (Rhodifuse[superscript R] iode)p. 269
Iodine supplementation to a public water supply : An efficient method for correcting iodine deficiencyp. 275
Monitoring of programs of iodine prophylaxis in industrialized countriesp. 285
Implementation of iodine deficiency disorders elimination programs in Europep. 291
Urinary excretion of iodine in Norwayp. 297
The state of iodine nutrition in Swedenp. 301
Present state of endemic goitre in Finlandp. 305
Iodine intake in Denmark - Influence on the pattern of thyroid diseasep. 311
Status of iodine deficiency in Irelandp. 317
Status of iodine nutrition in the United Kingdomp. 323
Iodine and goitre in The Netherlands. A role for nitrate pollution ?p. 329
Iodine deficiency diseases and interdisciplinary iodine prophylaxis in the Eastern part of Germany before and after the German reunificationp. 335
Present status of iodine deficiency in Polandp. 341
Iodine deficiency disorders and endemic goiter in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)p. 347
Some problems of endemic goiter in Czecho-Slovakia yesterday, today and tomorrowp. 353
Status of iodine nutrition and thyroid function in Belgiump. 359
Goitre prevalence and salt iodization in Francep. 363
Status of iodine nutrition in Switzerlandp. 367
Status of iodine nutrition in Europe : National update, Austriap. 373
Status of iodine nutrition in Hungaryp. 377
The status of iodine nutrition in Romaniap. 383
Endemic goiter in Portugalp. 389
Iodine deficiency in Spain : Update of a widespread and persisting problemp. 395
Status of iodine nutrition in Italyp. 403
Endemic goiter in Croatiap. 409
Status of iodine nutrition in Bulgariap. 415
Iodine nutrition and iodine deficiency disorders in Greece : Signs of improvementp. 421
Endemic goiter and iodine deficiency in Turkeyp. 427
Abstracts of the poster presentation No. 1 - 37p. 433
Speakersp. 479
Discussantsp. 483
Author Indexp. 487
Subject Indexp. 491
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780306444104
ISBN-10: 0306444100
Series: Advances in Experimental Medicine & Biology (Springer)
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 492
Published: 30th June 1993
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 17.78  x 2.87
Weight (kg): 1.11