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Involuntary Resettlement : Planning and Implemention in Development Projects :  Planning and Implemention in Development Projects - World Bank

Involuntary Resettlement : Planning and Implemention in Development Projects

Planning and Implemention in Development Projects

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Published: June 2004
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Construction of infrastructure, a pre-requisite for sustained socioeconomic growth, often requires acquisition of land and, therefore, physical relocation and economic displacement of people. If such impacts, collectively characterized as involuntary resettlement, are not identified and adequately mitigated, some already vulnerable populations are likely to be further impoverished, thereby undermining development objectives. Involuntary Resettlement Sourcebook clarifies many policy and technical issues that confront resettlement policymakers and practitioners. It provides guidance on resettlement design, implementation, and monitoring, and it discusses resettlement issues particular to development projects in different sectors. The Sourcebook will be useful to a wide range of stakeholders. Its primary audience is resettlement practitioners, who have a role in the actual design, implementation, and evaluation of resettlement programs. The sourcebook will also be of interest to policymakers and project decision-makers.

Forewordp. xvii
Acknowledgmentsp. xxi
Introductionp. xxiii
Abbreviationsp. xxxiii
Policy Issues in Involuntary Resettlementp. 1
Scope of OP 4.12p. 3
Scope of OP 4.12p. 3
When OP 4.12 Becomes Effective and When It Remains in Forcep. 8
Linkages between Bank and Other Donor or National Projectsp. 10
When OP 4.12 Does Not Applyp. 15
Notesp. 25
Resettlement Instruments and Disclosurep. 27
Resettlement Planp. 27
Policy Frameworkp. 27
Process Frameworkp. 29
Disclosurep. 33
Eligibility Criteria and Units of Entitlementp. 35
Eligibility Criteria: Land Tenure and Severity of Impactp. 35
Open Access and Other Propertyp. 42
Temporary Involuntary Acquisitionp. 45
Appropriate Unit of Entitlementp. 47
Compensation and Income Restorationp. 51
Calculation and Application of Replacement Costp. 52
Income Restoration Alternatives: Land, Cash, and Jobsp. 61
Notep. 70
Vulnerable Populationsp. 71
The Poorp. 72
Womenp. 75
Indigenous Peoplesp. 78
Those Less Able to Care for Themselvesp. 81
Other Groups Not Protected by National Land Compensation Lawp. 85
Notep. 91
Technical Aspects of Involuntary Resettlementp. 93
Resettlement Planning and Processing Requirementsp. 95
Processing Requirements at Each Stage of the Project Cyclep. 97
Preappraisalp. 110
Resettlement Site Selection, Movement of Displaced Persons, and Organization of Community Lifep. 120
Consultation and Participationp. 123
What OP 4.12 Saysp. 123
Consultation and Participation Definedp. 124
The Importance of Participationp. 125
Issues in Consultation and Participationp. 126
Consultation and Participation in the Project Cyclep. 128
The Role of the Bank in Supporting Participationp. 142
Notep. 143
Consultation and Participation Matrixp. 144
Income Improvementp. 153
What OP 4.12 Saysp. 153
Definition of Income Restoration in Operational Termsp. 155
Issues in Income Restorationp. 157
Risk Analysisp. 162
Design of Income Restoration Strategiesp. 164
Income Restoration through Land Replacementp. 169
Strategic Use of Project Opportunitiesp. 171
Other Income Restoration Strategiesp. 176
Requirements for Reporting and Review of Income Restoration Plansp. 176
Monitoring and Supervision of Income Restoration Measuresp. 177
Microfinance as a Tool for Income Restorationp. 181
Costs, Budgeting, and Financingp. 185
What OP 4.12 Saysp. 185
Identifying and Reporting Resettlement Costsp. 186
Estimating Resettlement Costsp. 189
Financial Flows, Arrangements, and Contingenciesp. 196
Bank Disbursement for Resettlementp. 200
Notesp. 203
Surveys, Monitoring, and Supervisionp. 205
What OP 4.12 Saysp. 205
Identification: Land Acquisition Assessmentp. 208
Census of DPs and Inventory of Assetsp. 209
RP Preparation: Socioeconomic Analysisp. 213
Implementation: Monitoringp. 215
Bank Supervision of Resettlement Operationsp. 221
Organizations for Planning and Implementationp. 229
What OP 4.12 Saysp. 229
Organizational Responsibility for Resettlement Preparation and Planningp. 230
Implementationp. 235
Monitoring and Evaluationp. 252
Training and Capacity Buildingp. 253
Notesp. 255
Implementing Resettlement Plansp. 257
Getting Ready for Implementationp. 257
Initiating Implementationp. 258
Adaptation When Things Do Not Go According to Planp. 264
Circumstances Likely to Require Planning Changesp. 266
Involuntary Resettlement in Selected Sectorsp. 269
Resettlement in Urban Areasp. 271
The Context of Urban Resettlementp. 271
Importance of Initial Planningp. 272
Coordination of Administrative and Financial Responsibilitiesp. 277
Resettlement of Urban Squattersp. 280
Residential Relocation in Urban Projectsp. 284
Urban Improvement: Opportunities for Resettlement as Developmentp. 289
Economic Rehabilitation in Urban Projectsp. 292
Community and Public Infrastructure in Urban Projectsp. 295
Urban Linear Projectsp. 297
Resettlement in Linear Projectsp. 299
The Context of Linear Resettlementp. 299
Linear Projects and Their Corridors of Impactp. 300
Participation and Minimization of Resettlementp. 306
Impacts on Vulnerable Populationsp. 309
Project Phasing, Censuses, and Studiesp. 312
Administrative Coordinationp. 316
Monitoringp. 318
Summary of Key Elementsp. 319
Dams and Resettlement: Building Good Practicep. 321
The Context of Dam Constructionp. 321
Organizational Capacity and Commitmentp. 323
Resettlement Planningp. 325
Minimization of Displacementp. 327
Assessment of Resettlement Impactsp. 329
Consultation and Participationp. 334
Rehabilitation Strategiesp. 339
Financial Arrangementsp. 349
Assessment of Risks to the Resettlement Programp. 353
Institutional Arrangementsp. 354
Linkage of Dam Construction to the Implementation of Resettlementp. 356
Monitoring and Supervisionp. 357
Notesp. 359
Resettlement in Natural Resources Management and Biodiversity Projectsp. 361
Policy Applicabilityp. 361
Policy Objectivesp. 363
Policy Instrumentsp. 363
Elements of a Resettlement Process Frameworkp. 365
Plan of Actionp. 368
World Bank Involuntary Resettlement Policy, OP/BP 4.12p. 371
Involuntary Resettlement OP 4.12p. 371
Policy Objectivesp. 371
Impacts Coveredp. 372
Required Measuresp. 372
Eligibility for Benefitsp. 375
Resettlement Planning, Implementation, and Monitoringp. 376
Resettlement Instrumentsp. 377
Assistance to the Borrowerp. 379
Notesp. 380
OP 4.12--Annex Ap. 384
Resettlement Planp. 384
Abbreviated Resettlement Planp. 389
Resettlement Policy Frameworkp. 389
Process Frameworkp. 390
Notesp. 391
Involuntary Resettlement BP 4.12p. 393
Appraisalp. 394
Supervisionp. 396
Country Assistance Strategyp. 397
Notesp. 397
Checklist for Census Informationp. 399
Census Formsp. 400
Terms of Reference for a Socioeconomic Studyp. 404
Introductionp. 404
Objectives of the Studyp. 405
The Studyp. 405
Scope of the Studyp. 406
Methodology of the Studyp. 407
Matrix of Resettlement Impactsp. 408
Resettlement Entitlement Matrix China Yangtze Basin Flood Control Projectp. 410
Resettlement Budgetp. 412
Resettlement Timetablep. 413
Resettlement Supervision Guidelinesp. 414
Glossaryp. 417
List of Boxes
Suggested Compensation Guidelines for Temporary Acquisition of Assetsp. 46
When Replacement Land Is Unacceptable to DPsp. 65
Cash Compensation Does Not Ensure Asset Replacementp. 67
Assessing the Need for Consultant Servicesp. 104
Meeting the Special Needs of New Borrowersp. 106
Estimating the Time Required for Resettlement Preparationp. 109
Disclosure Requirements for Bank Resettlement Documentsp. 143
Impoverishment Risks and Reconstruction: A Framework for Resettlement Analysis and Planningp. 163
Microfinance and Market Failurep. 182
Censuses, Surveys, and Computer Technologyp. 213
Vertical Resettlement: A Tool for Urban Renewalp. 288
Housing Affordability and Willingness to Payp. 290
Consultation and Minimizing Displacement in Guatemalap. 309
Inconsistent Treatment of Squatters and Encroachersp. 311
Criteria for Assessing Adequacy of Institutional Commitment and Capacityp. 324
Typical Adverse Social Impacts of Reservoirsp. 331
Laws for Hydropower Revenue Sharing with Affected Communitiesp. 352
List of Figures
Decision Tree: Resettlement Instrumentsp. 28
Income Restoration Objective in Regions of Economic Growthp. 156
Income Restoration Objective in Regions of Economic Contractionp. 157
List of Tables
Severity of Impact of Land Taking and Recommended Entitlement Optionsp. 40
Participation and the Project Cyclep. 130
Comparing Compensation and Income Restorationp. 158
The Project Cycle and Information Requirementsp. 208
Land Acquisition Assessmentp. 209
Elements of a Censusp. 210
Topics of a Week-Long Training Programp. 212
Elements of a Socioeconomic Analysisp. 215
Elements of a Monitoring Systemp. 216
Process Model for Tracking Project Performancep. 217
Suggested Generic Indicators of Resettlement Performancep. 218
Preparation Activities and Agencies Responsiblep. 232
Choice of Resettlement Instrumentsp. 364
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780821355763
ISBN-10: 0821355767
Series: Other World Bank Bks.
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 468
Published: June 2004
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.37 x 19.2  x 2.13
Weight (kg): 0.84