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Introduction to the Gothic Language : Ancient Language Resources - Thomas O Lambdin

Introduction to the Gothic Language

Ancient Language Resources

Paperback Published: 1st January 2006
ISBN: 9781597523943
Number Of Pages: 361

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"The present work is designed to provide a carefully graded introduction to the grammar and vocabulary of the Gothic language. The material is presented in a way that I have found very effective in my teaching of other languages over the years, with enough examples and exercise material to lead the student to a rapid and intelligent reading of the extant texts. "In addition to this purely practical goal, I have also tried to clarify, to the extent possible, the aspectual nature of the Gothic verb, a subject somewhat neglected in the textbooks currently available in English. . . . "Because the study of Gothic is usually undertaken by students of Germanic or Indo-European philology, I have included a discussion of the historical phonology and morphology in a supplementary series of lessons whose contents parallel that of the corresponding lessons in the Grammar. . . . "The texts given include all extant portions of the four gospels together with the extant portions of Romans and First Timothy. The Gospel According to Luke has been fully glossed at the foot of each page to spare the student the loss of time in looking up words . . . . The end Glossary contains the complete vocabulary of the Gothic Bible with the exception of proper names and a few transliterated Greek words." --from the Preface Thomas O. Lambdin retired as Professor at Harvard University. A world-renowned linguist, he is also the author of Introduction to Biblical Hebrew, Introduction to Sahidic Coptic, and Introduction to Classical Ethiopic (Ge'ez). His grammars have been translated into Spanish, Italian, German, and Russian.

Prefacep. iii
Abbreviations and Conventionsp. viii
Introductionp. ix
The Gothsp. ix
Sources of the Gothic Languagep. ix
The Germanic Languagesp. x
The Gothic Alphabetp. xi
The Sounds of Gothicp. xii
The Consonantsp. xii
The Vowelsp. xiii
Spelling Variationsp. xiv
Assimilationsp. xv
Grammar Lessons
Nouns: number, case, gender, declensionp. 1
Strong masculine nouns of the type dags (day)p. 1
The demonstrative adjective sa (masculine)p. 2
Prepositions (in, du, fram, ana, us)p. 3
Adverbial predicationp. 3
Neuter nouns of the type waurd (word)p. 5
The neuter inflection of the demonstrative adjective sap. 5
Predicate adjectivesp. 5
Further remarks on the Devoicing Rulep. 6
Negationp. 6
Cardinal numbersp. 6
Gupp. 6
Strong feminine nouns of the type giba (gift)p. 8
The feminine predicate adjectivep. 8
The feminine forms of the demonstrative adjective sap. 8
J-stem nounsp. 8
J-stem adjectives (predicate forms)p. 9
Syntactic notesp. 9
Attributive adjectives: strong inflectionp. 11
Uses of the strong inflectionp. 11
Pronominal possession in the third personp. 13
Types of verbsp. 15
Verbs: inflectional categoriesp. 15
Aspectp. 15
Weak verbs: class I (nasjan, sokjan)p. 17
Subject pronounsp. 17
The verb mag- (to be able, can)p. 18
Weak nounsp. 20
Weak verbs, class I, with preterites in -t-p. 20
The interrogative pronouns hwas, hwa, hwop. 21
Wisan and istp. 21
Some uses of the dativep. 21
I-stem nounsp. 25
The five nouns of relationship (r-stem nouns)p. 25
Third person pronounsp. 25
Some verb forms (maht-, iddj-, present indicative of strong verbs)p. 25
The weak inflection of adjectivesp. 29
The uses of the weak inflection of adjectivesp. 29
The active participlep. 30
all- (all): pronoun and adjectivep. 32
U-stem nounsp. 35
The numbers ain- (one), twai (two), preis (three)p. 35
sums (some): adjective and pronounp. 36
The past (passive) participlep. 36
Substantivized participlesp. 37
Final remarks on sap. 38
Weak verbs, Class 3 (haban)p. 40
The remaining nominal inflections (consonantal inflections)p. 40
Verbal nounsp. 41
Verbal prefixes; at-p. 41
The personal pronouns of the first and second personp. 42
Relative pronouns and relative clausesp. 45
Sama (same) and silba (self)p. 45
The verb wiljan (want, will, wish)p. 46
The present (active) participle used as a predicatep. 47
Reflexive verbsp. 47
Loanwords and proper names from the Greekp. 47
Strong verbs: classes 4 and 5 (niman, bairan; giban, qipan, saihwan)p. 51
The verbal prefixes fra- and us-p. 52
More on relative pronouns and relative clausesp. 53
The conjunctions jah, ip, pan, -uh pan, panuh, paruh, nup. 57
More on the verbal prefix ga-p. 61
Strong verbs: class I (beidan, -teihan)p. 65
Coordinating conjunctions (continued from 13.1)p. 65
The preterite-present verb skalp. 68
The verbal prefix af-p. 68
Strong verbs: class 2 (driusan, tiuhan)p. 72
The subjunctive (also called the optative)p. 72
The enclitic coordinating conjunction -uhp. 75
Tmesisp. 76
The verbal prefix uf-p. 77
The subjunctive in purpose clausesp. 81
Nominal clauses with patei, ei, and peip. 81
The preterite-present verbs witan, kunnan, munan, and gamunanp. 83
The verbal prefixes and- and und-p. 84
Strong verbs: class 3 (bindan, siggwan, filhan, wairpan)p. 87
i-stem adjectivesp. 87
Indefinite pronouns and adjectives (I)p. 88
The verbal prefix bi-p. 89
Strong verbs: Class 6 (faran, frapjan, standan)p. 93
The dative absolutep. 93
Temporal clausesp. 94
The demonstrative pronoun sah, patuh, sohlp. 95
Causative verbs in -janp. 96
Weak verbs: Class 2 (salbon)p. 99
Conditional sentencesp. 100
The dualp. 101
The verbal prefix mip-p. 102
Final remarks on relative constructions: ei, pei, izei, and seip. 102
Preterite-Present verbs (*paurban, gadaursan, *ogan, *aigan)p. 107
u-stem adjectivesp. 108
The comparative and superlative of adjectivesp. 108
The syntax of the comparative adjectivep. 109
The verbal prefixes ana- and in(n)-p. 110
Direct questionsp. 111
Strong verbs: Class 7 (falpan, gretan)p. 115
Indirect questionsp. 115
Interrogative and indefinite pronouns and adjectives (II)p. 116
Noun formation (I)p. 118
The passivep. 122
Indefinite pronouns and adjectives (III)p. 123
Noun formation (II)p. 124
Adjective formationp. 125
Weak verbs: Class 4 (fullnan)p. 130
Adverb formationp. 131
The partitive genitivep. 132
Final remarks on the subjunctivep. 133
Final remarks on the infinitivep. 134
Final remarks on absolutesp. 135
Final remarks on the numbersp. 136
Aiwaggeljo pairh Lukan anastodeip (The Gospel according to Luke)p. 141
Aiwaggeljo pairh Marku anastodeip (The Gospel according to Mark)p. 167
The Gospel according to Matthewp. 182
The Gospel according to Johnp. 189
The Epistle of Paul to the Romansp. 202
Du Teimaupaiau .a. dustodeip (The First Epistle of Paul to Timothy)p. 218
Historical Grammar: Introduction
The phonological system of Proto-Indo-European
The consonantsp. 227
The vowelsp. 228
Word formationp. 228
Ablaut (apophony)p. 228
The laryngealsp. 229
From Late PIE to Proto-Germanicp. 230
From Late PG to Gothicp. 231
The Gothic development of IE plain voiceless stops and *sp. 232
The Gothic development of the IE plain voiced stopsp. 233
The development of the IE long vowels and diphthongs in PG and Gothicp. 234
The development of the IE short vowels and short syllabic resonants in syllables ending up stressed in Gothicp. 235
Historical Grammar: Lessons I-23 (correlated with the Grammar Lessons)p. 236
Glossaryp. 318
Selected Bibliographyp. 357
Index of Etymologiesp. 358
Grammatical Indexp. 360
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781597523943
ISBN-10: 1597523941
Series: Ancient Language Resources
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 361
Published: 1st January 2006
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 26.67 x 20.73  x 2.08
Weight (kg): 0.83