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Introduction to Sensor Systems : Communication & electronic defence library - S.A. Hovanessian

Introduction to Sensor Systems

Communication & electronic defence library

Hardcover

Published: 19th October 1988
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Prefacep. xi
Acknowledgementsp. xv
Introduction to Sensor Systemsp. 1
Introductionp. 1
Sensor System Frequenciesp. 4
Atmospheric Attenuationp. 6
Angular Resolution Considerationsp. 9
Microwave Radar Systemsp. 11
Detection Range Calculationsp. 14
Tracking Radar Computationp. 15
An Interesting Radar Applicationp. 17
Millimeter-Wave Radar Systemsp. 17
Ground Clutter Radar Cross Sectionp. 19
Rain Backscattering RCSp. 21
Signal Levels and Detectionp. 22
Computational Procedurep. 22
Electro-Optical Thermal Imagersp. 24
Performance Calculationsp. 26
Numerical Example of MRT Calculationp. 28
A Typical Thermal Imager Picturep. 30
Laser Radar Systemsp. 30
Performance Calculationsp. 31
Laser Radar Receiversp. 33
Numerical Examplep. 34
Laser Radar Applicationp. 36
Examples of Sensor Systemsp. 37
Comparison Of Microwave and Electro-Optical Systemsp. 46
Discussionp. 50
Referencesp. 53
Microwave Radar Systemsp. 55
Introductionp. 55
Pulsed Radarsp. 56
Example: Pulsed Radarp. 58
Discussion: Pulsed Radarp. 58
Pulsed Doppler Radarsp. 60
Range Measurementp. 61
Detection in Clutter and Ground Returnsp. 68
Comparison of Pulsed and Pulsed Doppler Radarsp. 71
Frequency Domain Representationsp. 72
Medium PRF Radarsp. 74
Radar Signal Processingp. 81
Digital Signal Processingp. 82
Radar S/N Ratio Equationp. 89
Other Forms of the Radar Equationp. 92
Integration of Returned Pulsesp. 92
Search Radarsp. 93
Tracking Radarsp. 95
Sequential Lobing and Conical Scan Trackingp. 96
Monopulse Trackingp. 96
Track-while-Scan Radarsp. 99
Measurement and Tracking Accuracyp. 102
Design Examplep. 105
Ground-Based Low PRF Radarp. 105
Pulsed Doppler Radarp. 108
Antenna Gain Pattern and Electronic Scanp. 110
Antenna Gain Patternp. 110
Electronic Scan Antennasp. 114
Probability of Detection and S/N Ratiop. 116
Types of Radar Target Returnsp. 117
Probability of Detectionp. 117
False Alarm Ratep. 119
Numerical Examplep. 121
Summaryp. 122
Referencesp. 123
Synthetic Array and Imaging Radarsp. 125
Introductionp. 125
Imaging Radarsp. 126
X Direction Resolutionp. 130
Digital Pulse Compressionp. 131
Y Direction Resolutionp. 132
Signal Processing of SAR Datap. 136
Doppler Signal Processingp. 136
Digital Signal Processingp. 139
Resolution Limits of SAR Systemsp. 141
S/N Ratio and Power Requirementsp. 143
Mechanization Block Diagramp. 144
Summaryp. 146
Referencesp. 148
Millimeter-Wave Radar Systemsp. 149
Detection of Ground Targetsp. 150
Atmospheric Attenuationp. 152
Computational Procedurep. 154
Numerical Examples: Stationary Ground Targetsp. 155
Numerical Resultsp. 156
Detection of Hovering Helicopters Against a Hilly Backgroundp. 158
Numerical Resultsp. 161
Discussion of Nonmoving Target Detectionp. 163
Detection of Wires and Poles by MMW Radarsp. 164
Radar Cross Section of Wiresp. 164
Radar Cross Section of Polesp. 166
Radar Detection Ranges of Obstaclesp. 167
Atmospheric Attenuation and Rain Backscatteringp. 168
Detection Range Calculationsp. 169
Nonperpendicular to Wire Detection Rangesp. 170
Wooden Pole Detection Rangesp. 171
Metallic Pole Detection Rangesp. 172
Summaryp. 173
Referencesp. 174
Thermal Imaging Systemsp. 175
Introductionp. 176
E2ample of an S/N Calculationp. 180
Noise Equivalent Flux Densityp. 183
Spectral Emittance of a Targetp. 183
Noise Equivalent Temperaturep. 186
Minimum Resolvable Temperaturep. 189
Image Quality Considerationsp. 193
Numerical Example of MRT Calculationp. 194
Atmospheric Loss Considerationsp. 197
Computer Programp. 201
Infrared Search and Tracking Systemsp. 203
False Alarm Rate and Threshold Settingp. 205
Radiation Intensity of a Targetp. 207
Numerical Examplep. 209
Atmospheric Attenuationp. 211
Mechanization Procedure in IRST Systemsp. 212
Detector Characteristicsp. 213
Thematic Imagingp. 214
Summaryp. 217
Referencesp. 217
Lasar Radar Systemsp. 219
Introductionp. 220
Performance Calculationsp. 221
Laser Beam Larger than Targetp. 223
Floodlight Laser Radar Systemsp. 224
Laser Radar Receiversp. 225
Probability of Detection: Glint Targetsp. 229
Probability of Detection: Speckled Targetsp. 230
Probability of False Alarm and Time Between False Alarmsp. 232
Lasar Radar Measurementsp. 235
Numerical Examplep. 236
S/N Ratio Computationsp. 238
Ground Backscattering and Interference Signalsp. 242
Numerical Example: Spaceborne Laser Radar Systemp. 247
Referencesp. 250
Multiple Sensor Tracking and Data Fusionp. 251
Introductionp. 252
Data Associationp. 253
Data Association Methodologyp. 254
Data Association for Multiple Sensor Systemsp. 255
Level of Data Association: Central Level versus Sensor Level Trackingp. 256
Position Filtering and Predictionp. 258
Kalman versus Suboptimal Filteringp. 259
Passive (Angle-Only) Sensor Trackingp. 259
Combining Active and Passive Sensor Datap. 260
Fusion of Multiple Sensor Attribute and Target Type Datap. 260
Possibility Theoryp. 263
Bayesian Approachp. 263
Dempster-Shafer Evidential Reasoningp. 265
Distributed Sensor Systemsp. 267
Example Approachesp. 268
Combining Passive (Angle-Only) Tracksp. 269
Sensor Allocationp. 271
Utility Theory Based Allocationp. 272
Sensor Allocation Based on Expert Systemsp. 273
Other Issuesp. 274
Summaryp. 275
Referencesp. 276
Multiple-Sensor Effectiveness and the Expert Matrix Methodp. 279
Introductionp. 280
Sensorsp. 281
Effectiveness Evaluation, Existing Methodologyp. 283
Expert Matrix Methodp. 284
Theoretical Backgroundp. 284
Numerical Examplep. 287
Weight, Volume, and Costp. 291
Relative Wieghts Methodp. 293
Theoretical Backgroundp. 294
Example: the Wealth of Nationsp. 295
Ranking Sensor Systemsp. 297
Chapter Summaryp. 298
Referencesp. 298
Indexp. 299
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780890062715
ISBN-10: 0890062714
Series: Communication & electronic defence library
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 320
Published: 19th October 1988
Publisher: Artech House Publishers
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 2.2
Weight (kg): 0.59