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Introduction to Radiometry and Photometry : Optoelectronics Library - Ross McCluney

Introduction to Radiometry and Photometry

Optoelectronics Library

Hardcover Published: 19th December 1994
ISBN: 9780890066782
Number Of Pages: 424

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This book describes in detail the relationship between radiometry and photometry. It covers information needed to solve problems in radiation transfer and detection, detectors, measuring instruments, and concepts in colorimetry.

Prefacep. xiii
Fundamental Concepts of Radiometryp. 1
Electromagnetic Radiationp. 1
Terminology Conventionsp. 3
Wavelength Notations and Solid Anglep. 4
Fundamental Definitionsp. 7
Lambertian Radiators and Lambert's Cosine Lawp. 13
Radiance, Irradiance, Intensity, and Flux Relationshipsp. 15
Connection with Electromagnetic Theoryp. 20
Polarizationp. 22
Photon Fluxp. 25
Example Problem 1.1p. 28
Example Problem 1.2p. 30
Referencesp. 32
Fundamental Concepts of Photometryp. 33
Lightp. 33
Photometric Definitionsp. 37
Radiation Luminous Efficacy, K[superscript r], and the V-lambda Functionp. 41
Lighting System Luminous Efficacy, K[superscript s]p. 43
Luminance and Brightnessp. 45
Luminance and Visionp. 47
Disability Glarep. 50
Discomfort Glarep. 52
Illuminationp. 54
Illuminance Selectionp. 55
Example Problem 2.1p. 57
Example Problem 2.2p. 59
Example Problem 2.3p. 61
Referencesp. 61
Blackbodies and Other Sourcesp. 63
Blackbody Radiationp. 63
Planck's Lawp. 64
Wien Displacement Lawp. 68
Luminous Efficacy of Blackbody Radiationp. 69
Color and Distribution Temperaturesp. 71
Emission into an Imperfect Vacuump. 72
Radiation Exchangep. 73
Experimental Approximation of a Blackbodyp. 73
Other Real Sourcesp. 74
Example Problem 3.1p. 82
Example Problem 3.2p. 82
Example Problem 3.3p. 83
Example Problem 3.4p. 83
Example Problem 3.5p. 84
Referencesp. 84
Source/Receiver Flux Transfer Calculationsp. 87
Introductionp. 87
Geometry and Definitionsp. 87
Case 1p. 90
Case 2p. 91
Case 3p. 92
Case 4p. 93
Case 5p. 95
Case 6p. 96
Case 7p. 98
Monte Carlo Methodp. 99
Configuration Factorp. 100
Net Exchange of Radiationp. 102
Summaryp. 103
Example Problem 4.1p. 104
Referencesp. 105
The Invariance of Radiance and the Limits of Optical Concentrationp. 107
Introductionp. 107
Radiance is a Field Quantityp. 107
Pencils of Raysp. 108
Elementary Beam of Radiationp. 109
Radiance Invariancep. 111
Radiance Invariance at an Interfacep. 112
Radiance Through a Lensp. 114
Radiance in Absorbing and Scattering Mediap. 115
Concentrating Radiance Meterp. 116
The Limits of Optical Concentrationp. 120
Example Problem 5.1p. 123
Example Problem 5.2p. 124
Referencesp. 125
Optical Properties of Materialsp. 127
Introductionp. 127
Terminologyp. 128
Surface and Interface Optical Propertiesp. 130
Conductor Optical Propertiesp. 130
Nonconductor Optical Propertiesp. 131
Surface Emission Propertiesp. 132
Angular Dependence of Dielectric Optical Propertiesp. 136
Rough Surfacesp. 141
Bulk Medium Optical Propertiesp. 142
Properties of Plane Parallel Platesp. 148
Nonscattering Mediap. 148
Scattering Mediap. 154
Angular Dependencep. 156
Broadband Angle Propertiesp. 160
Transmittance and Reflectance Equationsp. 160
Specular and Diffuse Optical Propertiesp. 162
Spectral Dependencep. 164
Broadband Spectral Propertiesp. 165
Spectral Selectivityp. 167
Example Problem 6.1p. 174
Example Problem 6.2p. 175
Referencesp. 175
The Detection of Radiationp. 179
Introductionp. 179
Basic Conceptsp. 180
Classification of Detectorsp. 187
Thermal Detectorsp. 187
Photemissive Detectorsp. 191
Semiconductor Devicesp. 197
Multi-element Detectors, Charge Transfer Devices, and Imagersp. 205
Detector Noisep. 209
Signal Modulation and Radiation Choppingp. 211
Characterization of Detector Performancep. 215
Responsivity, Rp. 216
Quantum Efficiency, [eta]p. 216
Noise Equivalent Power, NEPp. 217
Detectivity, Dp. 218
Photon Noise-Limited Performancep. 219
Flux Conditioning Prior to the Detectorp. 220
Cosine Response Correctionp. 221
Photopic Correctionp. 224
Spectral Filteringp. 224
Signal Conditioning After the Detectorp. 227
Detector Calibrationp. 227
Example Detectors and Their Characteristicsp. 229
Example Problem 7.1p. 234
Referencesp. 237
Appendix 7Ap. 240
Optical Systemsp. 243
Introductionp. 243
Optical Axisp. 244
Idealized (Thin) Lens Theoryp. 245
Radiance and Irradiance of Imagesp. 250
Vignettingp. 253
Aberrationsp. 254
Spherical Aberrationp. 254
Chromatic Aberrationp. 257
Distortionp. 258
Comap. 258
Astigmatismp. 259
Field Curvaturep. 261
Correcting Aberrationsp. 261
The Diffraction Limitp. 261
Image Qualityp. 263
Flux Distributionp. 265
Nonimaging Optical Systemsp. 266
Throughputp. 269
Integrating Spheresp. 271
Cosine Correctionp. 274
Transmissometers and Reflectometersp. 274
Monochromatorsp. 280
Spectral Filtersp. 280
Scanning Monochromatorsp. 287
Windowsp. 293
Sourcesp. 294
Goniometersp. 295
Transmissometers/Reflectometersp. 296
Scattering Meters, Nephelometers, Turbidimeters, and Haze Metersp. 296
Example Problem 8.1p. 297
Referencesp. 300
Radiometers and Photometersp. 303
Introductionp. 303
General Design Factorsp. 305
Broadband Irradiance and Radiance Metersp. 306
Restricted Spectral Band Irradiance Meters for the Ultraviolet Through the Infraredp. 310
Illuminance and Luminance Metersp. 311
Spectroradiometersp. 312
Calibration of Radiometers and Photometersp. 314
Transfer Standardsp. 316
Broadband Irradiance Standard Sourcesp. 318
Standard Sources for Spectral Irradiance and Spectral Radiancep. 319
Absolute Radiometryp. 322
Standard Illuminance and Luminance Sourcesp. 326
Radiometer/Photometer Calibration Using Standard Sourcesp. 327
Spectroradiometer Calibrationp. 328
National Standards Laboratoriesp. 329
Example Problem 9.1p. 329
Example Problem 9.2p. 330
Referencesp. 330
Metric Primer and Additional Radiometric and Photometric Quantities and Unitsp. 333
Introductionp. 333
The SI System of Unitsp. 334
Basic Metric Principlesp. 334
Metric Units for Radiometry and Photometryp. 336
The I-P System of Unitsp. 336
Photon Flux Unitsp. 336
Other Quantities and Unitsp. 338
Referencesp. 340
Basic Concepts of Color Sciencep. 343
Introductionp. 343
Basic Concepts and Definitionsp. 344
Systems of Color Specificationp. 349
Munsell Color Systemp. 349
CIE 1976 (L*a*b*) Color Spacep. 352
Tristimulus Colorimetryp. 352
CIE 1931 Color Systemp. 354
CIE 1964 Supplementary Observer Color Systemp. 359
CIE 1976 Uniform Color Spacep. 359
Color Temperaturep. 364
Standard Illuminants and Reflection Colorimetryp. 366
Blackbody Illuminantsp. 367
Daylight Illuminantsp. 369
Reflection Colorimetryp. 371
Color Rendering Indexp. 372
Referencesp. 375
Correspondence Between Finite Elements and the Calculusp. 377
Introductionp. 377
Definition of the Derivativep. 378
Definition of the Integralp. 380
Integrals as Sumsp. 382
Sums Over Solid Anglesp. 383
Referencesp. 387
About the Authorp. 389
Indexp. 391
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780890066782
ISBN-10: 0890066787
Series: Optoelectronics Library
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 424
Published: 19th December 1994
Publisher: Artech House Publishers
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 2.6
Weight (kg): 0.82

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